“的”、“地”、“得”的词性和用法

范文1:英语词性分类及用法【以文搜文】

    一、词性的分类

    词类又叫词性,英语单词根据其在句子中的功用,可以分成十个大类。 1 名词 noun n. student 学生 2 代词 pronoun pron. you 你 3 形容词 adjective adj. happy 高兴的 4 副词 adverb adv. quickly 迅速地 5 动词 verb v. cut 砍、割 6 数词 numeral num. three 三 7 冠词 article art. a 一个 8 介词 preposition prep. at 在... 9 连词 conjunction conj. and 和 10 感叹词 interjection interj. oh 哦 前六类叫实词,后四类叫虚词。

    二、名词

    名词概论

    

    

    名词复数的规则变化

    其它名词复数的规则变化

    1) 以y结尾的专有名词,或元音字母+y 结尾的名词变复数时,直接加s变复数: 如:two Marys the Henrys monkey---monkeys holiday---holidays 2) 以o 结尾的名词,变复数时:

    a. 加s,如: photo---photos piano---pianos radio---radios zoo---zoos; b. 加es,如:potato—potatoes tomato—tomatoes 3) 以f或fe 结尾的名词变复数时: a. 加s,如: belief---beliefs roof---roofs safe---safes gulf---gulfs; b. 去f, fe 加-ves,如:half---halves

    knife---knives leaf---leaves wolf---wolves wife---wives life---lives thief---thieves; 名词复数的不规则变化

    1)child---children foot---feet tooth---teeth mouse---mice man---men woman---women 2)单复同形如:

    deer,sheep,fish,Chinese,Japanese 3)集体名词,以单数形式出现,但实为复数。

    如: people police cattle 等本身就是复数,不能说 a people,a police,a cattle,但可以说a person,a policeman,a head of cattle, the English,the British,the French,the Chinese,the Japanese,the Swiss 等名词,表示国民总称时,作复数用。 4)以s结尾,仍为单数的名词,如:

    maths,politics,physics等学科名词,为不可数名词,是单数。news 是不可数名词。 不同国家的人的单复数

    

    名词的格

    在英语中有些名词可以加"'s"来表示所有关系,带这种词尾的名词形式称为该名词的所有格,如:a teacher's book。名词所有格的规则如下:

    1) 单数名词词尾加"'s",复数名词词尾没有s,也要加"'s",如the boy's bag 男孩的书包,men's room 男厕所。

    2) 若名词已有复数词尾-s ,只加"'",如:the workers' struggle工人的斗争。

    3) 凡不能加"'s"的名词,都可以用"名词+of +名词"的结构来表示所有关系,如:the title of the song 歌的名字。

    4) 在表示店铺或教堂的名字或某人的家时,名词所有格的后面常常不出现它所修饰的名词,如:the barber's 理发店。

    5) 如果两个名词并列,并且分别有's,则表示"分别有";只有一个's,则表示'共有'。 如:John's and Mary's room(两间)John and Mary's room(一间)

    6) 复合名词或短语,'s 加在最后一个词的词尾。 如:a month or two's absence

    

    三、代词

    人称代词的用法:

    I saw her with them, at least, I thought it was her.

    我看到她和他们在一起,至少我认为是她。(her做宾语,them做介词宾语,her作主补) a. -- Who broke the vase?--谁打碎了花瓶?

    b. -- Me.--我。(me作主语补语= It's me.) 并列人称代词的排列顺序

    1) 单数人称代词并列作主语时,其顺序为:

    第二人称 -> 第三人称 -> 第一人称you -> he/she; it -> I 2) 复数人称代词作主语时,其顺序为:

    第一人称 -> 第二人称 -> 第三人称we->you ->They 反身代词 1)

    

    

    指示代词

    指示代词分单数(this / that)和复数(these / those)两种形式,既可作限定词又可做代词, 疑问代词

    指人: who, whom, whose指物: what既可指人又可指物: which 代词比较辩异one, that和it

    one表示泛指,that和it 表示特指。that与所指名词为同类,但不是同一个,而it 与所指名词为同一个。

    I can't find my hat. I think I must buy one.(不定)

    The hat you bought is bigger than that I bought.(同类但不同个)

    I can't find my hat. I don' t know where I put it.( 同一物)

    四、冠词

    不定冠词的用法

    不定冠词a (an)与数词one 同源,是"一个"的意思。 定冠词的用法

    定冠词the与指示代词this,that同源,有"那(这)个"的意思。 1)特指双方都明白的人或物:Take the medicine.把药吃了。

    2)上文提到过的人或事: He bought a house. I've been to the house. 3)指世上独一物二的事物:the sun, the sky, the moon, the earth 4)单数名词连用表示一类事物,如:the dollar 美元;

    the fox 狐狸;或与形容词或分词连用,表示一类人:the rich 富人; the living 生者。 5)用在序数词和形容词最高级,及形容词only, very, same等前面: Where do you live? I live on the second floor.你住在哪?我住在二层。 6)与复数名词连用,指整个群体:

    They are the teachers of this school.指全体教师) They are teachers of this school.(指部分教师)

    7)表示所有,相当于物主代词,用在表示身体部位的名词前: She caught me by the arm..她抓住了我的手臂。

    8)用在某些由普通名词构成的国家名称、机关团体、阶级、等专有名词前: the People's Republic of China中华人民共和国

    9)用在表示乐器的名词之前:She plays the piano.她会弹钢琴。

    10) 用在姓氏的复数名词之前,表示一家人:the Greens格林一家人 (或格林夫妇) 11) 用在惯用语中:

    in the day, in the morning (afternoon,evening),the day after tomorrow the day before yesterday, the next morning, in the sky (water,field,country) in the dark, in the rain, in the distance, in the middle (of),in the end,

    on the whole, by the way, go to the theatre 零冠词的用法 冠词与形容词+名词结构

    1) 两个形容词都有冠词,表示两个不同东西。

    He raises a black and a white cat.他养了一只黑猫和一只白猫。 2) 如后一个形容词无冠词,则指一物。

    He raises a black and white cat.他养了一只花猫。 冠词位置

    1) 不定冠词位置 不定冠词常位于名词或名词修饰语前。注意: a. 位于下列形容词之后: such,what,many,half, such an animal; Many a man

    b. 当名词前的形容词被副词as, so, too, how, however, enough修饰时,不定冠词应放在形容词之后:It is as pleasant a day as I have ever spent. c. quite,rather与单数名词连用,冠词放在其后。

    但当rather,quite 前仍有形容词,不定冠词放其前后均可。如:quite a lot

    d. 在as,though 引导的让步状语从句中,当标语为形容词修饰的名词时,不定冠词放形容词后: Brave a man though he is,he trembles at the sight of snakes. 当名词被比较级形容词修饰时,不定冠词通常置于比较级形容词之后。

    2) 定冠词位置 定冠词通常位于名词或名词修饰语前,但放在all, both,double,half,twice,three times等词之后,名词之前。

    All the students in the class went out.班里的所有学生都出去了。

    五、数词

    表示数目多少的数词叫基数词;表示顺序的数词叫序数词。 数词的用法 1)倍数表示法

    a. 主语+谓语+倍数(或分数)+ as + adj. + as I have three times as many as you.我有你三倍那么多。 b. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ the size (amount,length…) of… The earth is 49 times the size of the moon.地球是月球的49倍。 c. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ 形容词(副词)比较级+ than… The grain output is 8 percent higher this year than that of last year. d. 还可以用by+倍数,表示增加多少倍

    The production of grain has been increased by four times this year. 2)分数表示法

    构成:基数词代表分子,序数词代表分母。分子大于1时,分子的序数词用单数,分母序

    数词用复数:1/3 one-third ; 3/37 three and three-sevenths

    六、形容词及其用法

    形容词作定语修饰名词时,要放在名词的前边。但是如果形容词修饰以-thing为字尾的词语时,要放在这些词之后,例如:

    something nice 以-ly结尾的形容词

    1)friendly,deadly,lovely,lonely,likely,lively,ugly,brotherly,仍为形容词。 2)有些以-ly 结尾既为形容词,也为副词。 daily,weekly,monthly,yearly,early

    The Times is a daily paper. The Times is published daily. 用形容词表示类别和整体

    某些形容词加上定冠词可以泛指一类人,与谓语动词的复数连接。如:the dead,the living,the rich,the poor,the blind,the hungry 多个形容词修饰名词的顺序

    限定词--数词--描绘词--(大小,长短,形状,新旧,颜色) --出处--材料性质,类别--名词 a small round table;a tall gray building;a dirty old brown shirt;a famous German medical school 典型例题:

    1) Tony is going camping with ___ boys.

    A. little two other B. two little other C. two other little D. little other two答案:C。 2)One day they crossed the ____bridge behind the palace.

    A. old Chinese stone B. Chinese old stone C. old stone Chinese D. Chinese stone old答案A.

    3) ---- How was your recent visit to Qingdao?

    ---- It was great. We visited some friends,and spent the ___days at the seaside.

    A. few last sunny B. last few sunny C. last sunny few D. few sunny last答案:B。

    七、副词及其基本用法

    副词的排列顺序:

    时间,地点副词,小单位的在前,大单位在后。

    注意:副词enough要放在形容词的后面,形容词enough放在名词前后都可。 I don't know him well enough.

    There is enough food for everyone to eat. There is food enough for everyone to eat. 兼有两种形式的副词 1) close与closely

    close意思是"近"; closely 意思是"仔细地" He is sitting close to me. Watch him closely. 2)late 与lately

    late意思是"晚"; lately 意思是"最近"

    You have come too late. What have you been doing lately? 3)deep与deeply

    deep意思是"深",表示空间深度;deeply时常表示感情上的深度,"深深地"

    He pushed the stick deep into the mud. Even father was deeply moved by the film. 4)high与highly

    high表示空间高度;highly表示程度,相当于much

    The plane was flying high. I think highly of your opinion. 5)wide与widely

    wide表示空间宽度;widely意思是"广泛地","在许多地方"

    He opened the door wide. English is widely used in the world. 6)free与freely

    free的意思是"免费";freely 的意思是"无限制地"

    You can eat free in my restaurant whenever you like. You may speak freely; say what you like. 形容词与副词的比较级 1) 规则变化

    单音节词和少数双音节词,加词尾-er,-est来构成比较级和最高级。

    

    

    2) 不规则变化

    可修饰比较级的词

    a bit, a little, rather, much, far, by far, many, a lot, lots, a great deal, any, still, even等 典型例题:

    1)---- Are you feeling ____? ---- Yes,I'm fine now.

    

    A. any well B. any better C. quite good D. quite better

    答案:B. any 可修饰比较级,quite修饰原级,well的比较级为better. 2)The experiment was____ easier than we had expected. A. more B. much more C. much D. more much

    答案:C. much可修饰比较级,因此B,C都说得通,但easier本身已是比较级,不需more,因此C为正确答案。

    3)If there were no examinations, we should have ___ at school. A. the happiest time B. a more happier time

    C. much happiest time D. a much happier time答案:D。 和more有关的词组

    1) the more… the more…越……就越……

    The harder you work,the greater progress you'll make. 2) more B than A与其说A不如说B He is more lazy than slow at his work.

    3) no more… than… 与……一样……,不比……多 The officials could see no more than the Emperor. no less… than…与……一样…… He is no less diligent than you. 4) more than不只是,非常 She is more than kind to us all. 典型例题

    1)The weather in China is different from____.

    A. in America B. one in America C. America D. that in America

    答案:D. 本题意为"中国的天气比美国热。"比较的是天气而不是国家,C不能选。A没有名词,后句成分不全,排除。B和D中,B中的one常用来代替可数名词,而that可车以代替不可数或抽象名词,所以选D。

    2)After the new technique was introduced,the factory produced ___ tractors in 1988 as the year before. A. as twice many B. as many twice C. twice as many D. twice many as

    答案C. 此句意为"这个厂1988能生产的拖拉机是往年的两倍"。 表示倍数用"倍数+ as + 形

    容词原形+ as +比较对象"的句型。所以此句答案为C。 This ruler is three times as long as that one

    八、动词

    动词根据其后是否带有宾语,可分为两类,分别是:及物动词(Transitive Verb)、不及物

    动词(Intransitive Verb),缩写形式分别为vt. 和vi.。 系动词

    1)状态系动词:用来表示主语状态,只有be一词,例如:He is a teacher.

    2)持续系动词:用来表示主语继续或保持一种状况或态度,主要有keep, rest, remain, stay, lie, stand, 例如:He always kept silent at meeting.他开会时总保持沉默。

    3)表像系动词:用来表示"看起来像"这一概念,主要有seem, appear, look, 例如: He looks tired.他看起来很累。

    4)感官系动词:感官系动词主要有feel, smell, sound, taste, 例如: This kind of cloth feels very soft. This flower smells very sweet.

    5)变化系动词:这些系动词表示主语变成什么样,变化系动词有become, grow, turn, fall, get, go, come, run. 例如:He became mad after that.自那之后,他疯了。

    6)终止系动词:表示主语已终止动作,主要有prove, turn out, 表达"证实","变成"之意,

    例如:The search proved difficult.搜查证实很难。

    非谓语动词

    1)不定式

    

    

    2)动名词

    3)分词

    

    否定形式: not +不定式,not + 动名词,not + 现在分词

    九、特殊词精讲

    stop doing/to do

    stop to do停止,中断做某事后去做另一件事。stop doing停止做某事。 They stop to smoke a cigarette. I must stop smoking.

    典型例题She reached the top of the hill and stopped ___on a big rock by the side of the path.

    A. to have restedB. restingC. to restD. rest答案:C。 forget doing/to do

    forget to do忘记要去做某事。(未做)forget doing忘记做过某事。(已做) The light in the office is stil on. He forgot to turn it off. He forgot turning the light off.

    典型例题---- The light in the office is still on.

    ---- Oh,I forgot___.

    A. turning it off B. turn it off C. to turn it off D. having turned it off答案:C。 remember doing/to do

    remember to do 记得去做某事 (未做)remember doing记得做过某事(已做) Remember to go to the post office after school.

    Don't you remember seeing the man before? regret doing/to do

    regret to do对要做的事遗憾。(未做)regret doing对做过的事遗憾、后悔。(已做) I regret to have to do this, but I have no choice. I don't regret telling her what I thought. 典型例题

    ---You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting. ---Well, now I regret ___ that.

    

    thirty miles an hour 每小时三十英里

    4、在what time前的at经常被省略,尤其在口语中。

    (At)what time did she say she was coming?她说她几点钟来?

    5、含有height(高度),length(长度),size(尺码),shape(现状),age(年龄),colour(颜色),weight(重量)等词语在句子中做表语时,短语前不用介词。

    She is just the right height to be a model 她的身高正合适当模特。

    What size are your shoes? 你的鞋是多大号的?

    Her bag is the same color as mine 她的包和我的包颜色一样

    6、在in the same way,in this way,in another way等短语中,in常常被省略 Please try it again (in)the same way 请用同样的方法再试一次

    7、在表示持续一段时间的短语中,for常被省略

    They stayed there (for)six months 他们在那里待了6个月

    介词用法口诀

    早、午、晚要用in,at黎明、午夜、点与分。

    年、月、年月、季节、周,阳光、灯、影、衣、帽in。

    将来时态in...以后,小处at大处in。

    有形with无形by,语言、单位、材料in。

    特征、方面与方式,心情成语惯用in。

    介词at和to表方向,攻击、位置、恶、善分。

    日子、日期、年月日,星期加上早、午、晚,

    收音、农场、值日on,关于、基础、靠、著论。

    着、罢、出售、偷、公、假,故意、支付、相反,准。

    特定时日和"一……就",on后常接动名词。

    年、月、日加早、午、晚,of之前on代in。

    步行、驴、马、玩笑on,cab,carriage则用in。

    at山脚、门口、在当前,速、温、日落、价、核心。

    工具、和、同随with,具有、独立、就、原因。

    就……来说宾译主,对、有、方状、表细分。

    海、陆、空、车、偶、被by,单数、人类know to man。

    this、that、tomorrow,yesterday,next、last、one。

    接年、月、季、星期、周,介词省略已习惯。

    over、under正上下,above、below则不然,

    若与数量词连用,混合使用亦无关。'

    beyond超出、无、不能,against靠着,对与反。 besides,except分内外,among之内along沿。 同类比较except,加for异类记心间。

    原状because of,、 owing to、 due to表语形容词 under后接修、建中,of、from物、化分。

    before、after表一点, ago、later表一段。

    before能接完成时,ago过去极有限。

    since以来during间,since时态多变换。

    与之相比beside,除了last but one。

    复不定for、找、价、原,对、给、段、去、为、作、赞。 快到、对、向towards,工、学、军、城、北、上、南。 but for否定用虚拟,复合介词待后言。

    ing型由于鉴,除了除外与包合。

    之后、关于、在......方面,有关介词须记全。

    in内to外表位置,山、水、国界to在前。

    动词与介词(或副词)的搭配

    add…to 加到……上 agree with 同意(某人)

    arrive at(in) 到达 ask for 询问

    begin…with 从……开始 believe in 相信

    break into 闯入 break off 打断

    break out 爆发 bring down 降低

    bring in 引进 bring up 教育,培养

    build up 建起 burn down 烧光

    call back 回电话 call for 要求约请

    call in 召来 call on 拜访 访问

    care for 喜欢 carry on 继续开展

    carry out 实行开展 check out 查明 结帐

    clear up 整理,收拾 come about 发生,产生 come across (偶然)遇见 come out 出来 ask for 寻求

    talk about sth 谈论某事

    arrive at(in)到达(某地)

    call on(sb)拜访,看望(某人)

    look for寻找

    wait for等待

    stay with sb和某人待在一起

    depend on依赖

    come to 共计 达到 compare…with 与……比较 compare to 比作 cut off 切断

    date from 始于 depend on 依靠

    devote to 献于 die out 灭亡

    divide up 分配 dream of 梦想

    fall off 下降 fall over 跌倒

    feed on 以……为食 get down to 专心于 get through 通过 give in 让步,屈服

    动词与形容词的搭配

    be late for 迟到

    be good at 擅长

    be interested in 对...感到兴趣

    be angry with 对...生气

    be full of 充满

    be sorry for 对...感到抱歉

    be afraid of害怕

    be proud of ······而自豪,骄傲

    be kind(nice) to sb对某人亲切(有好) be sorry for为·····而抱歉

    be fond of爱好

    be different from与·····不同 动词与名词的搭配

    on time 按时

    by bus 坐公共汽车

    on foot 走路

    on one’s way to 在某人回家的路上 in trouble 陷入麻烦

    转载请保留出处,http://www.wendangku.net/doc/191bad52f01dc281e53af0c0.html

范文2:形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词用法【以文搜文】

形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词的用法

一.人称代词的主格在句子中作主语

1.amsorryamlate.

2.arebothfromthesouth.

3.iscleverthanme.

二.人称代词的宾格在句子中作动词宾语或介词宾语,表语。

1.Hismothertoldhimtostudyhard.

2.Deming’smotherboughtanewbikeforhim.

3.Whoisit?Itisme

三.形容词性物主代词一般位于名词前,用作定语。

1.MynameisJohnGreen.我叫约翰我叫约翰··格林。

2.Excuseme,isthisyourcar?对不起,这是您的车吗?

3.HisparentsareinEngland.他的父母在英国。

4.Theywashtheirfaceseveryday.他们每天都洗脸。

四.名词性物主代词的句法功能

a.作主语,例如:

MayIuseyourpen?Yoursworksbetter.

我可以用一用你的钢笔吗?

b.作宾语,例如:

Ilovemymotherlandasmuchasyouloveyours.

我爱我的祖国就像你爱你的祖国一样深。

c.作介词宾语,例如:

YourshouldinterpretwhatIsaidinmysenseoftheword,notinyours.

你应当按我所用的词义去解释我说的话,而不能按你自己的意义去解释。你应当按我所用的词义去解释我说的话,而不能按你自己的意义去解释。d.作表语,例如:

Isthisyourbookormine?

=形容词性物主代词+名词e.名词性物主代词名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+

“名词性物主代词”来代替“形容词性为避免重复使用名词,有时可用为避免重复使用名词,有时可用“名词性物主代词”来代替“

+名词”的形式。物主代词物主代词+名词”

例:Mybagisyellow,herbagisred,hisbagisblueandyourbagispink.

,可写成Mybagisyellow,hersisred,hisisblueandyours为避免重复使用bagbag,可写成

ispin

f.名词性物主代词有时可以和of构成短语,

1.AfriendofmineisgoodatEnglish.

2.Ihatethatbehaviour(行为)ofhers

3.Thatphotoofyoursisbeautiful.

范文3:词性物主代词和形词性物主代词用法【以文搜文】

形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词的用法

一.人称代词的主格在句子中作主语

二.人称代词的宾格在句子中作动词宾语或介词宾语,表语。

2Deming’s mother bought a new bike for

三.形容词性物主代词一般位于名词前,用作定语。

1 我叫约翰·格林。 对不起,这是您的车吗?

3 他的父母在英国。 他们每天都洗脸。

四.名词性物主代词的句法功能

a. 作主语,例如:

May I use your pen? Yours works better.

我可以用一用你的钢笔吗?

b. 作宾语,例如: 我爱我的祖国就像你爱你的祖国一样深。

c. 作介词宾语,例如:

Your should interpret what I said in my sense of the word, not in yours.

你应当按我所用的词义去解释我说的话,而不能按你自己的意义去解释。

d. 作表语,例如:

Is this your book or mine?

e. 名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词

为避免重复使用名词,有时可用“名词性物主代词”来代替“形容词性物主代词+名词”

的形式。

例:My bag is yellow, her bag is red, his bag is blue and your bag is pink.

为避免重复使用bag,可写成My bag is yellow, hers is red, his is blue and

.

f. 名词性物主代词有时可以和of 构成短语,

1

2 I hate that behaviour (行为

形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词的练习

一.用所给词的适当形式填空

1. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big. ( I )

2. The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she )

3. Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I )

4. _________ is my brother. _________ name is Jack.

Look! Those stamps are _________. ( he )

5. _________ dresses are red. (we) What colour are _________? ( you )

6. Here are many dolls, which one is _________ ? ( she )

7. I can find my toy, but where’s _________? ( you )

8. Show _________ your kite, OK? (they)

9. I have a beautiful cat. _________name is Mimi.

These cakes are _________. ( it )

10. Are these _________ tickets?

No, _________ are not _________. _________ aren’t here. ( they )

11. Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________ classroom. ( we )

12. _________ is my aunt. Do you know _________ job?

_________ a nurse. ( she )

13. That is not _________ camera. _________is at home. ( he )

14. Where are _________? I can’t find _________.

Let’s call _________ parents. ( they )

15. Don’t touch _________. _________ not a cat, _________ a tiger!(it)

16. _________ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she )

17. _________ don’t know her name.

Would you please tell _________. ( we )

18. So many dogs. Let’s count _________. ( they )

19. I have a lovely brother. _________ is only 3.

I like _________ very much. ( he )

20. May I sit beside _________? ( you )

21. Look at that desk. Those book are on _________. ( it )

22.The girl behind _________ is our friend. (she )

二、用am, is, are 填空

1. I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not.

2. The girl______ Jack's sister.

3. The dog _______ tall and fat.

4. The man with big eyes _______ a teacher.

5. ______ your brother in the classroom?

6. Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home.

7. How _______ your father?

8. Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school.

9. Whose dress ______ this?

10. Whose socks ______ they?

11. That ______ my red skirt.

12. Who ______ I?

13.The jeans ______ on the desk.

14.Here ______ a scarf for you.

15. Here ______ some sweaters for you.

16. The black gloves ______ for Su Yang.

17. This pair of gloves ______ for Yang Ling.

18. The two cups of milk _____ for me.

19. Some tea ______ in the glass.

20. Gao shan's shirt _______ over there.

21. My sister's name ______Nancy.

22. This ______ not Wang Fang's pencil.

23. ______ David and Helen from England?

24. There ______ a girl in the room.

25. There ______ some apples on the tree.

26. _______ there any kites in the classroom?

27. _______ there any apple juice in the bottle?

28. There _______ some bread on the plate.

29. There _______ a boy, two girls, three men and ten women in the park.

30. You, he and I ______ from China.

范文4:形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词用法【以文搜文】

形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词的用法

一.人称代词的主格在句子中作主语 1. I am sorry I am late. 2. They/We are both from the south. 3.She is clever than me.

二.人称代词的宾格在句子中作动词宾语或介词宾语,表语。 1His mother told him to study hard.

2Deming’s mother bought a new bike for him. 3.Who is it ? It is me

三.形容词性物主代词一般位于名词前,用作定语。

1 My name is John Green. 我叫约翰·格林。 2Excuse me, is this your car? 对不起,这是您的车吗?

3 His parents are in England. 他的父母在英国。 4They wash their faces every day. 他们每天都洗脸。

四.名词性物主代词的句法功能

a. 作主语,例如:

May I use your pen? Yours works better.

我可以用一用你的钢笔吗?

你的钢笔比较好用 。

b. 作宾语,例如:

I love my motherland as much as you love yours.

我爱我的祖国就像你爱你的祖国一样深。

c. 作介词宾语,例如:

Your should interpret what I said in my sense of the word, not in yours.

你应当按我所用的词义去解释我说的话,而不能按你自己的意义去解释。

d. 作表语,例如:

Is this your book or mine?

e. 名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词(或名称短语)

为避免重复使用名词,有时可用“名词性物主代词”来代替“形容词性物主代词+名词(或名称短语)”的形式。

例:My bag is yellow, her bag is red, his bag is blue and your bag is pink. 为避免重复使用bag,可写成My bag is yellow, hers is red, his is blue and . yours is pin

f. 名词性物主代词有时可以和of 构成短语,

1 A friend of mine is good at English.

2 I hate that behaviour (行为)of hers That photo of yours is beautiul.

形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词的练习

一.用所给词的适当形式填空

1. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________

is very big. ( I )

2. The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she )

3. Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I )

4. _________ is my brother. _________ name is Jack.

Look! Those stamps are _________. ( he )

5. _________ dresses are red. (we) What colour are _________? ( you )

6. Here are many dolls, which one is _________ ? ( she )

7. I can find my toy, but where’s _________? ( you )

8. Show _________ your kite, OK? (they)

9. I have a beautiful cat. _________name is Mimi.

These cakes are _________. ( it )

10. Are these _________ tickets?

No, _________ are not _________. _________ aren’t here. ( they )

11. Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________ classroom. ( we )

12. _________ is my aunt. Do you know _________ job?

_________ a nurse. ( she )

13. That is not _________ camera. _________is at home. ( he )

14. Where are _________? I can’t find _________.

Let’s call _________ parents. ( they )

15. Don’t touch _________. _________ not a cat, _________ a tiger!(it)

16. _________ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she )

17. _________ don’t know her name.

Would you please tell _________. ( we )

18. So many dogs. Let’s count _________. ( they )

19. I have a lovely brother. _________ is only 3.

I like _________ very much. ( he )

20. May I sit beside _________? ( you )

21. Look at that desk. Those book are on _________. ( it )

22.The girl behind _________ is our friend. (she )

二、用am, is, are 填空

1. I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not.

2. The girl______ Jack's sister.

3. The dog _______ tall and fat.

4. The man with big eyes _______ a teacher.

5. ______ your brother in the classroom?

6. Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home.

7. How _______ your father?

8. Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school.

9. Whose dress ______ this?

10. Whose socks ______ they?

11. That ______ my red skirt.

12. Who ______ I?

13.The jeans ______ on the desk.

14.Here ______ a scarf for you.

15. Here ______ some sweaters for you.

16. The black gloves ______ for Su Yang.

17. This pair of gloves ______ for Yang Ling.

18. The two cups of milk _____ for me.

19. Some tea ______ in the glass.

20. Gao shan's shirt _______ over there.

21. My sister's name ______Nancy.

22. This ______ not Wang Fang's pencil.

23. ______ David and Helen from England?

24. There ______ a girl in the room.

25. There ______ some apples on the tree.

26. _______ there any kites in the classroom?

27. _______ there any apple juice in the bottle?

28. There _______ some bread on the plate.

29. There _______ a boy, two girls, three men and ten women in the park.

30. You, he and I ______ from China.

范文5:词性物主代词和形词性物主代词用法【以文搜文】

形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词的用法

物主代词

1.英语物主代词是表示所有关系的代词。

2.物主代词可分为形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。形容词性物

主代词起形容词的作用,不能单独使用,在句中只能作定语,后面一

定要跟一个名词;名词性物主代词相当于一个名词,不能用在名词之

前,可单独使用.

名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词

形容词性物主代词

形容词性物主代,句法功能作定语。

我的my你的your,我们的是our。

男他的是his,女她的是her。

Its它的牢记着,他们的their指复数。

Whose hat is it? Whose sweater is it?

It's his. It's hers.

It's his hat. It's her sweater.

his=his hat hers=her sweater

Whose coat is it? Whose cap is it?

It's mine. It's yours .

It's my coat. It's your cap.

mine=my coat yours=your cap

Whose bags are they?

They are ours.

They are our bags.

ours=our bags

一.填空

1.Rabbit hears with________ears.(it)

2.I’ve got a cat,________is very cute.(it)

3.This is _______( 我的 ) book.

4._______( 他的 ) chair is blue.

5._______( 我们的 ) classroom is big.

6._______( 他 ) often plays basketball after school.

7._______( 他的 ) teacher is good.

8._______( 我们 ) buy a pair of shoes for _______( 他 ).

9.Please pass_____( 我们 ) the ball.

10.( 他们 ) are listening to the radio.

11.This is _____(he) bag.It’s______.

12.This is _____(her) bag.It’s______.

13.His bag is green,________is pink.(my)

14.Her eyes are big, but _______are small.(you)

二.用括号中的适当形式填空

(1)Are these ________(you)pencils?

Yes, they are ________(our).

(2)—Whose is this pencil?

—It’s ________(I).

(3)I love ________(they)very much.

(4)She is________(I)classmate.

(5)Miss Li often looks after________(she) brother.

(6)—Are these ________(they)bags ?

—No, they aren’t ________(their).

They are ________(we).

一.人称代词的主格在句子中作主语

1. I am sorry I am late. 2. They/We are both from the south. 3.She is clever than me.

二.人称代词的宾格在句子中作动词宾语或介词宾语,表语。

1His mother told him to study hard.

2Deming’s mother bought a new bike for him. 3.Who is it ? It is me

三.形容词性物主代词一般位于名词前,用作定语。

1 My name is John Green. 我叫约翰·格林。 2Excuse me, is this your car? 对不起,这是您的车吗?

3 His parents are in England. 他的父母在英国。 4They wash their faces every day. 他们每天都洗脸。

四.名词性物主代词的句法功能

a. 作主语,例如:

May I use your pen? Yours works better.

我可以用一用你的钢笔吗?

b. 作宾语,例如: I love my motherland as much as you love yours.

我爱我的祖国就像你爱你的祖国一样深。

c. 作介词宾语,例如:

Your should interpret what I said in my sense of the word, not in

yours.

你应当按我所用的词义去解释我说的话,而不能按你自己的意义去解释。

d. 作表语,例如:

Is this your book or mine?

e. 名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词

为避免重复使用名词,有时可用“名词性物主代词”来代替“形容词性物主代词+名

词”的形式。

例:My bag is yellow, her bag is red, his bag is blue and your bag is pink.

为避免重复使用bag,可写成My bag is yellow, hers is red, his is blue and . yours is pin

f. 名词性物主代词有时可以和of 构成短语,

1 A friend of mine is good at English.

2 I hate that behaviour (行为)of hers That photo of yours is beautiul.

形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词的练习

一.用所给词的适当形式填空

1. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big. ( I )

2. The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she )

3. Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I )

4. _________ is my brother. _________ name is Jack.

Look! Those stamps are _________. ( he )

5. _________ dresses are red. (we) What colour are _________? ( you )

6. Here are many dolls, which one is _________ ? ( she )

7. I can find my toy, but where’s _________? ( you )

8. Show _________ your kite, OK? (they)

9. I have a beautiful cat. _________name is Mimi.

These cakes are _________. ( it )

10. Are these _________ tickets?

No, _________ are not _________. _________ aren’t here. ( they )

11. Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________

classroom. ( we )

12. _________ is my aunt. Do you know _________ job?

_________ a nurse. ( she )

13. That is not _________ camera. _________is at home. ( he )

14. Where are _________? I can’t find _________.

Let’s call _________ parents. ( they )

15. Don’t touch _________. _________ not a cat, _________ a tiger!(it)

16. _________ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she )

17. _________ don’t know her name.

Would you please tell _________. ( we )

18. So many dogs. Let’s count _________. ( they )

19. I have a lovely brother. _________ is only 3.

I like _________ very much. ( he )

20. May I sit beside _________? ( you )

21. Look at that desk. Those book are on _________. ( it )

22.The girl behind _________ is our friend. (she )

二、用am, is, are 填空

1. I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not.

2. The girl______ Jack's sister.

3. The dog _______ tall and fat.

4. The man with big eyes _______ a teacher.

5. ______ your brother in the classroom?

6. Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home.

7. How _______ your father?

8. Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school.

9. Whose dress ______ this?

10. Whose socks ______ they?

11. That ______ my red skirt.

12. Who ______ I?

13.The jeans ______ on the desk.

14.Here ______ a scarf for you.

15. Here ______ some sweaters for you.

16. The black gloves ______ for Su Yang.

17. This pair of gloves ______ for Yang Ling.

18. The two cups of milk _____ for me.

19. Some tea ______ in the glass.

20. Gao shan's shirt _______ over there.

21. My sister's name ______Nancy.

22. This ______ not Wang Fang's pencil.

23. ______ David and Helen from England?

24. There ______ a girl in the room.

25. There ______ some apples on the tree.

26. _______ there any kites in the classroom?

27. _______ there any apple juice in the bottle?

28. There _______ some bread on the plate.

29. There _______ a boy, two girls, three men and ten women in the park.

30. You, he and I ______ from China.

范文6:词性物主代词和形词性物主代词用法【以文搜文】

形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词的用法

一.人称代词的主格在句子中作主语

1. I am sorry I am late.

2. They/We are both from the south.

3.She is clever than me.

二.人称代词的宾格在句子中作动词宾语或介词宾语,表语。

1His mother told him to study hard.

2Deming’s mother bought a new bike for him.

3.Who is it ? It is me

三.形容词性物主代词一般位于名词前,用作定语。

1 My name is John Green. 我叫约翰·格林。

2Excuse me, is this your car? 对不起,这是您的车吗?

3 His parents are in England. 他的父母在英国。

4They wash their faces every day. 他们每天都洗脸。

四.名词性物主代词的句法功能

a. 作主语,例如:

May I use your pen? Yours works better.

我可以用一用你的钢笔吗?

b. 作宾语,例如:

I love my motherland as much as you love yours.

我爱我的祖国就像你爱你的祖国一样深。

c. 作介词宾语,例如:

Your should interpret what I said in my sense of the word, not in yours.

你应当按我所用的词义去解释我说的话,而不能按你自己的意义去解释。 d. 作表语,例如:

Is this your book or mine?

e. 名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词

为避免重复使用名词,有时可用“名词性物主代词”来代替“形容词性物主代词+名词”的形式。

例:My bag is yellow, her bag is red, his bag is blue and your bag is pink.

为避免重复使用bag,可写成My bag is yellow, hers is red, his is blue and

. yours is pin

f. 名词性物主代词有时可以和of 构成短语,

1 A friend of mine is good at English.

2 I hate that behaviour (行为)of hers

That photo of yours is beautiul.

形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词的练习

一.用所给词的适当形式填空

1. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big. ( I )

2. The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she )

3. Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I )

4. _________ is my brother. _________ name is Jack.

Look! Those stamps are _________. ( he )

5. _________ dresses are red. (we) What colour are _________? ( you )

6. Here are many dolls, which one is _________ ? ( she )

7. I can find my toy, but where’s _________? ( you )

8. Show _________ your kite, OK? (they)

9. I have a beautiful cat. _________name is Mimi.

These cakes are _________. ( it )

10. Are these _________ tickets?

No, _________ are not _________. _________ aren’t here. ( they )

11. Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________ classroom. ( we )

12. _________ is my aunt. Do you know _________ job?

_________ a nurse. ( she )

13. That is not _________ camera. _________is at home. ( he )

14. Where are _________? I can’t find _________.

Let’s call _________ parents. ( they )

15. Don’t touch _________. _________ not a cat, _________ a tiger!(it)

16. _________ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she )

17. _________ don’t know her name.

Would you please tell _________. ( we )

18. So many dogs. Let’s count _________. ( they )

19. I have a lovely brother. _________ is only 3.

I like _________ very much. ( he )

20. May I sit beside _________? ( you )

21. Look at that desk. Those book are on _________. ( it )

22.The girl behind _________ is our friend. (she )

二、用am, is, are 填空

1. I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not.

2. The girl______ Jack's sister.

3. The dog _______ tall and fat.

4. The man with big eyes _______ a teacher.

5. ______ your brother in the classroom?

6. Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home.

7. How _______ your father?

8. Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school.

9. Whose dress ______ this?

10. Whose socks ______ they?

11. That ______ my red skirt.

12. Who ______ I?

13.The jeans ______ on the desk.

14.Here ______ a scarf for you.

15. Here ______ some sweaters for you.

16. The black gloves ______ for Su Yang.

17. This pair of gloves ______ for Yang Ling.

18. The two cups of milk _____ for me.

19. Some tea ______ in the glass.

20. Gao shan's shirt _______ over there.

21. My sister's name ______Nancy.

22. This ______ not Wang Fang's pencil.

23. ______ David and Helen from England?

24. There ______ a girl in the room.

25. There ______ some apples on the tree.

26. _______ there any kites in the classroom?

27. _______ there any apple juice in the bottle?

28. There _______ some bread on the plate.

29. There _______ a boy, two girls, three men and ten women in the park.

30. You, he and I ______ from China.

范文7:词性物主代词形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词用法【以文搜文】

    一 ,人称代词的主格在句子中作主语

    1. I am sorry I am late.

    2. They/We are both from the south.

    3.She is clever than me.

    二.人称代词的宾格在句子中作动词宾语或介词宾语,表语。

    1 His mother told him to study hard.

    2 Deming’s mother bought a new bike for him.

    3.Who is it ? It is me

    三.形容词性物主代词一般位于名词前,用作定语。

    1My name is John Green. 我叫约翰·格林。

    2Excuse me, is this your car?对不起,这是您的车吗?

    3His parents are in England.他的父母在英国。

    4They wash their faces every day.他们每天都洗脸。

    四.名词性物主代词的句法功能

    a.作主语,例如:

    May I use your pen? Yours works better. 我可以用一用你的钢笔吗?

    b.作宾语,例如:

    I love my motherland as much as you love yours. 我爱我的祖国就像你爱你的祖国一样深。

    c.作介词宾语,例如:

    Your should interpret what I said in my sense of the word, not in yours. 你应当按我所用的词义去解释我说的话,而不能按你自己的意义去解释。

    d.作表语,例如:

    Is this your book or mine?

    e.名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词

    为避免重复使用名词,有时可用“名词性物主代词”来代替“形容词性物主代词+名词”的形式。

    例:

    My bag is yellow, her bag is red, his bag is blue and your bag is pink.

    为避免重复使用bag,可写成

    My bag is yellow, hers is red, his is blue and

    .

    yours is pin

    f.名词性物主代词有时可以和of构成短语,

    1A friend of mine is good at English.

    2I hate that behaviour (行为)of hers

    That photo of yours is beautiul.

范文8:小学语文:深度分析“得”词性 用法口诀,快收藏!【以文搜文】

    “的”、“地”、“得”的用法区别本是中小学语文教学中最基本的常识,但在使用中也最容易发生混淆。“的”、“地”、“得”在具体的句子中到底怎么用,其实有个最简单的判断方法,简记就是:“的”后是名词,“地”后是动词,“得”后是形容词。或者反过来说,名词前用“的”,动词前用“地”,形容词前用“得”。下面,我们来详细区分“的”、“地”、“得”:

小学语文:深度分析“的、地、得”的词性 用法口诀,快收藏!
小学语文:深度分析“的、地、得”的词性 用法口诀,快收藏!
小学语文:深度分析“的、地、得”的词性 用法口诀,快收藏!
小学语文:深度分析“的、地、得”的词性 用法口诀,快收藏!
孩子的成绩怎样才能提高呢?我认为,只要找到了“窍门”,学习对孩子来说就会变成很有意思的一件事情。成绩也就自然而然地提高了。暑假期间,我将在网上举办“超级学习法”免费公益课,如果您的孩子记忆力不好、学习靠死记硬背、很努力但成绩不理想,请添加微信:xuexi79。报名免费听课。 来自: 未来决定现在 >《儿童教育》转藏到我的图书馆 献花(0)分享到:类似文章高中语文:文言文“常见实词...中考倒计时,语文你还能做...100个一定要知道的典故用法...语文“的、地、得”用法在...不知道它们,语文成绩肯定...原来快速提升孩子语文、英...更多类似文章 >>

范文9:小学语文:深度分析“得”词性+用法口诀,快收藏!【以文搜文】

    “的”、“地”、“得”的用法区别本是中小学语文教学中最基本的常识,但在使用中也最容易发生混淆。“的”、“地”、“得”在具体的句子中到底怎么用,其实有个最简单的判断方法,简记就是:“的”后是名词,“地”后是动词,“得”后是形容词。或者反过来说,名词前用“的”,动词前用“地”,形容词前用“得”。下面,我们来详细区分“的”、“地”、“得”:

孩子的成绩怎样才能提高呢?我认为,只要找到了“窍门”,学习对孩子来说就会变成很有意思的一件事情。成绩也就自然而然地提高了。暑假期间,我将在网上举办“超级学习法”免费公益课,如果您的孩子记忆力不好、学习靠死记硬背、很努力但成绩不理想,请添加微信:xuexi79。报名免费听课。 来自: 明天会更好0616 >《小学》转藏到我的图书馆 献花(0)分享到:类似文章高中语文:文言文“常见实词...中考倒计时,语文你还能做...100个一定要知道的典故用法...语文“的、地、得”用法在...不知道它们,语文成绩肯定...原来快速提升孩子语文、英...更多类似文章 >>

范文10:英语名词性物主代词用法【以文搜文】

    一、用作主语。如:Ours is a big family. 我们家人口很多。My pronunciation is poor. His is even worse. 我的语音不好,他的更差。“Whose telephone rang?” “Mine did.” “谁的电话响了?”“我的电话响了。”This is my cup. Yours is the one that’s chipped. 这是我的杯子。你的是有缺口的那个。Ours is an epoch in which heroes are coming forward in multides. 我们的时代是一个英雄辈出的时代。二、用作表语。如:Everything is yours. 每样东西都属于你。He said that those were his. 他说那些是他的。Final victory is ours. 最后的胜利是我们的。He looked up and saw which window was his. 他向上仰望,看哪个窗户是他的。三、用作及物动词的宾语。如:I have broken my pencil. Please give me yours. 我把我的铅笔弄断了。请把你的给我。He cooks his own meats and she hers. 他做他自己的饭,而她也做她自己的饭。Let’s clean their room first and ours later. 咱们先打扫他们的房间,咱们的房间稍后再打扫。四、用作介词的宾语。如:My views are similar to yours. 我的看法和你相似。She clasped his hand in both of hers. 她用双手握住他的手。She contrasted her childhood with his. 她拿自己的童年与他的对比。He lives in the house which (that) is opposite ours. 他住在我们对面的那栋房子里。He grinned at her and laid his hand on hers. 他冲她笑了笑,把他的手放在她手上。五、用作其作用法。如:请注意下面一句中名词性物主代词的特殊意义:A Happy New Year to you and yours from me and mine. 我和我全家祝你和你全家新年快乐!另外,书信末尾常用yours, 如Yours sincerely (truly,faithfully) 您忠诚的(忠实的,可以信赖的) 来自: 紫曦唯幂1 >《中考英语》转藏到我的图书馆 献花(0)分享到:类似文章小升初英语必考语法之代词...英语_人称代词表格如何做用所给词的适当形式...名词性物主代词 新浪教育_...从零开始学语法:快速搞定...[英语] 人称代词专项练习(...更多类似文章 >>