中考英语核心词,词性分类更好记!(U—Z)

范文1:中考英语核心词性分类更好!(HN【以文搜文】

    单词分类会更好记!按字母、按词性同时分类记忆也是不错的选择!距离2016中考越来越近,记核心词会大大提高效率,因此,按字母、词性分类的中考英语核心词就和大家见面了!

中考英语核心词,词性分类更好记!(H—N)
H【动词】happen 发生hate 讨厌have 有hang 悬挂help 帮助hide 隐藏hear 听到hit 撞击hold 容纳,握hope 希望hurry 赶快,匆忙hurt 受伤【名词】habit 习惯half 一半hat 帽子head 头health 健康help 帮助history 历史hundred 百human 人类housewor k家务劳动hotel 宾馆hometown 家乡holiday 假日hunger 饥饿hurry 匆忙husband 丈夫【形容词】happy 高兴的hard 困难的,硬的hard-working 努力工作的helpful 有帮助的healthy 健康的huge 巨大的honest 诚实的homeless 无家可归的hungry 饥饿的I【动词】improve 提高include 包括increase 增加imagine 想象impress 给人印象interview 采访;面试introduce 介绍invite 邀请invent 发明【名词】illness 疾病importance 重要information 信息instruction 命令interest 兴趣invitation 邀请island 岛屿【形容词】ill 生病的important 重要的impossible 不可能的injured 受伤的interesting 有趣的J【动词】join 参加jump 跳跃【名词】joy 开心jacket 夹克job 工作joke 玩笑形容词just 公正的K【动词】keep 保持kick 踢kill 杀kiss 亲吻know 知道knock 敲【名词】king 国王kitchen 厨房kite 风筝key 钥匙kid 小孩knife 小刀knowledge 知识【形容词】kind 和蔼的knowledgeable 知识渊博的L【动词】last 持续laugh 笑lie 躺;位于learn 学习leave 离开let 让lift 举起like 喜欢list 列举listen 听litter 乱丢live 生活lock 锁light 照亮;点燃【名词】lab 实验室lady 女士land 土地language 语言left 左边leaf 叶子leader 领导law 法律lesson 教训level 水平letter 信lift 电梯light 灯lock 锁library 图书馆lunch 午餐luck 运气love 爱【形容词】large 大的late 晚的latest 最新的lazy 懒惰的lively 活泼的lonely 孤独的long 长的M【动词】major 主修manage 管理mark 标志marry 嫁;娶match 比赛matter 要紧make 制作mean 意思是;打算meet 遇见mend 修理mention 提到mind 介意mistake 犯错move 移动【名词】magazine 杂志map 地图mark 标志match 比赛matter 事件meal 一顿饭material 材料market 市场mind 思想milk 牛奶million 百万method 方法message 信息memory 记忆member 成员meeting 会议medicine 药means 方法meaning 意义menu 菜单mountain 山mother 妈妈morning 早上money 钱monitor 班长Monday 星期一moment 重要model 模特minute 分钟month 月份moon 月亮mouse 老鼠mouth 嘴巴movie 电影music 音乐museum 博物馆【形容词】magic 有魔力的main 主要的most 最多的modern 现代的much 很多的N【动词】need 需要nod 断头note 注意notice 通知【名词】nature 自然neighborhood 附近news 新闻newspaper 报纸night 晚上note 笔记notebook 笔记本nose 鼻子noise 噪音noon 正午north 北方notice 注意;通知nurse 护士number 数量【形容词】national 国家的natural 自然的nearby 附近的necessary 必要的nervous 紧张的normal 平常的nice 好看的northern 北方的new 新的next 下一个的 来自: HEPL >《初中英语类》转藏到我的图书馆 献花(0)分享到:类似文章?中考英语核心词,词性分类...中考英语核心词,词性分类...英语词性缩写及介绍2015年6月英语四六级翻译必...菜鸟级英语常用形近词英语中使用最多25个动词、...更多类似文章 >>

范文2:中考英语核心词性分类更好!(OT【以文搜文】

    单词分类会更好记!按字母、按词性同时分类记忆也是不错的选择!距离2016中考越来越近,记核心词会大大提高效率!

中考英语核心词,词性分类更好记!(O—T)
中考英语核心词,词性分类更好记!(O—T)
O【动词】obey 服从offer 提供open 打开operate 运转own 拥有order 命令organize 组织【名词】object 物体office 办公室oil 油ocean 海洋opportunity 机会operation 手术owner 拥有者offer 提议【形容词】old 老的own 自己的outstanding 出色的outgoing 开朗的orange 橙色的opposite 相反的open 开放的P【动词】pack 包装park 停放paint 油漆pass 通过pay 付款perform 执行please 讨人喜欢pick 选择play 玩phone 打电话place 放置practice 练习point 指出praise 赞扬prepare 准备prove 证明provide 提供pull 拉promise 承诺protect 保护produce 生产prevent 预防【名词】part 部分park 公园pardon 原谅paper 论文pair 一对page 记录package 包裹parent 父(母)person 任务patient 耐心peace 和平period 时代people 人民pity 遗憾picture 图片pleasure 高兴pocket 口袋police 警察plenty 丰富public公众pronunciation 发音progress 进步problem 问题prize 奖品pride 自豪price 价格【形容词】particular 特别的personal 个人的patient 有耐心的perfect 完美的popular 受欢迎的possible 可能的poor 贫穷的polite 有礼貌的proud 自豪的proper 适当的pretty 漂亮的pleasant 令人愉快的pleased 高兴的Qquarter 四分之一quality 质量question 问题quick 快的quickly 快速地quiet 安静的quietly 安静地quite 相当R【动词】rain 下雨raise 提高reach 达到read 阅读realize 意识到recite 背诵record 记录refuse 拒绝regard 看待regret 后悔relax 放松remain 保持receive 接收remember 记得rent 出租repair 修理repeat 重复reply 回复report 报道require 需要rest 休息retell 复述ride 骑ring 按铃rise 上升return 返回review 复习run 跑步rush 冲remind 介意【名词】rain 雨radio 收音机reason 原因relation 关系rest 休息report 报道research 研究review 复习risk 风险rule 规则【形容词】rainy 下雨的rapid 迅速的relaxing 令人轻松的relaxed 放松的regular 规律的right 正确的rude 粗鲁的S【动词】say 说satisfy 令人满意sail 航行search 研究set 树立shake 动摇save 节省sell 销售seem 似乎serve 招待send 发送see 看见shut 关闭show 显示shout 呼喊shoot 射击share 分享shine 照耀sort 分类speak 说话spell 拼写spend 花钱stand 站立start 开始steal偷窃stick 坚持stop 停止store 储藏suit 合适suggest 建议succeed 成功study 研究uppose猜想supply 供给surprise使惊奇sweep 打扫swim 游泳solve 解决【名词】sale 销售same 相同sand 沙地science 科学scientist 科学家sea 海洋screen 屏幕season 季节secret 秘密seat 座位service 服务shame 羞耻shoulder肩膀sight 视力side 方面sing 唱歌sleep 睡眠silence 沉默skill 技能sky 天空snow 雪soldier 士兵spirit 精神speech 演讲speed 速度story 故事store 商店stranger 陌生人student 学生style 风格success 成功subject 主题sweater 毛衣【形容词】sick 厌恶的shy 害羞的small 小的slow 慢的sleepy 困乏的similar 相似的simple 简单的silly 愚蠢的silent 沉默的smart 聪明的smooth 顺利的snowy 下雪的social 社会的soft 柔软的smart 聪明的stupid 愚蠢的strict 严格的strange 陌生的super 特级的sunny 阳光充足的successful 成功的sudden 突然的strong 强壮的sweet 甜的surprising令人惊讶的surprised 感到惊奇的sure 肯定的T【动词】take 带走talk 谈话taste 尝起来teach 教tell 告诉thank 谢谢think 思考throw 扔trust 相信try 尝试translate 翻译travel 旅行turn 转变【名词】teacher 老师telephone 电话taste 味道talk 谈话text 文本theater 戏院thief 贼thing 东西ticket 票traffic 交通train 火车tourist 旅行者tour 旅游truth 真相trip 旅行trouble 麻烦turn 变化type 类型【形容词】tall 高的terrible 可怕的thick 厚的thin 薄的tired 累的tiring 累人的tidy 整齐的true 真实的 来自: HEPL >《初中英语类》转藏到我的图书馆 献花(0)分享到:类似文章中考英语核心词,词性分类...?中考英语核心词,词性分类...40天攻克大学英语四级——...词性复习英语词性缩写及介绍英语单词词根词缀和词性互...更多类似文章 >>

范文3:?中考英语核心词性分类更好!(AG【以文搜文】

    单词分类会更好记!按字母、按词性同时分类记忆也是不错的选择!距离2016中考越来越近,记核心词会大大提高效率,因此,按字母、词性分类的中考英语核心词今天起开始和大家见面了!

A【动词】accept 接受achieve 实现advise 建议afford 支付得起answer 回答appear 出现add 添加act 行动allow 允许agree 同意arrive 到达ask 问appreciate 欣赏argue 争论【名词】advice 建议activity 活动address 地址age 年龄air 空气attention 注意accident 事故【形容词】able 能够的awful 可怕的active 活跃度afraid 恐惧的alive 活着的amazing 令人惊异的angry 生气的asleep 睡着的anxious 焦虑的actually 实际的alike 相同的alone 孤独的【代词】any 任何的anybody 任何人anymore 不再anyone 任何人anything 任何事anytime 任何时间anywhere 任何地方B【动词】beat打败begin开始believe相信borrow 借来bring 带来break 打破build 建筑burn 燃烧buy 买bother 打扰【名词】bank 银行breakfast 早餐bread 面包business 商业【形容词】beautiful 美丽的blind 盲的boring 无聊的born 天生的bright 明亮的brave 勇敢的busy 忙的C【动词】care 关心,在乎call 打电话carry 扛catch 抓住cause 导致celebrate 庆祝change 改变chat 聊天check 检查choose 选择clean 打扫clear 清除climb攀爬close 关come 来collect收集communicate 交流compare 比较consider 考虑continue 继续control 控制connect 连接cook 煮copy 复制cost 花费count 有价值,数cover 覆盖cry 哭create 创造cross 横过cut 切【名词】capital 首都cancer 癌症care 小心century 世纪chance 机会child 小孩children 小孩(复)choice选择city 城市clothes 衣服cloud 云朵collection 收集college 大学communication 交流competition 比赛contest 比赛conversation 对白corner 拐角country 国家countryside 乡村courage 勇气culture 文化course 课程custom 风俗【形容词】careful 小心点careless 粗心的certain 确定的cheap 便宜的clean 干净的clear 干净的clever 聪明的close 关着的cloudy 多运动colorful 多彩的comfortable 舒服的common 共同的confident 自信的confusing 令人困惑的convenient 方便的correct 正确的crazy 懒惰的creative 有创造性的crowded 拥挤的cruel 残酷的cute 可爱的D【动词】dare 敢于deal 处理decide 决定depend 依靠describe 描述design 设计destroy 毁坏develop 发展die 死亡discover 发现discuss 讨论disturb 打搅divide 分开donate 风险draw 画dream 梦想drink 喝drop 掉落【名词】danger 危险date 日期daughter 女儿death 死亡decision 决定development 发展dictionary 字典difference 差异discussion 讨论disease 疾病【形容词】dangerous 危险的dark 黑的,暗的dead 死亡的deaf 聋的deep 深的delicious 美味的different 不同的difficult 困难的disappointing 令人失望的dry 干的E【动词】eat 吃encourage 鼓励end 结束enjoy 喜欢enter 进入examine 检查exchange 改变expect 盼望express 表现explain 解释escape 逃离【名词】east 东方energy 能量example 例子exercise 练习experience 经历,经验excuse 借口【形容词】easy 容易的embarrassed 尬尴的embarrassing 令人尬尴的empty 空的expensive 贵的excited 兴奋的exciting 令人兴奋的extra 额外的F【动词】fail 失败,不及格fall 落下fear 恐惧feed 喂养feel 感觉fetch 去拿来fill 填满finish 完成fix 修理fly飞行follow 跟随force 强迫forget 忘记fight 打架fool 愚弄fit 适合【名词】factory 工厂feeling感觉fire火flight 航班floor 地板foreigner外国人future 未来friendship友谊fun玩笑,乐趣【形容词】fat肥胖的fast快速的far 远的famous 著名的fair公平的favorite 最喜欢的foreign 外国的free空闲的,免费的friendly有好多full 满的,饱的funny 有趣的,滑稽的fit适合的G【动词】get得到give 给go 去grow生长guess猜测greet 打招呼guide 指导【名词】gift 礼物gold金色guest客人grade年级【形容词】good 好的glad 高兴的gentle温柔的 来自: HEPL >《初中英语类》转藏到我的图书馆 献花(0)分享到:类似文章中考英语核心词,词性分类...中考英语核心词,词性分类...英语词性缩写及介绍2015年6月英语四六级翻译必...菜鸟级英语常用形近词英语中使用最多25个动词、...更多类似文章 >>

范文4:【词汇】中考英语1600轻松:单词 词组 句型(XZ【以文搜文】

    X

    X-ray n. X光;X射线

    Y

    

    Z

    1. zebra n. 斑马

    2. zero num.零 n.零点,零度

    3. zoo n. 动物园

    注意: 复数加 ‘s’ 而不是 ‘es’

    There are four zoos in this province. 这个省有四个动物园。

    

    

    编辑:豆豆

    标签:中考必背单词+词组+句型(X-Z)

    中考

    英语

    中考英语

    账号ID:zkyy100

范文5:中考英语核心语法:6大词性、8大时态、3大从句【以文搜文】

    10万武汉家长共同订阅的公众号

    每天阅读武汉丨小升初丨择校丨教育丨政策丨资料

    语法知识是在掌握一定量的单词和短语的基础上才能获得的。因此,单词的形态变化是语法学习的基础之基础。而八种基本时态和含有不复杂的状语从句、定语从句及宾语从句的复合句是初中生学习的重点也是语法学习的难点。

    总之,语法部分是英语学习的重点和难点。语法知识掌握得好,将大大加快英语学习的进程。本文归纳了六大词性、八种基本时态以及初中生需要掌握三种基本从句。希望对广大中学生们有所帮助。

    一. 词 法

    1. 名词

    (1)名词的可数与不可数

    可数名词指表示的人或事物可以用数来计量,它有单数与复数两种形式。不可数名词指所表示的事物不能用数来计量。物质名词与抽象名词一般无法用数目,来统计,都成为不可数名词。

    不可数名词前一般不能用冠词a、an来表示数量,没有复数形式。要表示“一个……”这一概念,就须加a piece of这一类短语。要注意许多名词在汉语里看来是可数名词,在英语里却不可数。如:chalk,paper,bread,rice,grass,news等。

    (2)名词复数的规则变化

    A.一般情况下加-s。

    B.以s, x, ch, sh, 结尾的加-es

    C.以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i再加-es

    D.以f,fe结尾的,去掉f或fe,变成v再加-es

    (3)名词的所有格

    A. 单数名词词尾加’s,复数名词词尾若没有s,也要加’s。

    如:the worker's bike,the Children’ s ball

    B. 表示几个人共有一样东西,只需在最后一个人的名字后加’ s若表示各自所有,则需在各个名字后’ s。

    如: This is Lucy and Licy’ s room.

    These are Kate's and jack’ s rooms.

    C. 如果是通过在词尾加—s构成的复数形式的名词,只加’。

    如:the students’ books,the girls’ blouses

    (另外:名词 of 名词名词是有生命的,我们就用’s结构来表示所有关系。如果名词所表示的事物是无生命的,我们就要用名词 of 名词的结构来表示所有关系。)

    2. 代词

    人称代词,物主代词,反身代词,指示代词,不定代词

    (1)人称代词

    第一人称单数

    I me my mine myself

    复数 we us our ours ourselves

    第二人称

    单数 you you your yours yourself

    复数 you you your yours yourselves

    第三人称

    单数 he him his his himself

    she her her hers herself

    it it its its itself

    复数 they them their theirs themselves

    (2)物主代词

    物主代词的用法:形容词性物主代词后面一定要跟上一个名词;

    名词性物主代词可作主语、表语、宾语。

    (3)反身代词

    反身代词的构成分两种:第一、二人称反身代词在形容词性物主代词后加上self或selves,第三人称的反身代词在宾格代词后加上self或selves.

    反身代词的用法:一种是作宾语,由主语发出的动作又回到动作者本身。如:I enjoyed myself at the party. 另一种是作名词或代词的同位语;用来加强语气。如:I can do it myself.

    (4)指示代词

    指示代词的特殊用法:

    (1)为了避免重复,可用that,those代替前面提到过的名词,但是this,these不可以。

    (2)this,that有时可代替句子或句子中的一部分。

    (5)不定代词

    one,some,any,other,another,all,both,each,neither,many,much等

    3. 冠词

    (1)不定冠词an用在元音读音开头(不是指元音字母)的词前,其余用不定冠词a.

    (2)定冠词的基本用法

    A. 用在重新提到的人或事物前面。

    B. 指谈话双方都知道的人或事物前面。

    C. 用在单数可数名词前面,表示某一类人或事物。

    (3)定冠词的特殊用法

    A. 用在世界上独一无二的事物或方位名词前。

    B. 用在序数词、形容词的最高级及only所修饰的名词前。

    C. 用在江河、海洋、山脉、湖泊、群岛的名称前面。

    D. 用在由普通名词和另外一些词所构成的专有名词前面。

    E. 用在姓氏的复数形式前面,表示全家人或这一姓的夫妇二人。

    F. 用在乐器名称前。

    G. 和某些形容词连用,表示某一类人或事物。

    (4)名词前不用冠词的情况

    A. 在专有名词 (包括人名、地名、节日、月份、季节) 、物质名词和抽象名词前—般不用冠词。但在以Festival组成的民间节日前要加the。

    B. 表示一类人或事物的复数名词前。

    C. 名词前有物主代词、指示代词、不定代词或名词所有格修饰时,不用冠词。

    D. 三餐饭、球类、棋类、游戏名称前一般不用冠词。正在有些词组中,有无冠词含义不同。

    (sit) at table就餐; sit at the table坐在桌边

    go to school去上学;go to the school去那所学校;in hospital住院;in the hospital在那个医院里

    4. 数词

    (1)数字的表示

    三位数数词要在百位和十位(若无十位则和个位)之间加and。

    1,000以上的数字,从后向前第三位数加一个“,”,第一个“,”前为thousand,第二个“,”前为million,第三个“,”前为billion。

    (2)序数词除了first,second,third外,其余都在基数词尾加-th构成。

    (3)分数分子在前,分母在后,分子用基数词,分母用序数词,当分子大于1小时,分母序数词要变成复数。

    (4)hundreds(thousands,millions)of……

    5. 形容词、副词

    (1)形容词的位置

    A. 形容词作定语一般要放在名词前面,但当形容词修饰不定代词something,nothing,anything时要放在所修饰的不定代词之后。如:something important,nothing serious。

    B. 当形容词带有表示度量的词或词组作定语或表语时,定语或表语要后置。如:

    We have dug a hole two meters deep.

    The hole is about two metres deep.

    (2)形容词的比较等级

    单音节词和少数双音节词,在词尾加—(e)r,—(e)st来构成比较级和最高级。其他双音节词和多音节词,在前面加more,most来构成比较级和最高级。如:

    popular———more popular———most popular

    important—more important—most important

    (3)副词的比较等级

    单音节副词和个别双音节副词通过加-er,-est来构成比较级和最高级。绝大多数副词借助more,most来构成比较级和最高级。

    (4)少数形容词和副词比较级/最高级的不规则变化:

    原级 比较级 最高级

    well —— better —— best

    badly —— worse —— worst

    much —— more —— most

    little —— less —— least

    far —— farther —— farthest

    farthest furthest

    late —— later —— latest

    (5)副词的最高级前面可以不加定冠词the。

    6. 介词

    (1)表示时间的介词及介词短语

    in, at, on, before,after,till,since,for, fromto, until, by,in the middle of,at the beginning of, at the end of,at half past five,at night,in a week,in the morning,in class,at sunrise, in spring/summer/autumn/winter,on Sunday,on Saturday afternoon,on a winter evening,for a long time,for two months,after school,since liberation,before lunch,at the time of,at the age of

    (2)表示地点的介词及介词短语

    in,at,into,to,on,beside,before,behind,above,under,outside,inside,up,from,far,from,near,across, off, down, among, past,between,out of,around,in the front of, in the middle of, at the back of,at the foot of,at home,at the gate,at the table,in the sky, on the ground,in a tree, in the south,in the sun,in the bed,on one’s way home,by the side of

    二. 八 种 基 本 时 态

    1.一般现在时

    概念: 表示经常发生的动作或经常存在的状态。

    常和 always , often , usually , sometimes , every day 等表时间的状语连用。

    如:1) I go to school every day . 我每天都去学校。(表经常)

    2) He is always like that . 他总是那样。 (表状态)

    构成: 1) 主语 be (am / are / is ) ……

    2) 主语 实义动词/三单动词 …

    2.一般过去时

    概念: 1) 表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态.

    常和表示过去的时间状语连用. 如: yesterday , last week , in 1998 , two days ago等.

    如: I went to a movie yesterday. 我昨天去看了一场电影.

    2) 也可表示过去经常或反复发生的动作.

    如: He always went to work by bike last week.

    构成: 1) 主语 be (was / were ) ……

    2) 主语 实义动词过去式

    3.现在进行时

    概念: 表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作.

    如: He is singing.

    They are watching TV now.

    构成: 主语 助动词be(am/are/is) 动词-ing形式构成.

    4.过去进行时

    概念: 表示过去某一时刻或某一段时间正在进行的动作. 这一特定的过去时间除了有上下文暗示外,一般用时间状语来表示.

    如: 1) ---What were you doing?

    ---I was jumping.

    2) ---What was the boy doing when the UFO arrived?

    ---He was sleeping.

    构成: 主语 助动词be(was/were) 动词-ing形式构成.

    5.一般将来时

    概念:表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复发生的动作,常与表示将来的时间状语连用,如: tomorrow, next week, next year, in the future等.

    如: He will go shopping tomorrow.

    They are going to play basketball next week.

    构成: 1) 主语 助动词will 动原 …

    2) 主语 be going to 动原 ….

    6. 过去将来时

    概念: 表示在过去将来的某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态.

    构成: 1) 主语(第一人称) 助动词should 动原 …

    2) 主语 would 动原 ….

    3) 主语 was/ were going to 动原…

    用法: 过去将来时除了上下文暗示外,一般常用在间接引语中,主句谓语动词为过去时态.

    如: 1) I should go.

    2) You knew I would come.

    3) They were going to Naning.

    7.现在完成时

    构成: 主语 助动词 ( have / has ) 动词过去分词 …

    用法 例句

    表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果. ---Have you had your lunch yet?

    ---Yes, I have. (现在我不饿了)

    8.过去完成时

    构成: 主语 助动词 had 动词过去分词 …

    用法 例句

    表示过去在过去某一时间或动作之前已经发生或完成了的动作.它表示的动作发生的时间是”过去的过去”.表示过去某一时间可用by, before 等构成的短语,也可用when, before, 等引导的从句或者通过上下文表示.

    I had finished my homework when my mom came back home.

    三. 三 种 基 本 从句

    从句的共同特点

    从句是指在一个句子中充当一个成分的句子,充当什么成分就叫什么从句,如:充当宾语就叫宾语从句,充当定语成分就叫定语从句。

    从以上定义中我们可以得出关于从句的一个最大特点:从句是句子。

    从句的共同特点:1.从句都有自己的连接词 2.从句都是陈述语序(陈述语序就是主语在前,谓语在后,如:He is a teacher主语 He 在谓语is之前,因此是陈述语序,而Is he a teacher? 主语 He 在谓语is之后,因此不是陈述语序。)

    1. 宾语从句

    宾语从句是指在一个句子中充当宾语的句子,如:He said that he wanted to be a teacher when he grew up.

    宾语从句的特点:

    ①宾语从句有自己的连接词

    ②宾语从句用陈述语序

    ③宾语从句的时态

    (1)宾语从句的连接词:宾语从句的连接词包括that、if/whether(是否)、特殊疑问词。

    (2)宾语从句的语序:

    A. 宾语从句的连接词后加陈述语序(主语在前,谓语在后),如:I want to know if he can come tomorrow

    B. 当连接词本身又是宾语从句的主语时,后面直接加谓语动词,如:She asked me who had helped him.

    (3)宾语从句的时态,只要记住以下口诀就可以了“主现则从任,主过则从过,客观真理一般现”

    A. 主现则从任:主句如果是一般现在时,则从句根据时间状语需要从八种时态中任选一种,如:1.He tells me he likes English very much(一般现在时)

    B. 主过则从过:主句如果是一般过去时,则从句根据时间状语需要从四种带“过”字的时态中任选一种,带“过”字的时态分别是如:一般过去时,过去进行时,过去将来时,过去完成时。

    如:He told me that he liked playing football(一般过去时)

    C. 客观真理一般现:客观真理永远用一般现在时。

    如:1.He says the moon goes around the earth.

    2. 状语从句

    (1)时间状语从句:在一个句子中作时间状语的句子。

    时间状语的连接词:when(当…时候) while(当…时候) as(当…时候) after(在…以后) before(在…以前) as soon as(一…就) since(自从…到现在) till /until(直到…

    才) by the time(到…为止)依旧是连接词后加陈述语序。

    举例:when当…的时候(一般情况下主句是将来时的时候,从句要用一般现在时。)

    Mozart started writing music when he was four years old.

    (2)原因状语从句:在一个句子中作原因状语的句子。

    连接词:由连词because, since, as引导, 也可由for, now that 等词引导。

    举例:I didn’t go to school yesterday because I was ill.

    (3)条件状语从句:在一个句子中作条件状语的句子。

    连接词:if如果, unless (=if not) 除非。(让步)

    举例:If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will go hiking.

    (4)目的、结果状语从句

    目的状语从句是指在一个句子中充当目的状语的句子。

    结果状语从句是指在一个句子中充当结果状语的句子

    目的状语从句连接词so that, so…that , in order that 引导。

    结果状语从句连接词 so…that, such…that, so much/many…that引导。

    举例:so…that 如此…以至于

    The scientist’s report was so instructive that we were all very excited.

    (5)让步状语从句

    让步状语从句是指在句子中作让步的状语的句子

    连接词: though, although.,whether…or not

    举例:Although he is rich, yet he is not happy.

    3.no matter从句

    结构:'no matter 特殊疑问词疑问词 陈述语序' 或'特殊疑问词 后缀ever 陈述语序'

    如:No matter what happened, he would not mind.

    注意:no matter 不能引导主语从句和宾语从句。

    3. 定语从句

    定语是指在句子中用来修饰名词、代词的成分。

    如:I will give my teacher a bunch of beautiful flower.(中beautiful就是定语)

    定语从句是指在一个句子中作定语的句子,定语从句要放在所修饰的词后

    如:I have met the doctor who is in the No.1 hospital.

    定语从句的连接词:

    连接代词:who、which、whom、whose、that

    连接副词:when、where、why

    好学优课中小学品牌教育专家

范文6:2018中考英语核心语法:6大词性、8大时态、3大从句【以文搜文】

    语法知识是在掌握一定量的单词和短语的基础上才能获得的。因此,单词的形态变化是语法学习的基础之基础。而八种基本时态和含有不复杂的状语从句、定语从句及宾语从句的复合句是初中生学习的重点也是语法学习的难点。

    总之,语法部分是英语学习的重点和难点。语法知识掌握得好,将大大加快英语学习的进程。本文归纳了六大词性、八种基本时态以及初中生需要掌握三种基本从句。希望对广大中学生们有所帮助。

    一. 词 法

    1. 名词

    (1)名词的可数与不可数

    可数名词指表示的人或事物可以用数来计量,它有单数与复数两种形式。不可数名词指所表示的事物不能用数来计量。物质名词与抽象名词一般无法用数目,来统计,都成为不可数名词。

    不可数名词前一般不能用冠词a、an来表示数量,没有复数形式。要表示“一个……”这一概念,就须加a piece of这一类短语。要注意许多名词在汉语里看来是可数名词,在英语里却不可数。如:chalk,paper,bread,rice,grass,news等。

    (2)名词复数的规则变化

    A.一般情况下加-s。

    B.以s, x, ch, sh, 结尾的加-es

    C.以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i再加-es

    D.以f,fe结尾的,去掉f或fe,变成v再加-es

    (3)名词的所有格

    A. 单数名词词尾加’s,复数名词词尾若没有s,也要加’s。

    如:the worker's bike,the Children’ s ball

    B. 表示几个人共有一样东西,只需在最后一个人的名字后加’ s若表示各自所有,则需在各个名字后’ s。

    如: This is Lucy and Licy’ s room.

    These are Kate's and jack’ s rooms.

    C. 如果是通过在词尾加—s构成的复数形式的名词,只加’。

    如:the students’ books,the girls’ blouses

    (另外:名词+of+名词名词是有生命的,我们就用’s结构来表示所有关系。如果名词所表示的事物是无生命的,我们就要用名词+of+名词的结构来表示所有关系。)

    2. 代词

    人称代词,物主代词,反身代词,指示代词,不定代词

    (1)人称代词

    第一人称单数

    I me my mine myself

    复数 we us our ours ourselves

    第二人称

    单数 you you your yours yourself

    复数 you you your yours yourselves

    第三人称

    单数 he him his his himself

    she her her hers herself

    it it its its itself

    复数 they them their theirs themselves

    (2)物主代词

    物主代词的用法:形容词性物主代词后面一定要跟上一个名词;

    名词性物主代词可作主语、表语、宾语。

    (3)反身代词

    反身代词的构成分两种:第一、二人称反身代词在形容词性物主代词后加上self或selves,第三人称的反身代词在宾格代词后加上self或selves.

    反身代词的用法:一种是作宾语,由主语发出的动作又回到动作者本身。如:I enjoyed myself at the party. 另一种是作名词或代词的同位语;用来加强语气。如:I can do it myself.

    (4)指示代词

    指示代词的特殊用法:

    (1)为了避免重复,可用that,those代替前面提到过的名词,但是this,these不可以。

    (2)this,that有时可代替句子或句子中的一部分。

    (5)不定代词

    one,some,any,other,another,all,both,each,neither,many,much等

    3. 冠词

    (1)不定冠词an用在元音读音开头(不是指元音字母)的词前,其余用不定冠词a.

    (2)定冠词的基本用法

    A. 用在重新提到的人或事物前面。

    B. 指谈话双方都知道的人或事物前面。

    C. 用在单数可数名词前面,表示某一类人或事物。

    (3)定冠词的特殊用法

    A. 用在世界上独一无二的事物或方位名词前。

    B. 用在序数词、形容词的最高级及only所修饰的名词前。

    C. 用在江河、海洋、山脉、湖泊、群岛的名称前面。

    D. 用在由普通名词和另外一些词所构成的专有名词前面。

    E. 用在姓氏的复数形式前面,表示全家人或这一姓的夫妇二人。

    F. 用在乐器名称前。

    G. 和某些形容词连用,表示某一类人或事物。

    (4)名词前不用冠词的情况

    A. 在专有名词 (包括人名、地名、节日、月份、季节) 、物质名词和抽象名词前—般不用冠词。但在以Festival组成的民间节日前要加the。

    B. 表示一类人或事物的复数名词前。

    C. 名词前有物主代词、指示代词、不定代词或名词所有格修饰时,不用冠词。

    D. 三餐饭、球类、棋类、游戏名称前一般不用冠词。正在有些词组中,有无冠词含义不同。

    (sit) at table就餐; sit at the table坐在桌边

    go to school去上学;go to the school去那所学校;in hospital住院;in the hospital在那个医院里

    4. 数词

    (1)数字的表示

    三位数数词要在百位和十位(若无十位则和个位)之间加and。

    1,000以上的数字,从后向前第三位数加一个“,”,第一个“,”前为thousand,第二个“,”前为million,第三个“,”前为billion。

    (2)序数词除了first,second,third外,其余都在基数词尾加-th构成。

    (3)分数分子在前,分母在后,分子用基数词,分母用序数词,当分子大于1小时,分母序数词要变成复数。

    (4)hundreds(thousands,millions)of……

    5. 形容词、副词

    (1)形容词的位置

    A. 形容词作定语一般要放在名词前面,但当形容词修饰不定代词something,nothing,anything时要放在所修饰的不定代词之后。如:something important,nothing serious。

    B. 当形容词带有表示度量的词或词组作定语或表语时,定语或表语要后置。如:

    We have dug a hole two meters deep.

    The hole is about two metres deep.

    (2)形容词的比较等级

    单音节词和少数双音节词,在词尾加—(e)r,—(e)st来构成比较级和最高级。其他双音节词和多音节词,在前面加more,most来构成比较级和最高级。如:

    popular———more popular———most popular

    important—more important—most important

    (3)副词的比较等级

    单音节副词和个别双音节副词通过加-er,-est来构成比较级和最高级。绝大多数副词借助more,most来构成比较级和最高级。

    (4)少数形容词和副词比较级/最高级的不规则变化:

    原级 比较级 最高级

    well —— better —— best

    badly —— worse —— worst

    much —— more —— most

    little —— less —— least

    far —— farther —— farthest

    farthest furthest

    late —— later —— latest

    (5)副词的最高级前面可以不加定冠词the。

    6. 介词

    (1)表示时间的介词及介词短语

    in, at, on, before,after,till,since,for, fromto, until, by,in the middle of,at the beginning of, at the end of,at half past five,at night,in a week,in the morning,in class,at sunrise, in spring/summer/autumn/winter,on Sunday,on Saturday afternoon,on a winter evening,for a long time,for two months,after school,since liberation,before lunch,at the time of,at the age of

    (2)表示地点的介词及介词短语

    in,at,into,to,on,beside,before,behind,above,under,outside,inside,up,from,far,from,near,across, off, down, among, past,between,out of,around,in the front of, in the middle of, at the back of,at the foot of,at home,at the gate,at the table,in the sky, on the ground,in a tree, in the south,in the sun,in the bed,on one’s way home,by the side of

    二. 八 种 基 本 时 态

    1. 一般现在时

    概念: 表示经常发生的动作或经常存在的状态。

    常和 always , often , usually , sometimes , every day 等表时间的状语连用。

    如:1) I go to school every day . 我每天都去学校。(表经常)

    2) He is always like that . 他总是那样。 (表状态)

    构成: 1) 主语 + be (am / are / is ) +……

    2) 主语 + 实义动词/三单动词 + …

    2.一般过去时

    概念: 1) 表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态.

    常和表示过去的时间状语连用. 如: yesterday , last week , in 1998 , two days ago等.

    如: I went to a movie yesterday. 我昨天去看了一场电影.

    2) 也可表示过去经常或反复发生的动作.

    如: He always went to work by bike last week.

    构成: 1) 主语 + be (was / were ) +……

    2) 主语 + 实义动词过去式 +

    3. 现在进行时

    概念: 表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作.

    如: He is singing.

    They are watching TV now.

    构成: 主语 + 助动词be(am/are/is) + 动词-ing形式构成.

    4. 过去进行时

    概念: 表示过去某一时刻或某一段时间正在进行的动作. 这一特定的过去时间除了有上下文暗示外,一般用时间状语来表示.

    如: 1) ---What were you doing?

    ---I was jumping.

    2) ---What was the boy doing when the UFO arrived?

    ---He was sleeping.

    构成: 主语 + 助动词be(was/were) + 动词-ing形式构成.

    5. 一般将来时

    概念: 表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复发生的动作,常与表示将来的时间状语连用,如: tomorrow, next week, next year, in the future等.

    如: He will go shopping tomorrow.

    They are going to play basketball next week.

    构成: 1) 主语 + 助动词will + 动原 +…

    2) 主语 + be going to + 动原 + ….

    6. 过去将来时

    概念: 表示在过去将来的某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态.

    构成: 1) 主语(第一人称) + 助动词should + 动原 +…

    2) 主语 + would + 动原 + ….

    3) 主语 + was/ were going to +动原…

    用法: 过去将来时除了上下文暗示外,一般常用在间接引语中,主句谓语动词为过去时态.

    如: 1) I should go.

    2) You knew I would come.

    3) They were going to Naning.

    7. 现在完成时

    构成: 主语 + 助动词 ( have / has ) + 动词过去分词 +…

    用法 例句

    表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果. ---Have you had your lunch yet?

    ---Yes, I have. (现在我不饿了)

    8. 过去完成时

    构成: 主语 + 助动词 had + 动词过去分词 +…

    用法 例句

    表示过去在过去某一时间或动作之前已经发生或完成了的动作.它表示的动作发生的时间是”过去的过去”.表示过去某一时间可用by, before 等构成的短语,也可用when, before, 等引导的从句或者通过上下文表示.

    I had finished my homework when my mom came back home.

    三. 三 种 基 本 从句

    从句的共同特点

    从句是指在一个句子中充当一个成分的句子,充当什么成分就叫什么从句,如:充当宾语就叫宾语从句,充当定语成分就叫定语从句。

    从以上定义中我们可以得出关于从句的一个最大特点:从句是句子。

    从句的共同特点:1.从句都有自己的连接词 2.从句都是陈述语序(陈述语序就是主语在前,谓语在后,如:He is a teacher主语 He 在谓语is之前,因此是陈述语序,而Is he a teacher? 主语 He 在谓语is之后,因此不是陈述语序。)

    1. 宾语从句

    宾语从句是指在一个句子中充当宾语的句子,如:He said that he wanted to be a teacher when he grew up.

    宾语从句的特点:

    ①宾语从句有自己的连接词

    ②宾语从句用陈述语序

    ③宾语从句的时态

    (1)宾语从句的连接词:宾语从句的连接词包括that、if/whether(是否)、特殊疑问词。

    (2)宾语从句的语序:

    A. 宾语从句的连接词后加陈述语序(主语在前,谓语在后),如:I want to know if he can come tomorrow

    B. 当连接词本身又是宾语从句的主语时,后面直接加谓语动词,如:She asked me who had helped him.

    (3)宾语从句的时态,只要记住以下口诀就可以了“主现则从任,主过则从过,客观真理一般现”

    A. 主现则从任:主句如果是一般现在时,则从句根据时间状语需要从八种时态中任选一种,如:1.He tells me he likes English very much(一般现在时)

    B. 主过则从过:主句如果是一般过去时,则从句根据时间状语需要从四种带“过”字的时态中任选一种,带“过”字的时态分别是如:一般过去时,过去进行时,过去将来时,过去完成时。

    如:He told me that he liked playing football(一般过去时)

    C. 客观真理一般现:客观真理永远用一般现在时。

    如:1.He says the moon goes around the earth.

    2. 状语从句

    (1)时间状语从句:在一个句子中作时间状语的句子。

    时间状语的连接词:when(当…时候) while(当…时候) as(当…时候) after(在…以后) before(在…以前) as soon as(一…就) since(自从…到现在) till /until(直到…

    才) by the time(到…为止)依旧是连接词后加陈述语序。

    举例:when当…的时候(一般情况下主句是将来时的时候,从句要用一般现在时。)

    Mozart started writing music when he was four years old.

    (2)原因状语从句:在一个句子中作原因状语的句子。

    连接词:由连词because, since, as引导, 也可由for, now that 等词引导。

    举例:I didn’t go to school yesterday because I was ill.

    (3)条件状语从句:在一个句子中作条件状语的句子。

    连接词:if如果, unless (=if not) 除非。(让步)

    举例:If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will go hiking.

    (4)目的、结果状语从句

    目的状语从句是指在一个句子中充当目的状语的句子。

    结果状语从句是指在一个句子中充当结果状语的句子

    目的状语从句连接词so that, so…that , in order that 引导。

    结果状语从句连接词 so…that, such…that, so much/many…that引导。

    举例:so…that 如此…以至于

    The scientist’s report was so instructive that we were all very excited.

    (5)让步状语从句

    让步状语从句是指在句子中作让步的状语的句子

    连接词: though, although.,whether…or not

    举例:Although he is rich, yet he is not happy.

    3.no matter从句

    结构:'no matter +特殊疑问词疑问词+陈述语序' 或'特殊疑问词+后缀ever+陈述语序'

    如:No matter what happened, he would not mind.

    注意:no matter 不能引导主语从句和宾语从句。

    3. 定语从句

    定语是指在句子中用来修饰名词、代词的成分。

    如:I will give my teacher a bunch of beautiful flower.(中beautiful就是定语)

    定语从句是指在一个句子中作定语的句子,定语从句要放在所修饰的词后

    如:I have met the doctor who is in the No.1 hospital.

    定语从句的连接词:

    连接代词:who、which、whom、whose、that

    连接副词:when、where、why

    ?文章来源:网络。本文版权归原创作者所有。

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范文7:英语词性分类及用法【以文搜文】

    一、词性的分类

    词类又叫词性,英语单词根据其在句子中的功用,可以分成十个大类。 1 名词 noun n. student 学生 2 代词 pronoun pron. you 你 3 形容词 adjective adj. happy 高兴的 4 副词 adverb adv. quickly 迅速地 5 动词 verb v. cut 砍、割 6 数词 numeral num. three 三 7 冠词 article art. a 一个 8 介词 preposition prep. at 在... 9 连词 conjunction conj. and 和 10 感叹词 interjection interj. oh 哦 前六类叫实词,后四类叫虚词。

    二、名词

    名词概论

    

    

    名词复数的规则变化

    其它名词复数的规则变化

    1) 以y结尾的专有名词,或元音字母+y 结尾的名词变复数时,直接加s变复数: 如:two Marys the Henrys monkey---monkeys holiday---holidays 2) 以o 结尾的名词,变复数时:

    a. 加s,如: photo---photos piano---pianos radio---radios zoo---zoos; b. 加es,如:potato—potatoes tomato—tomatoes 3) 以f或fe 结尾的名词变复数时: a. 加s,如: belief---beliefs roof---roofs safe---safes gulf---gulfs; b. 去f, fe 加-ves,如:half---halves

    knife---knives leaf---leaves wolf---wolves wife---wives life---lives thief---thieves; 名词复数的不规则变化

    1)child---children foot---feet tooth---teeth mouse---mice man---men woman---women 2)单复同形如:

    deer,sheep,fish,Chinese,Japanese 3)集体名词,以单数形式出现,但实为复数。

    如: people police cattle 等本身就是复数,不能说 a people,a police,a cattle,但可以说a person,a policeman,a head of cattle, the English,the British,the French,the Chinese,the Japanese,the Swiss 等名词,表示国民总称时,作复数用。 4)以s结尾,仍为单数的名词,如:

    maths,politics,physics等学科名词,为不可数名词,是单数。news 是不可数名词。 不同国家的人的单复数

    

    名词的格

    在英语中有些名词可以加"'s"来表示所有关系,带这种词尾的名词形式称为该名词的所有格,如:a teacher's book。名词所有格的规则如下:

    1) 单数名词词尾加"'s",复数名词词尾没有s,也要加"'s",如the boy's bag 男孩的书包,men's room 男厕所。

    2) 若名词已有复数词尾-s ,只加"'",如:the workers' struggle工人的斗争。

    3) 凡不能加"'s"的名词,都可以用"名词+of +名词"的结构来表示所有关系,如:the title of the song 歌的名字。

    4) 在表示店铺或教堂的名字或某人的家时,名词所有格的后面常常不出现它所修饰的名词,如:the barber's 理发店。

    5) 如果两个名词并列,并且分别有's,则表示"分别有";只有一个's,则表示'共有'。 如:John's and Mary's room(两间)John and Mary's room(一间)

    6) 复合名词或短语,'s 加在最后一个词的词尾。 如:a month or two's absence

    

    三、代词

    人称代词的用法:

    I saw her with them, at least, I thought it was her.

    我看到她和他们在一起,至少我认为是她。(her做宾语,them做介词宾语,her作主补) a. -- Who broke the vase?--谁打碎了花瓶?

    b. -- Me.--我。(me作主语补语= It's me.) 并列人称代词的排列顺序

    1) 单数人称代词并列作主语时,其顺序为:

    第二人称 -> 第三人称 -> 第一人称you -> he/she; it -> I 2) 复数人称代词作主语时,其顺序为:

    第一人称 -> 第二人称 -> 第三人称we->you ->They 反身代词 1)

    

    

    指示代词

    指示代词分单数(this / that)和复数(these / those)两种形式,既可作限定词又可做代词, 疑问代词

    指人: who, whom, whose指物: what既可指人又可指物: which 代词比较辩异one, that和it

    one表示泛指,that和it 表示特指。that与所指名词为同类,但不是同一个,而it 与所指名词为同一个。

    I can't find my hat. I think I must buy one.(不定)

    The hat you bought is bigger than that I bought.(同类但不同个)

    I can't find my hat. I don' t know where I put it.( 同一物)

    四、冠词

    不定冠词的用法

    不定冠词a (an)与数词one 同源,是"一个"的意思。 定冠词的用法

    定冠词the与指示代词this,that同源,有"那(这)个"的意思。 1)特指双方都明白的人或物:Take the medicine.把药吃了。

    2)上文提到过的人或事: He bought a house. I've been to the house. 3)指世上独一物二的事物:the sun, the sky, the moon, the earth 4)单数名词连用表示一类事物,如:the dollar 美元;

    the fox 狐狸;或与形容词或分词连用,表示一类人:the rich 富人; the living 生者。 5)用在序数词和形容词最高级,及形容词only, very, same等前面: Where do you live? I live on the second floor.你住在哪?我住在二层。 6)与复数名词连用,指整个群体:

    They are the teachers of this school.指全体教师) They are teachers of this school.(指部分教师)

    7)表示所有,相当于物主代词,用在表示身体部位的名词前: She caught me by the arm..她抓住了我的手臂。

    8)用在某些由普通名词构成的国家名称、机关团体、阶级、等专有名词前: the People's Republic of China中华人民共和国

    9)用在表示乐器的名词之前:She plays the piano.她会弹钢琴。

    10) 用在姓氏的复数名词之前,表示一家人:the Greens格林一家人 (或格林夫妇) 11) 用在惯用语中:

    in the day, in the morning (afternoon,evening),the day after tomorrow the day before yesterday, the next morning, in the sky (water,field,country) in the dark, in the rain, in the distance, in the middle (of),in the end,

    on the whole, by the way, go to the theatre 零冠词的用法 冠词与形容词+名词结构

    1) 两个形容词都有冠词,表示两个不同东西。

    He raises a black and a white cat.他养了一只黑猫和一只白猫。 2) 如后一个形容词无冠词,则指一物。

    He raises a black and white cat.他养了一只花猫。 冠词位置

    1) 不定冠词位置 不定冠词常位于名词或名词修饰语前。注意: a. 位于下列形容词之后: such,what,many,half, such an animal; Many a man

    b. 当名词前的形容词被副词as, so, too, how, however, enough修饰时,不定冠词应放在形容词之后:It is as pleasant a day as I have ever spent. c. quite,rather与单数名词连用,冠词放在其后。

    但当rather,quite 前仍有形容词,不定冠词放其前后均可。如:quite a lot

    d. 在as,though 引导的让步状语从句中,当标语为形容词修饰的名词时,不定冠词放形容词后: Brave a man though he is,he trembles at the sight of snakes. 当名词被比较级形容词修饰时,不定冠词通常置于比较级形容词之后。

    2) 定冠词位置 定冠词通常位于名词或名词修饰语前,但放在all, both,double,half,twice,three times等词之后,名词之前。

    All the students in the class went out.班里的所有学生都出去了。

    五、数词

    表示数目多少的数词叫基数词;表示顺序的数词叫序数词。 数词的用法 1)倍数表示法

    a. 主语+谓语+倍数(或分数)+ as + adj. + as I have three times as many as you.我有你三倍那么多。 b. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ the size (amount,length…) of… The earth is 49 times the size of the moon.地球是月球的49倍。 c. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ 形容词(副词)比较级+ than… The grain output is 8 percent higher this year than that of last year. d. 还可以用by+倍数,表示增加多少倍

    The production of grain has been increased by four times this year. 2)分数表示法

    构成:基数词代表分子,序数词代表分母。分子大于1时,分子的序数词用单数,分母序

    数词用复数:1/3 one-third ; 3/37 three and three-sevenths

    六、形容词及其用法

    形容词作定语修饰名词时,要放在名词的前边。但是如果形容词修饰以-thing为字尾的词语时,要放在这些词之后,例如:

    something nice 以-ly结尾的形容词

    1)friendly,deadly,lovely,lonely,likely,lively,ugly,brotherly,仍为形容词。 2)有些以-ly 结尾既为形容词,也为副词。 daily,weekly,monthly,yearly,early

    The Times is a daily paper. The Times is published daily. 用形容词表示类别和整体

    某些形容词加上定冠词可以泛指一类人,与谓语动词的复数连接。如:the dead,the living,the rich,the poor,the blind,the hungry 多个形容词修饰名词的顺序

    限定词--数词--描绘词--(大小,长短,形状,新旧,颜色) --出处--材料性质,类别--名词 a small round table;a tall gray building;a dirty old brown shirt;a famous German medical school 典型例题:

    1) Tony is going camping with ___ boys.

    A. little two other B. two little other C. two other little D. little other two答案:C。 2)One day they crossed the ____bridge behind the palace.

    A. old Chinese stone B. Chinese old stone C. old stone Chinese D. Chinese stone old答案A.

    3) ---- How was your recent visit to Qingdao?

    ---- It was great. We visited some friends,and spent the ___days at the seaside.

    A. few last sunny B. last few sunny C. last sunny few D. few sunny last答案:B。

    七、副词及其基本用法

    副词的排列顺序:

    时间,地点副词,小单位的在前,大单位在后。

    注意:副词enough要放在形容词的后面,形容词enough放在名词前后都可。 I don't know him well enough.

    There is enough food for everyone to eat. There is food enough for everyone to eat. 兼有两种形式的副词 1) close与closely

    close意思是"近"; closely 意思是"仔细地" He is sitting close to me. Watch him closely. 2)late 与lately

    late意思是"晚"; lately 意思是"最近"

    You have come too late. What have you been doing lately? 3)deep与deeply

    deep意思是"深",表示空间深度;deeply时常表示感情上的深度,"深深地"

    He pushed the stick deep into the mud. Even father was deeply moved by the film. 4)high与highly

    high表示空间高度;highly表示程度,相当于much

    The plane was flying high. I think highly of your opinion. 5)wide与widely

    wide表示空间宽度;widely意思是"广泛地","在许多地方"

    He opened the door wide. English is widely used in the world. 6)free与freely

    free的意思是"免费";freely 的意思是"无限制地"

    You can eat free in my restaurant whenever you like. You may speak freely; say what you like. 形容词与副词的比较级 1) 规则变化

    单音节词和少数双音节词,加词尾-er,-est来构成比较级和最高级。

    

    

    2) 不规则变化

    可修饰比较级的词

    a bit, a little, rather, much, far, by far, many, a lot, lots, a great deal, any, still, even等 典型例题:

    1)---- Are you feeling ____? ---- Yes,I'm fine now.

    

    A. any well B. any better C. quite good D. quite better

    答案:B. any 可修饰比较级,quite修饰原级,well的比较级为better. 2)The experiment was____ easier than we had expected. A. more B. much more C. much D. more much

    答案:C. much可修饰比较级,因此B,C都说得通,但easier本身已是比较级,不需more,因此C为正确答案。

    3)If there were no examinations, we should have ___ at school. A. the happiest time B. a more happier time

    C. much happiest time D. a much happier time答案:D。 和more有关的词组

    1) the more… the more…越……就越……

    The harder you work,the greater progress you'll make. 2) more B than A与其说A不如说B He is more lazy than slow at his work.

    3) no more… than… 与……一样……,不比……多 The officials could see no more than the Emperor. no less… than…与……一样…… He is no less diligent than you. 4) more than不只是,非常 She is more than kind to us all. 典型例题

    1)The weather in China is different from____.

    A. in America B. one in America C. America D. that in America

    答案:D. 本题意为"中国的天气比美国热。"比较的是天气而不是国家,C不能选。A没有名词,后句成分不全,排除。B和D中,B中的one常用来代替可数名词,而that可车以代替不可数或抽象名词,所以选D。

    2)After the new technique was introduced,the factory produced ___ tractors in 1988 as the year before. A. as twice many B. as many twice C. twice as many D. twice many as

    答案C. 此句意为"这个厂1988能生产的拖拉机是往年的两倍"。 表示倍数用"倍数+ as + 形

    容词原形+ as +比较对象"的句型。所以此句答案为C。 This ruler is three times as long as that one

    八、动词

    动词根据其后是否带有宾语,可分为两类,分别是:及物动词(Transitive Verb)、不及物

    动词(Intransitive Verb),缩写形式分别为vt. 和vi.。 系动词

    1)状态系动词:用来表示主语状态,只有be一词,例如:He is a teacher.

    2)持续系动词:用来表示主语继续或保持一种状况或态度,主要有keep, rest, remain, stay, lie, stand, 例如:He always kept silent at meeting.他开会时总保持沉默。

    3)表像系动词:用来表示"看起来像"这一概念,主要有seem, appear, look, 例如: He looks tired.他看起来很累。

    4)感官系动词:感官系动词主要有feel, smell, sound, taste, 例如: This kind of cloth feels very soft. This flower smells very sweet.

    5)变化系动词:这些系动词表示主语变成什么样,变化系动词有become, grow, turn, fall, get, go, come, run. 例如:He became mad after that.自那之后,他疯了。

    6)终止系动词:表示主语已终止动作,主要有prove, turn out, 表达"证实","变成"之意,

    例如:The search proved difficult.搜查证实很难。

    非谓语动词

    1)不定式

    

    

    2)动名词

    3)分词

    

    否定形式: not +不定式,not + 动名词,not + 现在分词

    九、特殊词精讲

    stop doing/to do

    stop to do停止,中断做某事后去做另一件事。stop doing停止做某事。 They stop to smoke a cigarette. I must stop smoking.

    典型例题She reached the top of the hill and stopped ___on a big rock by the side of the path.

    A. to have restedB. restingC. to restD. rest答案:C。 forget doing/to do

    forget to do忘记要去做某事。(未做)forget doing忘记做过某事。(已做) The light in the office is stil on. He forgot to turn it off. He forgot turning the light off.

    典型例题---- The light in the office is still on.

    ---- Oh,I forgot___.

    A. turning it off B. turn it off C. to turn it off D. having turned it off答案:C。 remember doing/to do

    remember to do 记得去做某事 (未做)remember doing记得做过某事(已做) Remember to go to the post office after school.

    Don't you remember seeing the man before? regret doing/to do

    regret to do对要做的事遗憾。(未做)regret doing对做过的事遗憾、后悔。(已做) I regret to have to do this, but I have no choice. I don't regret telling her what I thought. 典型例题

    ---You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting. ---Well, now I regret ___ that.

    

    thirty miles an hour 每小时三十英里

    4、在what time前的at经常被省略,尤其在口语中。

    (At)what time did she say she was coming?她说她几点钟来?

    5、含有height(高度),length(长度),size(尺码),shape(现状),age(年龄),colour(颜色),weight(重量)等词语在句子中做表语时,短语前不用介词。

    She is just the right height to be a model 她的身高正合适当模特。

    What size are your shoes? 你的鞋是多大号的?

    Her bag is the same color as mine 她的包和我的包颜色一样

    6、在in the same way,in this way,in another way等短语中,in常常被省略 Please try it again (in)the same way 请用同样的方法再试一次

    7、在表示持续一段时间的短语中,for常被省略

    They stayed there (for)six months 他们在那里待了6个月

    介词用法口诀

    早、午、晚要用in,at黎明、午夜、点与分。

    年、月、年月、季节、周,阳光、灯、影、衣、帽in。

    将来时态in...以后,小处at大处in。

    有形with无形by,语言、单位、材料in。

    特征、方面与方式,心情成语惯用in。

    介词at和to表方向,攻击、位置、恶、善分。

    日子、日期、年月日,星期加上早、午、晚,

    收音、农场、值日on,关于、基础、靠、著论。

    着、罢、出售、偷、公、假,故意、支付、相反,准。

    特定时日和"一……就",on后常接动名词。

    年、月、日加早、午、晚,of之前on代in。

    步行、驴、马、玩笑on,cab,carriage则用in。

    at山脚、门口、在当前,速、温、日落、价、核心。

    工具、和、同随with,具有、独立、就、原因。

    就……来说宾译主,对、有、方状、表细分。

    海、陆、空、车、偶、被by,单数、人类know to man。

    this、that、tomorrow,yesterday,next、last、one。

    接年、月、季、星期、周,介词省略已习惯。

    over、under正上下,above、below则不然,

    若与数量词连用,混合使用亦无关。'

    beyond超出、无、不能,against靠着,对与反。 besides,except分内外,among之内along沿。 同类比较except,加for异类记心间。

    原状because of,、 owing to、 due to表语形容词 under后接修、建中,of、from物、化分。

    before、after表一点, ago、later表一段。

    before能接完成时,ago过去极有限。

    since以来during间,since时态多变换。

    与之相比beside,除了last but one。

    复不定for、找、价、原,对、给、段、去、为、作、赞。 快到、对、向towards,工、学、军、城、北、上、南。 but for否定用虚拟,复合介词待后言。

    ing型由于鉴,除了除外与包合。

    之后、关于、在......方面,有关介词须记全。

    in内to外表位置,山、水、国界to在前。

    动词与介词(或副词)的搭配

    add…to 加到……上 agree with 同意(某人)

    arrive at(in) 到达 ask for 询问

    begin…with 从……开始 believe in 相信

    break into 闯入 break off 打断

    break out 爆发 bring down 降低

    bring in 引进 bring up 教育,培养

    build up 建起 burn down 烧光

    call back 回电话 call for 要求约请

    call in 召来 call on 拜访 访问

    care for 喜欢 carry on 继续开展

    carry out 实行开展 check out 查明 结帐

    clear up 整理,收拾 come about 发生,产生 come across (偶然)遇见 come out 出来 ask for 寻求

    talk about sth 谈论某事

    arrive at(in)到达(某地)

    call on(sb)拜访,看望(某人)

    look for寻找

    wait for等待

    stay with sb和某人待在一起

    depend on依赖

    come to 共计 达到 compare…with 与……比较 compare to 比作 cut off 切断

    date from 始于 depend on 依靠

    devote to 献于 die out 灭亡

    divide up 分配 dream of 梦想

    fall off 下降 fall over 跌倒

    feed on 以……为食 get down to 专心于 get through 通过 give in 让步,屈服

    动词与形容词的搭配

    be late for 迟到

    be good at 擅长

    be interested in 对...感到兴趣

    be angry with 对...生气

    be full of 充满

    be sorry for 对...感到抱歉

    be afraid of害怕

    be proud of ······而自豪,骄傲

    be kind(nice) to sb对某人亲切(有好) be sorry for为·····而抱歉

    be fond of爱好

    be different from与·····不同 动词与名词的搭配

    on time 按时

    by bus 坐公共汽车

    on foot 走路

    on one’s way to 在某人回家的路上 in trouble 陷入麻烦

    转载请保留出处,http://www.wendangku.net/doc/191bad52f01dc281e53af0c0.html

范文8:英语十类词性分类及用法【以文搜文】

    ?英语语法最最基础的就是词性了!!

    因为后续的各种时态变化、从句很多的考点都是结合词性才产生的!要想学好语法,那就一定要打牢词性这个基础!

    我们总结整理了初中英语常考此类的详解+用法+考点,这个很有必要收藏起来! 觉得有用,就转发给身边的小伙伴吧!

    一、词性的分类

    词类又叫词性,英语单词根据其在句子中的功用,可以分成十个大类。

    1.名词noun n. student 学生

    2.代词pronoun pron. you 你

    3.形容词adjective adj. happy 高兴的

    4.副词 adverb adv. quickly 迅速地

    5.动词verb v. cut 砍、割

    6.数词numeral num. three 三

    7.冠词article art. a 一个

    8.介词preposition prep. at 在...

    9.连词conjunction conj. and 和

    10.感叹词interjection interj. oh 哦

    前六类叫实词,后四类叫虚词。

    二、名词

    名词复数的规则变化

    

    名词的格

    在英语中有些名词可以加“'s”来表示所有关系,带这种词尾的名词形式称为该名词的所有格,如:a teacher’s book。

    名词所有格的规则如下:

    1)单数名词词尾加“'s”,复数名词词尾没有s,也要加“'s”,如the boy's bag 男孩的书包,men’s room 男厕所。

    2)若名词已有复数词尾-s ,只加“'”,如:the workers’ struggle工人的斗争。

    三、代词

    大多数代词具有名词和形容词的功能。

    英语中的代词,按其意义、特征及在句中的作用分为:人称代词、物主代词、指示代词、反身代词、相互代词、疑问代词、关系代词、连接代词和不定代词九种

    人称代词的用法:

    I saw her with them, at least, I thought it was her.我看到她和他们在一起,至少我认为是她。(her做宾语,them做介词宾语,her作主补)

    a. -- Who broke the vase?--谁打碎了花瓶?

    b. -- Me.--我。

    并列人称代词的排列顺序

    1) 单数人称代词并列作主语时,其顺序为:

    第二人称 you

    第三人称 he/she; it

    第一人称 I

    如:You, he and I should return on time.

    2) 复数人称代词作主语时,其顺序为:

    第一人称 we

    第二人称 you

    第三人称 they

    反身代词

    指示代词

    指示代词分单数(this / that)和复数(these / those)两种形式,既可作限定词又可做代词,

    疑问代词

    指人:who, whom, whose

    指物: what

    既可指人又可指物: which

    四、冠词

    冠词是位于名词或名词词组之前或之后,在句子里主要是对名词起限定作用的词。冠词是一种虚词。

    不定冠词a (an)与数词one 同源,是“一个”的意思。

    定冠词的用法

    定冠词the与指示代词this,that同源,有“那(这)个”的意思。

    1)特指双方都明白的人或物:Take the medicine.把药吃了。

    2)上文提到过的人或事: He bought a house. I’ve been to the house.

    3)指世上独一物二的事物:the sun, the sky, the moon, the earth(敲黑板,这个是经常会在选择题中考到的知识点)

    4)单数名词连用表示一类事物,如:the dollar 美元;the fox 狐狸;

    5)用在序数词和形容词最高级,及形容词only, very, same等前面:

    Where do you live? I live on the second floor.你住在哪?我住在二层。

    6)与复数名词连用,指整个群体:

    They are the teachers of this school.指全体教师)

    They are teachers of this school.(指部分教师)

    7)用在专有名词前:

    the People's Republic of China中华人民共和国

    8) 用在姓氏的复数名词之前,表示一家人:the Greens格林一家人 (或格林夫妇)

    五、数词

    表示数目多少的数词叫基数词;表示顺序的数词叫序数词。

    序数词表示排列的顺序

    序数词的缩写形式为阿拉伯数字加序数词的最后两个字母.如: first---1st;second---2nd; third-3rd;

    thirty-first---31st

    基数词变序数词的巧记口诀

    一,二,三要全变;(one-first; two-second;three- third)

    其余都加th,

    th里有例外,8去t,(eight-eighth) 9去e(nine-ninth)

    字母f代ve(five-fifth; twelve-twelfth);ty变成tie(twenty-twentieth)

    若要变化几十几,只变个位就可以(twenty-one-twenty-first)

    数次的用法

    1)倍数表示法

    a. 主语+谓语+倍数(或分数)+ as + adj. + as

    I have three times as many as you.我有你三倍那么多。

    b. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ the size (amount,length…) of…

    The earth is 49 times the size of the moon.地球是月球的49倍。

    c. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ 形容词(副词)比较级+ than…

    The grain output is 8 percent higher this year than that of last year.

    d. 还可以用by+倍数,表示增加多少倍

    The production of grain has been increased by four times this year.

    2)分数表示法

    构成:基数词代表分子,序数词代表分母。分子大于1时,分子的序数词用单数,分母序数词用复数:1/3 one-third ; 3/37 three and three-sevenths

    六、形容词及其用法

    主要用来修饰名词的词,表示事物的特征。

    形容词用来修饰名词或代词,表示人或事物的性质、状态,和特征的程度好坏,与否。

    形容词作定语修饰名词时,要放在名词的前边。但是如果形容词修饰以-thing为字尾的词语时,要放在这些词之后,例如:something nice

    以-ly结尾的形容词

    1)friendly,deadly,lovely,lonely,likely,lively,ugly,brotherly,仍为形容词。

    2)有些以-ly 结尾既为形容词,也为副词。

    daily,weekly,monthly,yearly,early

    The Times is a daily paper. The Times is published daily.

    用形容词表示类别和整体

    某些形容词加上定冠词可以泛指一类人,与谓语动词的复数连接。

    如:the dead,the living,the rich,the poor,the blind,the hungry

    七、副词及其基本用法

    副词(adverb,简写为adv)是一种用来修饰动词、形容词、全句的词,说明时间、地点、程度、方式等概念的词。副词是一种半虚半实的词。

    副词可分为:地点副词、方式副词、程度副词、疑问副词和连接副词。

    兼有两种形式的副词

    1) close与closely

    close意思是“近”; closely 意思是“仔细地”

    He is sitting close to me. Watch him closely.

    2)late 与lately

    late意思是“晚”; lately 意思是“最近”

    You have come too late. What have you been doing lately?

    形容词与副词的比较级

    大多数形容词(性质形容词)和副词有比较级和最高级的变化,即原级、比较级和最高级,用来表示事物的等级差别。原级即形容词的原形,比较级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化两种。

    1) 规则变化

    构成法原级比较级最高级

    一般单音节词未尾加-er,-esttall(高的)tallertallest

    great(巨大的)greatergreatest

    以不发音的e结尾的单音词和少数以- le结尾的双音节词只加-r,-stnice(好的)nicernicest

    large(大的)largerlargest

    able(有能力的)ablerablest

    以一个辅音字母结尾的闭音节单音节词,双写结尾的辅音字母,再加-er,-estbig(大的)biggerbiggest

    hot热的)hotterhottest

    '以辅音字母+y'结尾的双音节词,改y为i,再加 -er,-esteasy(容易的)easiereasiest

    busy(忙的)busierbusiest

    少数以-er,-ow结尾的双音节词未尾加-er,-estclever(聪明的)cleverercleverest

    narrow(窄的)narrowernarrowest

    其他双音节词和多音节词,在前面加more,most来构成比较级和最高级。important(重要的)more importantmost important

    easily(容易地)more easilymost easily

    2) 不规则变化

    有少数形容词、副词的比较级和最高级是不规则的,必须熟记。如:

    good→ better→ best

    well→ better→ best

    bad→ worse→ worst

    ill→ worse→ worst

    old→ older/elder→ oldest/eldest

    many/much→ more→ most

    little→ less→ least

    far→ further/farther→ furthest/farthest

    八、动词

    动词根据其后是否可直接跟宾语,可分为两类,分别是:及物动词(可直接跟宾语)、不及物动词(不能直接跟宾语,若要跟宾语,必须加上某个介词)。

    系动词

    1)状态系动词:用来表示主语状态,只有be一词,例如:He is a teacher.

    2)持续系动词:用来表示主语继续或保持一种状况或态度,主要有keep, rest, remain, stay, lie, stand,

    例如:He always kept silent at meeting.

    他开会时总保持沉默。

    3)表像系动词:用来表示“看起来像”这一概念,主要有seem, appear, look,

    例如:He looks tired.他看起来很累。

    4)感官系动词:感官系动词主要有feel, smell, sound, taste,

    例如:This kind of cloth feels very soft.

    This flower smells very sweet.

    5)变化系动词:这些系动词表示主语变成什么样,变化系动词有become, grow, turn, fall, get, go, come, run.

    例如:He became mad after that.自那之后,他疯了。

    6)终止系动词:表示主语已终止动作,主要有prove, turn out, 表达“证实”,“变成”之意,

    例如:The search proved difficult.搜查证实很难。

    九、连词

    连词是一种虚词, 它不能独立担任句子成分而只起连接词与词,短语与短语以及句与句的作用。

    连词主要可分为两类:并列连词和从属连词。

    并列连词用来连接平行的词、词组和分句。

    如:and, but, or, nor, so, therefore, yet, however, for, hence, as well as, both…and, not only…but also, either…or, neither…nor, (and)then等等。

    比较so和 such

    such 是形容词,修饰名词或名词词组。

    so是副词,只能修饰形容词或副词。so 还可与表示数量的形容词many,few,much, little连用,形成固定搭配。

    so + adj. such + a(n) + n.

    so + adj. + a(n) + n. such + n. (pl.)

    so + adj. + n. (pl.) such +n. (pl.)

    so + adj. + n. [不可数] such +n. [不可数]

    so foolish ;such a fool

    so nice a flower;such a nice flower

    so many/ few flowers;such nice flowers

    so much/little money;such rapid progress

    so many people ;such a lot of people

    十、介词

    介词是一种用来表示词与词、词与句之间的关系的虚词,在句中不能单独作句子成分。

    介词后面一般有名词代词或相当于名词的其他词类,短语或从句作它的宾语。

    介词和它的宾语构成介词词组,在句中作状语,表语,补语或介词宾语。

    介词的分类

    地点(位置、范围)介词

    above在…前, about在…附近, across在…对面, after在…后面, against倚着..., along在…近旁, among在…中间, around在…周围, round在….周围, at在…处, before在...前, behind在...后, below低于..., beside在...旁边, between在...之间, by在...旁, down在...下面, from来自..., in在...里面, inside在...里面,等等。

    方向(目标趋向)介词

    across横越..., against对抗..., along沿着..., around绕着..., round环绕..., at朝着..., behind向…后面, etween…and…从…到...,by路过/通过..., down向…下, for向..., from从/离..., in进入..., into进入..., inside到...里面, near接近..., off脱离/除..., on向...上, out of向...外, outside向....外, over跨过..., past经过/超过..., through穿过..., to向/朝..., towards朝着..., on to到...上面, onto到...上面, up向...上, away from远离...

    时间介词

    about大约..., after在…以后, at在… (时刻), before在…以前, by到…为止, during在…期间, for有…(之久), from从…(时)起, in在(上/下午);在(多久)以后, on在(某日), past过了…(时), since自从…(至今), through 贯穿…(期间), till直到…时, until直到…时, to到(下一时刻), ever since从那时起至今,at the beginning of在...开始时 ,at the end of在...末 , in the middle of在...当中 ,at the time of在...时

    方式介词

    as作为/当作..., by用/由/乘坐/被..., in用…(语言), like与…一样, on骑(车)/徒(步),通过(收音机/电视机), over通过(收音机), through通过..., with用(材料),用(手/脚/耳/眼), without没有…

    涉及介词

    about关于..., except除了…, besides除了…还... for对于/就…而言, in在…(方面), of…的,有关..., on关于/有关..., to对…而言, towards针对..., with就…而言

    其它介词

    【目的介词】 for为了..., from防止…, to为了…

    【原因介词】 for因为..., with由于…, because of因为...

    【比较介词】 as与…一样,like象…一样,than比...,to与…相比, unlike与…不同

    文章来源:网络。本文版权归原创作者所有。0 收藏 分享

范文9:【知识点】中考英语1600轻松:单词 词组 句型(XZ【以文搜文】

    【知识点】中考英语1600词轻松记:单词+词组+句型(X—Z)

    2017-02-18 中考英语 中考英语

    微信号 zkyy100

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    ——

    

    X

    X-ray n. X光;X射线

    Y

    

    Z

    1. zebra n. 斑马

    2. zero num.零 n.零点,零度

    3. zoo n. 动物园

    注意: 复数加 ‘s’ 而不是 ‘es’

    There are four zoos in this province. 这个省有四个动物园。

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范文10:中考英语词性转换300题【以文搜文】

中考英语词性转化300题—--提高篇

I. Complete the sentences with the given words in their proper forms(用所给单词的适当形式完成句子):

1. Would you mind making a little less _____? They are having a meeting at the moment. (noisy)

2. The Smiths live on the __________ floor of the highrise. (nine)

3. All the great __________ are respected(尊敬)by the world. (invent)

4. My pet is a ______ cat. She is very lovely. (male)

5. I’ll do my homework more __________ next time. (care)

6. When you study a foreign language, it’s important to make a good _________. (begin)

7. Everyone knows such kind of books is ___________ to children. They shouldn’t be sold at any bookstore. (harm)

8. In the past punishment(惩罚)was decided by the university. The student had no ___________ but to accept it. (choose)

9. Our teacher told us the ___________ story I had ever heard at yesterday’s class meeting. (sad)

10. The __________ Lesson is very difficult but very important. You must learn it by heart.(twelve)

11. They looked very _____ in the idea. (interest)

12. After they got on the bus, they found two _______. (sit)

13. Help __________ to the fish, everyone. (you)

14. What we have had is just part of the truth. We should try to get __________ information about it. (far)

15. A ___________ sight stopped them from going forward. (frighten)

16. He seemed very _________. He got a D in the English test. (happy)

17. Before you start this work, you should try to realize its _________. (important)

18. March 8 is _________ Day. (woman)

19. This book belongs to you. Where is _____? (me)

20. The visitors are ________ students. (main)

21. Do you know about the ___ of the book? (write)

22. Can you show me your ___ of coins? (collect)

23. To my ________, I got full marks for maths last week. (surprised)

24. In this new housing estate there stand a lot of high and magnificent _________. (build)

25. In winter, most of the rivers and lakes are _________. It becomes a world of ice. (freeze)

26. Then he slowly walked _____ the house. (pass)

27. Do you know who is the __________ of the English contest? (win)

28. Peter is very ______. I’m sure he will come to take care of your baby when he’s asked to. (help)

29. The Yangtze River is the _________ longest river in the world. (three)

30. __________ to meet all of you here. (please)

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31. Now more and more gardens are being built in our __________. (neighbour)

32. It’s very important for us to learn English __________. (good)

33. Both our teacher and my mother are satisfied with my ___________. (honest)

34. Oliver Twist ate the cake ___________. (hungry)

35. Of all the boys, Li Ming studies ______. (hard)

36. We are all pleased to hear that the _________ went on very well. ( operate)

37. The children in this kindergarten have been trained to take care of ___________ though they are only six years old. (they)

38. Could you tell me who will give us a ___________ on children’s education? (speak)

39. These modern machines work . (automatic)

40. This cartoon film is _________ than the one I saw last Saturday. (fun)

41. Will you please tell me how much the ___________ is? (post)

42. The twin sisters used to be __________ in Hollywood. (act)

43. Actions speak more _____ than words. (loud)

44. I am _______ about my schoolwork because I haven't worked hard this term. (worry)

45. Your pet dog is so __________ that all of us like to play with it. (love)

46. It has been snowing ___ for a whole day. (heavy)

47. We have been told the ______ of the case. (true)

48. Have you made your ________ yet? (decide)

49. People from Italy are called ___________. (Italy)

50. I _________ where he comes from. (wonderful)

51. The weather in April is _________, so you’d better take more clothes with you. (change)

52. Ferries come and go on the river as ___________ as boats. (quick)

53. Listen, everybody, we will meet at the ________ of the cinema at 4 pm. (enter)

54. You cannot eat so much fast food, because it is ___________. (health)

55. It is reported that three __________ have been put into prison. (Canada)

56. Time flies _________ and never returns. (swift)

57. We saw her running _________ the street just now. (cross)

58. Do English people shake hands as often as _______? (Germany)

59. We all know that there’s no _________ thing on the moon. (live)

60. In order to make the trip ____________ for his children, Mr. Green kept the name of the destination (目的地) a secret. (excite)

61. A _________ team from China will arrive in America next week. (medicine)

62. This morning I lost my handbag and this afternoon I fell off my bike and broke my leg. I think it is an __________ day. (luck)

63. Many students are not able to pay their college ________. (expensive)

64. British people eat a large number of 65. She seems an __________ girl. (honesty)

66. We tried all sorts of __________, but they were all useless. (medical)

67. The digital (数码) camera is one of the __________ of the modern science. (wonderfully)

68. I wouldn’t do business with such a __________ man. (fool)

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69. Carl looks much ________ than before. (health)

70. I was _________ to meet Jane in a foreign country. (surprise)

71. The mother was _________ to the brave man who had saved her son. (thank)

72. I happened to meet a group of __________ on my way home yesterday. (France)

73. The little boy can run a marathon in __________ than three hours. (little)

74. I was told that my class teacher’s daughter would leave __________ school this July. (second)

75. It’s a _________ to have a picnic with all the family members. (please)

76. The lost calculator has been returned to its __________. (own)

77. Be sure to let me know whenever you are in __________. ( dangerous)

78. The completion (完成) of the big bridge made every one of us _________ and happy. (exciting)

79. The __ is not so good as we expected. (perform)

80. What a __________ day it is today! Shall we go to have a picnic in the countryside? (sun)

81. The tall _________ is one of my father’s best friends. (art)

82. Have you decided to take the headmaster’s __________? (advise)

83. Even __________, he lost his job. (bad)

84. Please answer the ________ questions. (follow)

85. Many people became after the fire. (home)

86. The of the restaurant is quite good. (serve)

87. _________ speaking, the computer has become an important part of our life. (general)

88. I thought the _________ was quite dull at yesterday’s party. (recite)

89. The ________ of the river is still a secret. (long)

90. No one knew why the baby kept . (cry)

91. Life today is becoming harder and busier, so everyone should have his own way of __________. (relax)

92. In _________ to hard work, we need some good ways to succeed. (add)

93. I am fond of _________ fiction. (scientist)

94. It’s __ of you to make such a decision. (wisdom)

95. Quite a few __________ houses have been built for the tourists around the lake. (wood)

96. The passenger plane landed at last after flying in the storm for about one hour. (safe)

97. My family have been to Beijing __________ to climb the Great Wall. (two)

98. One shouldn’t give up easily if he is determined to __________. (success)

99. Laura’s husband works as a __________ in a bank. (message)

100. The harder you work; the _________ progress you’ll make. (great) 101. It will ______ rain this afternoon. (impossible)

102. People from different _________ come together to visit the famous museum. (country)

103. He can do everything on ______ own. (he)

104. About two _________ ride in the bus will take you to the seaside. (hour) 105. I would like to buy three kilos of ___. (tomato)

3

106. What nice __________! Let’s put them on the walls of the meeting room. (paint)

107. How often do you take your son to the __________ Palace? (child)

108. In the ___________ century, science is developing very fast. (twenty-one) 109. To be ____________, I think you didn’t sing as well as Jack. (honesty)

110. Do you know if the headmistress of the school is a ___________ teacher? (chemical)

111. The patient is getting __________. The doctors will use new medicine for him. (ill)

112. “What can I do for you?” the ___ asked. (library)

113. ____ food is sold in lots of supermarkets. (freeze)

114. We have plenty of ______ after class. (active)

115. A doctor’s duty is to save people’s ______. (life)

116. She lives in Britain but has French ___. (national)

117. In winter, British people use ________ instead of air-conditioners. (heat) 118. It’s not ___________ to wear your school uniform on Friday. (need) 119. Your homework today is to ________ all these new words. (memory)

120. This is an __________ door. You needn’t press any button. (automatically) 121. Hard ________ is very important to every player who wants to be successful in the match.. (train)

122. She took the two o’clock __________ to Chicago just now. (fly)

123. In _________ weather, the water is always covered with ice. (freeze) 124. 125. It was too dark for us to see anything __________. (clear)

126. My mum does ______ once a week. (shop)

127. George Stephenson became famous in his _________. (twenty)

128. We all found the film very _________. (interest)

129. That girl’s _______ hair attracted all of us. (gold)

130. The weather report says, “It’s __________ today.” (cloud)

131. As we entered the garden, we saw a little girl ___________ on the grass in the sun. (lie)

132. It’s great ________ to play chess on the internet. (funny)

133. After showing the students how to do this experiment, the teacher told them that had been a ______________ change. (physics)

134. Lin Tao is one of the most __________ boys in the class, because he never gets to school on time. (lazy)

135. ___________, we won the basketball match without difficulty. (luck) 136. The monkey looked at ___________ in the mirror. (it)

137. I wondered whether the bag was that __________. (lady)

138. The shopping centre is always _________ of customers at weekends. (fill) 139. Do you know the __________ of the nearest police station? (located) 140. I helped the old man to show my ______. (kind)

141. _____ is more important than wealth. (healthy)

142. Nothing is _________ if you set your mind to it. (possible)

143. The sun is shining ________. Let’s go for a picnic. (bright)

4

144. Don’t hesitate to ask if you have any ________ when doing your homework. (difficult)

145. My mother is always busy __________ the clothes in the evening. (wash) 146. The doctors were always busy operating on the __________ soldier in the field hospital during the war. (wound)

147. Liz is much _______ than her twin sister. (thin)

148. Please write down the _________ idea of this text. (mainly)

149. It’s our responsibility to save water and ____________. (electrical)

150. English has more __________ who learn it as a second language than Chinese. (speak)

151. English is a __________ language. It makes peoples in the world understand each other better than ever. (use)

152. You have to recite words every day to keep your ________ active. (memorize) 153. Although he worked hardest, he got the ___________ money of all. (little) 154. _________ should obey the traffic rule. (drive)

155. My mother is a hard-working _____. (business)

156. About twenty ___________ will come to visit our school this coming Saturday. (Australia)

157. WHO means World Health ________. (organize)

158. I felt _________ sorry for having missed such a wonderful football match. (truth)

159. He apologized to Mike for the __________ from his birthday party. (absent) 160. We should throw rubbish into litter bins so as not to _______ the city. (pollution)

161. Our language lab is on the __________ floor of the classroom building. (four) 162. “Stop them! They are __________,” an old man shouted. (thief)

163. After a long __________, they got the solution to the problem. (discuss) 164. We hope our country will become more and more ________. (power)

165. Paris is the capital of _____, isn’t it? (French)

166. The lady sold five __________ of bread to the little boy and wished him good luck. (loaf)

167. Tom is better at _________ than anyone else in the class. (swim)

168. Mary ________ playing the piano for two hours every day. (practice)

169. Yao Ming is a famous _________ basketball player. (profession)

170. My mother is very ___________ though she is only forty. (forget)

171. ___________ does a lot of harm to others as well as the smoker himself. (smoke)

172. American people usually have the ___________ turkey at Christmas. (tradition)

173. The _____ light suddenly went out. (electricity)

174. Who can tell me the___ of the Himalaya? (high)

175. When autumn comes, _________ fall off trees. The ground is always covered with them. (leaf)

176. These old cans are kept for _______. (recycle)

177. Many ________ are waiting for the famous dancer at the airport. (report) 5

178. Mary’s brother works as a __________ in the restaurant. (wait)

179. The man saved the little girl from the fire and took her to ________. (safe) 180. An American _______ said last week that there was enough water for life on Mars. (science)

181. The Forbidden City will be ___________ in the following years. (build)

182. Never be afraid of __________ face if you want to make progress in your spoken English. (lose)

183. John found his former friends were as __________ to him as before. (friend) 184. No one else can dance ___________ than the girl in red. (beautiful) 185. Could you tell the __________ between the three sisters? (different) 186. Taxi ________ are developing very fast in modern cities. (serve)

187. Last night on my way home, I saw a bank ___________ with my own eyes. (rob)

188. You’d better not swim in the river. The water has been __________ polluted. (serious)

189. I have received an ___________ to her birthday party. (invite)

190. The more you practise, the more __________ you can speak English. (fluent) 191. The wind is blowing _______. It’s the right time to fly kites. (gentle) 192. We’ve to work out a ___ to the problem. (solve)

193. Chinese will be _________ used in the world from now on. (wide)

194. A few friends of __________ will come to our dinner party tonight. (we)

195. The government will take action to improve the __________ in the poor areas. (educational)

196. Many people in China are not familiar with ________ customs. (west)

197. The music sounded quite __________ while the dance was not beautiful. (wonder)

198. July is usually the __________ month in Shanghai. (hot)

199. The room is so dirty that a lot of __________ can be seen running here and there. (mouse)

200. Which do you want to do, go into business or become a ___________? (fire) 201. I don’t think it a good idea. Do you want to listen to my ________? (suggest) 202. What he said __________ us a lot. We wondered what had happened to him. (surprise)

203. Nowadays ________ can be seen here and there. (foreign)

204. His grandparents have been _________ for over ten years, but he’ll never forget the days with them together. (death)

205. The song was so ________ that she didn’t notice the telephone ring. (enjoy) 206. With the ___________ of e-book technology, probably an e-book library will appear. (develop)

207. I think the success will depend on your __________ not your money. ( wise) 208. They will have some ___________ visits to other cities. (education) 209. Everyone should take an ________ part in sports events. ( activity)

210. I have been to Nanjing once and this is my _________ time to see the Yangtze River there. (two)

211. Maths is my ________ subject. (favour)

6

212. On the way I saw an old man ____________ beside the road. (sit)

213. He used to be a ____________. (farm)

214. That’s _________ for the girl to be late today. She is always the first to get to school. (usually)

215. How many women _________ are there in the restaurant? (cooker) 216. As the ______ goes, “ No pains, no gains”. (say)

217. Eating too many sweets is bad for ________. (tooth)

218. His aunt takes good ______ of him when his mother is away. (carefully) 219. My uncle is a travel agent. His job is to serve ________. (tour)

220. Sorry, I can't lend my tape ____ to you. (record)

221. The street has been _____ by the workers. (wide)

222. It's rude to look ________ at a person. (straight)

223. Busiest men find the ___________ time. ( much )

224. Few ________ could speak Chinese in the past. ( English )

225. There is no short-cut to _________. ( succeed )

226. Computer is an amazing ____ in our life? (invent)

227. Many ___ come to Disneyland every day. (visit)

228. ________ he arrived there on time. (final)

229. The reporter went to the sea with several _________ to look for the lost boat. (fish)

230. She has gains much _____________ because she keeps eating but never exercises. (weigh)

231. She’s busy writing a letter to a friend of ___________ in her study. (she) 232. There are many places of ________ interest in Shanghai. (history)

233. They __________ the woman into buying all the dresses in the shop. (foolish) 234. Our teacher told us that it was a _______ change. (chemistry)

235. It’s important for a student to tell the _______ after he does something wrong. (true)

236. The doll was the present from my auntie on my _________ birthday. (five) 237. The sun gives us light and ________. (hot)

238. School will be over in a few _____time. ( month )

239. I can’t find my wallet. It has ________! (appear)

240. My grandfather keeps in good _______ though he’s over eighty. (healthy) 241. The Atlantic is the second ____________ocean in the world. (big) 242. Mr. Marko is one of the __________ of that factory. (engine)

243. It’s ten _________ walk from here. You needn’t take a bus. (minute) 244. Many years ago this kind of TV set was very ____________. (expense)

245. I have made up my mind to study hard, because our teacher always tells us that __________ is power. (know)

246. No one knows whether Bin Laden is still ___________ or not. (live) 247. The man in the prison is looking forward to having __________ . (free)

248. We travelled to a beautiful and quiet village. There we spent a ____________ day. (pleased)

249. Mr Black is a singer ________ thirty. (age)

250. What is the ___________ of the word? (mean)

7

251. The little girl said ___________ to the strange man. (soft)

252. ___________ hands is a kind of custom in some countries. ( shake) 253. Young boys enjoy watching football __________ on TV. (match)

254. Jacky told us an ________ story that everybody laughed happily. (amusement)

255. We were surprised at the news of his ____. (die)

256. Thanks for _______ me. I’ll do my best. (choice)

257. Jiang Wen is one of the most famous ___________ in China. (act) 258. Bob _______ a story to explain why he was late for school.(inventor) 259. Of all the boys, John runs the most ______________. ( slow)

260. This iron ball is much ______ than that one. (heavy)

261. I'd like to have a talk with the ________ of this hotel. (manage)

262. It’s ___________ cold tonight. (terrible)

263. There are many __________ visiting the museum. ( Japan)

264. On Christmas Eve, the ___________ park is always full of children. (amuse) 265. Nanjing Road is __________ in the centre of Shanghai. (locate)

266. It’s much ___________ to swim with your friend than to swim alone. (safe) 267. Take care! The vase can _______ be broken. (easy)

268. There used to be a great ____________ between the two families. (friend) 269. I’m afraid we cannot go fishing today. It’s quite ___________ outside. (wind) 270. The ________ is made of eggs and flour. (mix)

271. I’m poor at ________ and geography. (historical)

272. It’s ______ for the children to play with fire. (danger)

273. Shanghai has ________ at an amazing speed these years. (development) 274. Joe is one of my __________. (neighbourhood)

275. We must train ___________ every day in order to keep strong. (we) 276. Of all the Christmas cards, ____________ is the nicest. (Rose)

277. I’m too tired to go a step __________. (far)

278. The river is twenty _______ deep. (foot)

279. Every month you can get three thousand yuan at _______. (little)

280. Let’s cut this loaf of bread into ________. (half)

281. His ___________ sister is only one year older than he. (old)

282. Li Ming is a friend of my _____________. (cousin)

283. He ________ for our country in the battle and we will always remember him. (death)

284. Boys are quiet ___________. (noise)

285. You’d better take a taxi instead of ___________ there. (walk)

286. They are sitting in the room __________. (quiet)

287. Who knows what the word __________? (mean)

288. Miss Li taught _______ English last term. (we)

289. Nobody will believe you since you are so __________. (honest)

290. You ________ got the first prize! (real)

291. Mr Smith spent his ____________ birthday the other day. (forty)

292. __________ cannot calculate as fast as computers. (human)

293. Da Shan is from ___________ but he can speak very good Chinese. 8

(Canadian)

294. It was snowing _________ outside. (hard)

295. Air __________ makes us feel sick. (pollute)

296. Look! There are so many ____________ here. Why do you take the small one? (toy) 297. After hearing these words, his face turned even ___________. (red)

298. How many ___________ lessons do you have every week? (physical)

299. They sent a few ___________ letters to Japan last Friday. (busy)

300. They were well ____________ at a friend’s house. (service)

Keys:

1.noise 2.ninth 3.inventors 4.female 5.carefully 6.beginning 7.harmful

8.choice 9.saddest 10.twelfth 11. interested 12.seats 13. yourself 14.further

15.frightening 16.unhappy 17.importance 18.Women’s 19.mine 20.mainly

21.writer 22.collection 23.surprise 24.building 25.frozen 26.past 27.winner

28.helpful 29. third 30.Pleased 31.neightborhood 32. well 33.honesty

34.hungrily 35. hardest 36.operation 37.themselves 38.speech 39.automatically 40. funnier 41.poster 42.actresses 43.loudly 44. worried 45.lovely 46.heavily 47.truth

48. decision 49.Italians 50. wonder 51.changeable 52.quickly 53.entrance

54.unhealthy 55.Canadians. 56.swiftly 57.across 58.Germans 59. living 60.exciting

61.medical 62. unlucky 63.expenses 64.potatoes 65.honest 66.medicine

67.wonders 68.foolish 69. healthier 70.surprised 71. thankful 72. Frenchmen

73.less 74. secondary 75.pleasure 76.owner 77.danger 78. excited 79.performance

80. sunny 81.artist 82.advice 83.worse 84.following 85.homeless 86. ser vice 87.Generally speaking 88.recitation 89.length 90 crying 91.relaxation

92.addition 93. science 94.wise 95. wooden 96. safely 97.twice 98. succeed

99. messenger 100.greater 101.possibly 102.countries 103.his 104.hours’ 105.tomatoes 106.paintings 107.Children’s 108.twenty-first 109.honest 110.chemistry 111.worse 112.librarian 113.Frozen 114.activities 115.lives 116.nationality 117.heats 118.needed 119.memorize 120.automatical 121.training 122.flight 123.freezing 124.frightened 125.clearly 126.shopping 127.twenties 128.interesting 129.golden 130.cloudy 131.lying 132.fun 133.physical 134.laziest 135.Luckily 136.itself 137.lady’s 138.full 139.location 140.kindness 141.Health 142.impossible 143.brightly 144.difficulties 145.washing 146.wounded 147.thinner 148.main 149.electricity 150.speakers 151.useful 152.memory 153.least 154.Drivers 155.businesswoman 156.Australians 157.organization 158.truly 159.absence 160.pollute 161.fourth 162.thieves 163.discussion 164.powerful 165.France 166.loaves 167.swimming 168.practises 169.professional 170.forgetful 9

171.Smoking 172.traditional 173.electric 174.height 175.leaves 176.recycling 177.reporters 178.waiter 179.safety 180.scientist 181.rebuilt 182.losing 183.friendly 184.more beautiful 185.difference 186.services 187.robbery 188.seriously 189.invitation 190.fluently 191.gently 192.solution 193.widely 194.ours 195.education 196.western 197.wonderful 198.hottest 199.mice 200. fireman 201.suggestions 202.surprised 203. foreigners 204.dead 205.enjoyable 206.development207.wisdom 208 educational 209.active 210.second 211.famorite 212. sitting 213.farmer 214.unusual 215.cooks216.saying 217.teeth 218.care 219.tourists 220 recorder 221.widened 222. straight 223.most 224.Englishmen225.success 226.invention 227.visitors 228.Finally 229.fishermen 230.weitht 231.hers 232.historical 233.fooled234.chemical 235.truth 236.fifth 237.heat 238.months’ 239 disappeared 240.health 241.biggest 242 engineers 243.minutes’244.expensive 245.knowlegde 246.alive 247.freedom 248.pleasant 249. aged 250.meaning 251.softly 252.shaking 253.matches 254.amusing 255. death 256.choosing 257.actors 158.invented 259.slowly260. heavier 261.manager262.terribly 263.Japanese 264.amusement 265.located 266.safer 267.easily268.friendship 269.windy 270.mixture 271.history 272.dangerous 273.developed 274.neighbours275.ourselves 276. Rose’s 277.farther 278.feet 279.least 280 halves 281. elder 282 cousin’s 283.died 284.noisy 285.walking 286. quietly 287. means 288.us 289.dishonest.290. really 291.fotieth 292.humans293.Canada 294.hard 295.pollution 296.toys 297.redder 298 physics 299. business 300.served

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