【陕西师范大学排名】陕西师范大学特色专业-陕西师范大学录取分数线

范文1:陕西师范大学专业陕西师范大学招生网站-陕西师范大学分数线【以文搜文】

【陕西师范大学专业】陕西师范大学招生网站-陕西师范大学分数线 第一章      总则第一条  根据《中华人民共和国教育法》、《中华人民共和国高等教育法》等相关法律以及教育部的有关规定,为了更好地贯彻教育部“依法治招”的要求、规范学校全日制普通本科招生工作(以下简称招生工作),特制订本章程。 第二条  学校的校名:陕西师范大学,英文名:Shaanxi Normal University。 陕西师范大学是教育部直属学校、国家教师教育“985”优势学科创新平台建设学校、国家“211工程”重点建设学校。 学校国标代码:10718。 第三条  学校位于陕西省西安市,建有长安、雁塔两个校区。 长安校区地址:西安市长安区西长安街620号,雁塔校区地址:西安市雁塔区长安南路199号。 学校办学类型为公办普通高等学校,学习形式为全日制,学生修满规定学分后,毕业时颁发陕西师范大学毕业证书,达到规定标准的毕业生颁发陕西师范大学学士学位证书。 本科招生的主要类别有:普通高考生(含艺术和体育类考生)、保送生、自主选拔录取、内地西藏班、内地新疆高中班、运动训练、高水平运动员、非西藏生源定向西藏就业、面向贫困地区定向招生、少数民族预科学生及华侨和港澳台地区学生。 第四条  学校招生工作坚持“公平、公正、公开”、德智体全面考核和择优录取的原则。  第二章  组织机构及职责第五条  学校成立本科生招生工作领导小组,负责对学校本科生招生工作的领导。 学校监察部门全过程参与、监督招生工作。 第六条  学校本科生招生工作领导小组下设招生办公室,设在教务处,具体负责国家教育部招生工作有关规定的贯彻执行及学校招生工作的组织实施。  第三章   来源计划编制原则和办法第七条  以科学发展观为指导,贯彻落实党的十八大精神和《国家中长期教育改革和发展规划纲要》(2010—2020年)。 第八条  坚持区域协调发展,合理配置教育资源,大力促进教育公平。 第九条  严格遵照教育部本年度《普通高等学校招生来源计划管理办法》的规定,编制和执行来源计划。 第十条  根据教育部有关招生政策和来源计划管理的指导性意见,根据我国经济建设和社会发展的需要、学校办学条件和对各地区人才需求的分析、预测,遵照教育部下发的有关www.gaokaopai.com 高考派—高考志愿填报专家

来源计划需求建议,结合近年来各地生源情况和毕业生就业情况,进行年度招生专业结构、区域结构的调整;在国家核定的年度招生规模内,合理编制来源计划并报教育部审核。     第十一条  以促进教育公平,构建和谐社会为目标,按照“优化生源结构,促进区域均衡”的原则,坚持区域协调发展和统筹兼顾,在保持各地计划总量相对稳定的同时,将招生计划的增量向高等教育欠发达且生源质量好、生源数量相对较多、升学压力较大的中西部地区倾斜,使全国招生计划安排和分布更趋公平、科学、合理。 为保持学校生源结构的多元化和合理性,在全国各省(直辖市、自治区)均安排招生。     第十二条  保送生、自主选拔录取、高水平运动员、运动训练专业、内地西藏班、内地新疆高中班、少数民族预科班(含新疆协作计划)结业生不编制分省计划。 依据教育部下发的需求建议,免费师范生、非西藏生源定向西藏就业、面向贫困地区定向招生计划在本校年度招生规模内,单列编制来源计划。 第十三条  艺术类专业招生计划编制办法:(1)师范性质艺术类专业依照教育部下发的各省需求,结合校考设点及生源情况编制分省招生计划。 (2)陕西省所有艺术类专业均编制分省招生计划。 其他省份除美术类专业和师范性质艺术类专业外,均不编制分省招生计划,对于我校专业测试合格的一志愿考生达到学校录取标准,则补投计划录取。 第十四条  在国家核定的年度本科招生规模内,预留不超过本校本科计划总数1%的计划,用于调节生源的不平衡。 第十五条  来源计划网上编制工作结束后,向教育部报送加盖学校公章的计划备案表(由计划管理系统生成),审核通过后,向有关生源地省级招生办公室报送加盖学校公章并已经教育部备案的计划备案表,并按照各省级招生办公室的工作安排及时核对招生计划及相关信息。 全部工作完成后及时向社会公布。  第四章  入学考试第十六条  除运动训练、保送生、高水平运动员文化课单考考生(一级运动员及以上)、华侨和港澳台地区学生以外,其他各专业录取的学生均须参加全国普通高考。 第十七条  报考体育教育专业的考生须参加各省(直辖市、自治区)招生办公室组织的体育专业招生专业课统一考试;报考运动训练专业的考生须参加由我校按照国家体育总局和教育部规定组织的专业课和国家体育总局统www.gaokaopai.com 高考派—高考志愿填报专家

一命题的文化课考试,考试时间、要求及安排以学校2014年运动训练专业招生简章为准;高水平运动员必须参加学校组织的面试(考核)或专项测试,具体要求以学校2014年高水平运动员招生简章为准。 第十八条  报考我校艺术类专业的考生在高考前必须参加相关专业测试:陕西省考生参加陕西省招生办公室组织的专业统考或联考;四川省美术类、音乐类考生参加四川省招生办公室组织的专业统考;其他考生参加各省级招生办公室统一组织的专业测试(且成绩合格)和我校自行组织的专业测试,我校专业测试时间、具体要求及安排以我校2014年艺术类各专业招生简章为准。 第十九条  报考我校自主选拔录取的考生在高考前必须参加我校组织的测试,我校测试时间、具体要求及安排见我校2014年自主选拔录取实施方案。  第五章  录取原则第二十条  学校网上远程录取调阅考生档案比例:按平行志愿方式投档的省(直辖市、自治区)或批次控制在分省招生计划数的100%—105%以内;其他省(直辖市、自治区)或批次控制在110%以内。 第二十一条  各专业录取无男女比例限制。 非西藏生源定向西藏就业的考生须为应届高中毕业生。 对考生身体健康状况的要求参考教育部、卫生部、中国残疾人联合会印发的《普通高等学校招生体检工作指导意见》及有关规定。 认可各省(直辖市、自治区)根据教育部有关文件制定的高考加分优惠政策。 第二十二条  按照《关于印发<非西藏生源定向西藏就业协议书>的通知》(教民司函[2008]63号)的要求,非西藏生源定向西藏就业的考生在填报志愿时除按省级招生办公室要求填涂有关表(卡)外,还需提交“报考高等学校非西藏生源定向西藏就业”书面申请并由考生本人、考生家长或监护人亲笔签名,于高考志愿填报结束后、高考录取结束前将省级招生办公室盖印确认的申请书邮寄至我校招生办公室,否则不予录取。 第二十三条  优先录取第一志愿考生,在第一志愿生源不足的情况下,录取下一志愿的合格考生。 第二十四条  考生的专业安排方法:在内蒙古自治区实行“专业志愿清”录取原则,其他省份按照以下方法安排专业:(1)以调阅档案的考生投档成绩排序,按招生计划数1:1划定预录取分数线。 (2)预录取分数线以上的考生,按照考生所报专业志愿第一志愿优先,第二志愿以后视为平行志愿的原则安排专业(投档成绩相同时,文www.gaokaopai.com 高考派—高考志愿填报专家

化课成绩高者优先)。 (3)专业安排从高分到低分按考生所报专业志愿安排。 未被志愿专业录取且服从调剂的考生,参考考生的相关科目成绩、特长及身体条件等综合考虑安排专业。 在投档成绩和文化课成绩均相同的情况下,我校将以学业水平考试成绩或相关科目成绩等作为录取参考。 (4)对预录取分数线以上、不能满足志愿专业且不服从专业调剂的考生作退档处理,不满额的专业由其他进档考生从高分到低分递补。 第二十五条  对于有学校选考科目的省(直辖市、自治区),除省级招生办公室有明确规定的以外,以考生必考科目加我校选考科目的总分排序从高分到低分进行录取,同等条件下,选考科目成绩高者优先录取。 在选考科目线上考生不足时,可考虑录取兼考科目的考生。 对于实施高考新方案的省(直辖市、自治区),在同等条件下,等级高者优先。 第二十六条  英语、英语(创新实验班)、翻译、国际汉语教育专业只招收英语语种考生,其余各专业不限制外语语种,学生入校后不得更换主修外语语种。 第二十七条  自主选拔录取原则我校自主选拔录取候选考生高考成绩达到所在省(直辖市、自治区)当年同科类本科第一批次录取控制分数线,考生须在省级招生办公室规定的自主选拔录取志愿填报批次第一志愿填报我校(实行平行志愿省份,须将我校填报为平行志愿第一顺位),且专业志愿为我校自主选拔录取考试合格专业,我校予以录取。 我校按照“分数优先,遵循志愿”的原则(分数为自主选拔录取考试成绩,自主选拔考试成绩相同者文化课成绩高者优先)为考生安排专业。 如因志愿批次填报错误导致省级招生办公室不能投档或我校无法录取者,责任由考生自己承担。 第二十八条  艺术类专业录取原则考生须符合户口所在省(直辖市、自治区)艺术类专业录取规定,如省级招生办公室组织相关专业统考或联考,成绩须达到本科合格线。 考生文化课成绩达到我校划定的分数线,我校按照专业课成绩由高到低择优录取:陕西省专业课成绩为省统考或联考成绩,四川省音乐类、美术类专业课成绩为省统考成绩;其他省份考生专业课成绩为我校组织的专业课考试成绩(专业课考试成绩合格者有资格报考),具体方案如下:(1)广播电视编导专业、播音与主持艺术专业录取原则陕西省考生:广播电视编导专业文化课分数线不低于陕西省招生办公室划定的本科第二批次控制分数线,播音与主持艺术专业文化课分数线www.gaokaopai.com 高考派—高考志愿填报专家

不低于陕西省招生办公室划定的本科第二批次控制分数线的80%,按照专业课统考成绩由高到低择优录取(专业课统考成绩相同者,文化课成绩高者优先)。 其他省份考生:文化课分数线主要参考第一志愿考生文化课成绩分布及陕西省文化课分数线确定,对于达到我校文化课分数线的考生,按照我校专业课考试成绩由高到低择优录取(专业课考试成绩相同者,文化课成绩高者优先)。 (2)音乐学(非师范)专业录取原则   陕西省考生:文化课分数线不低于陕西省招生办公室划定的本科第二批次控制分数线的75%,按照专业课联考成绩由高到低择优录取(专业课联考成绩相同者,文化课成绩高者优先)。 其他省份考生:文化课分数线主要参考第一志愿考生文化课成绩分布及陕西省文化课分数线确定,对于达到我校文化课分数线的考生,按照我校专业课考试成绩由高到低择优录取(专业课考试成绩相同者,文化课成绩高者优先)。 (3)音乐表演(非师范)专业录取原则陕西省考生:文化课分数线参考陕西省招生办公室划定的艺术类本科文化课分数线确定,按照专业课联考成绩由高到低择优录取(专业课联考成绩相同者,文化课成绩高者优先)。 其他省份考生:文化课分数线参考考生生源所在省(直辖市、自治区)招生办公室划定的艺术类本科文化课分数线确定,对于达到我校文化课分数线的考生,按照我校专业课考试成绩分方向由高到低择优录取(专业课考试成绩相同者,文化课成绩高者优先)。 (4)其他艺术类专业录取原则文化课分数线参考考生户口所在省(直辖市、自治区)招生办公室划定的艺术类本科文化课分数线确定,陕西省考生和四川省音乐类、美术类考生按照专业课统考或联考成绩由高到低择优录取,其他省份考生按照我校专业课考试成绩由高到低择优录取(专业课考试成绩相同者,文化课成绩高者优先)。 第二十九条  体育类专业录取原则(1)报考体育教育专业的考生,须参加户口所在省(直辖市、自治区)招生办公室组织的体育专业招生专业课统一考试,德智体全面考核,考生户口所在省(直辖市、自治区)招生办公室投档后,我校按专业课成绩由高到低择优录取(专业课考试成绩相同者,文化课成绩高者优先)。 (2)报考运动训练专业的考生,须参加我校组织的专业课、文化课统一考试,由我校划定文化课分数线,分项目按成绩由高到低,择优录取。 第三十条  少数民族预科班只招收少数民族考生,www.gaokaopai.com 高考派—高考志愿填报专家

民考民(协作计划)只招收新疆维吾尔自治区少数民族考生,具体录取办法执行教育部、国家民委及考生所在省(直辖市、自治区)的有关规定。 第三十一条  内地西藏班、内地新疆高中班学生的录取办法执行教育部内地西藏班、内地新疆高中班招生领导小组办公室的有关规定。 第三十二条  非西藏生源定向西藏就业、面向贫困地区定向招生、保送生、高水平运动员及华侨和港澳台地区学生的具体录取办法执行教育部及考生所在省(直辖市、自治区)和联合招生办公室的有关规定。  第六章  新生入学第三十三条  学校各专业均实行按专业招生,入学后按照“2+2”本科人才培养模式培养,原则上前两年按学科大类进行通识培养,后两年按学科专业方向进行专业培养。 自主选拔录取学生不进行专业分流;其他学生入校一年后,学校将根据社会人才需求情况和学生的学习成绩、志愿情况进行一次性专业分流,专业分流办法详见当年《陕西师范大学本科生专业分流实施办法》。 第三十四条  免费师范生、非西藏生源定向西藏就业学生、“面向贫困地区定向招生专项计划”学生录取和入学后的待遇及就业问题执行国家相关政策。 第三十五条  根据国家规定,学生入学须缴纳学费、住宿费等费用。 具体收费标准按照陕西省物价局核定的标准执行。 第三十六条  新生入学3个月内,学校将组织进行全面审查,审查不合格者,按照教育部有关规定处理。  第七章  助学体系第三十七条  为了保证学业优秀、经济困难的学生顺利完成学业,学校建立了 “奖、助、贷、补、减、免”助学体系。 具体内容见我校招生简章和学工网。 网址:http://www.xsc.snnu.edu.cn第八章   附则第三十八条  长安校区通讯地址:西安市长安区西长安街620号,邮编:710119;雁塔校区通讯地址:西安市雁塔区长安南路199号,邮编:710062; 电话:029-85310330,传真:029-85310188;陕西师范大学本科生招生信息网网址:http://zsb.snnu.edu.cn。  第三

十九条  本章程解释权归陕西师范大学招生办公室。 。

陕西师范大学重点专业:

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陕西师范大学全景地图:

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范文2:陕西师范大学专业陕西师范大学招生网站-陕西师范大学分数线【以文搜文】

【陕西师范大学专业】陕西师范大学招生网站-陕西师范大学分数线 第一章????? 总第一文库网则第一条? 根据《中华人民共和国教育法》、《中华人民共和国高等教育法》等相关法律以及教育部的有关规定,为了更好地贯彻教育部“依法治招”的要求、规范学校全日制普通本科招生工作(以下简称招生工作),特制订本章程。 第二条? 学校的校名:陕西师范大学,英文名:Shaanxi Normal University。 陕西师范大学是教育部直属学校、国家教师教育“985”优势学科创新平台建设学校、国家“211工程”重点建设学校。 学校国标代码:10718。 第三条 ?学校位于陕西省西安市,建有长安、雁塔两个校区。 长安校区地址:西安市长安区西长安街620号,雁塔校区地址:西安市雁塔区长安南路199号。 学校办学类型为公办普通高等学校,学习形式为全日制,学生修满规定学分后,毕业时颁发陕西师范大学毕业证书,达到规定标准的毕业生颁发陕西师范大学学士学位证书。 本科招生的主要类别有:普通高考生(含艺术和体育类考生)、保送生、自主选拔录取、内地西藏班、内地新疆高中班、运动训练、高水平运动员、非西藏生源定向西藏就业、面向贫困地区定向招生、少数民族预科学生及华侨和港澳台地区学生。 第四条? 学校招生工作坚持“公平、公正、公开”、德智体全面考核和择优录取的原则。 ?第二章? 组织机构及职责第五条? 学校成立本科生招生工作领导小组,负责对学校本科生招生工作的领导。 学校监察部门全过程参与、监督招生工作。 第六条? 学校本科生招生工作领导小组下设招生办公室,设在教务处,具体负责国家教育部招生工作有关规定的贯彻执行及学校招生工作的组织实施。 ?第三章?? 来源计划编制原则和办法第七条? 以科学发展观为指导,贯彻落实党的十八大精神和《国家中长期教育改革和发展规划纲要》(2010—2020年)。 第八条? 坚持区域协调发展,合理配置教育资源,大力促进教育公平。 第九条? 严格遵照教育部本年度《普通高等学校招生来源计划管理办法》的规定,编制和执行来源计划。 第十条? 根据教育部有关招生政策和来源计划管理的指导性意见,根据我国经济建设和社会发展的需要、学校办学条件和对各地区人才需求的分析、预测,遵照教育部下发的有关www.gaokaopai.com 高考派—高考志愿填报专家

来源计划需求建议,结合近年来各地生源情况和毕业生就业情况,进行年度招生专业结构、区域结构的调整;在国家核定的年度招生规模内,合理编制来源计划并报教育部审核。 ??? 第十一条? 以促进教育公平,构建和谐社会为目标,按照“优化生源结构,促进区域均衡”的原则,坚持区域协调发展和统筹兼顾,在保持各地计划总量相对稳定的同时,将招生计划的增量向高等教育欠发达且生源质量好、生源数量相对较多、升学压力较大的中西部地区倾斜,使全国招生计划安排和分布更趋公平、科学、合理。 为保持学校生源结构的多元化和合理性,在全国各省(直辖市、自治区)均安排招生。 ??? 第十二条? 保送生、自主选拔录取、高水平运动员、运动训练专业、内地西藏班、内地新疆高中班、少数民族预科班(含新疆协作计划)结业生不编制分省计划。 依据教育部下发的需求建议,免费师范生、非西藏生源定向西藏就业、面向贫困地区定向招生计划在本校年度招生规模内,单列编制来源计划。 第十三条? 艺术类专业招生计划编制办法:(1)师范性质艺术类专业依照教育部下发的各省需求,结合校考设点及生源情况编制分省招生计划。 (2)陕西省所有艺术类专业均编制分省招生计划。 其他省份除美术类专业和师范性质艺术类专业外,均不编制分省招生计划,对于我校专业测试合格的一志愿考生达到学校录取标准,则补投计划录取。 第十四条? 在国家核定的年度本科招生规模内,预留不超过本校本科计划总数1%的计划,用于调节生源的不平衡。 第十五条? 来源计划网上编制工作结束后,向教育部报送加盖学校公章的计划备案表(由计划管理系统生成),审核通过后,向有关生源地省级招生办公室报送加盖学校公章并已经教育部备案的计划备案表,并按照各省级招生办公室的工作安排及时核对招生计划及相关信息。 全部工作完成后及时向社会公布。 ?第四章? 入学考试第十六条? 除运动训练、保送生、高水平运动员文化课单考考生(一级运动员及以上)、华侨和港澳台地区学生以外,其他各专业录取的学生均须参加全国普通高考。 第十七条? 报考体育教育专业的考生须参加各省(直辖市、自治区)招生办公室组织的体育专业招生专业课统一考试;报考运动训练专业的考生须参加由我校按照国家体育总局和教育部规定组织的专业课和国家体育总局统www.gaokaopai.com 高考派—高考志愿填报专家

一命题的文化课考试,考试时间、要求及安排以学校2014年运动训练专业招生简章为准;高水平运动员必须参加学校组织的面试(考核)或专项测试,具体要求以学校2014年高水平运动员招生简章为准。 第十八条? 报考我校艺术类专业的考生在高考前必须参加相关专业测试:陕西省考生参加陕西省招生办公室组织的专业统考或联考;四川省美术类、音乐类考生参加四川省招生办公室组织的专业统考;其他考生参加各省级招生办公室统一组织的专业测试(且成绩合格)和我校自行组织的专业测试,我校专业测试时间、具体要求及安排以我校2014年艺术类各专业招生简章为准。 第十九条? 报考我校自主选拔录取的考生在高考前必须参加我校组织的测试,我校测试时间、具体要求及安排见我校2014年自主选拔录取实施方案。 ?第五章? 录取原则第二十条? 学校网上远程录取调阅考生档案比例:按平行志愿方式投档的省(直辖市、自治区)或批次控制在分省招生计划数的100%—105%以内;其他省(直辖市、自治区)或批次控制在110%以内。 第二十一条? 各专业录取无男女比例限制。 非西藏生源定向西藏就业的考生须为应届高中毕业生。 对考生身体健康状况的要求参考教育部、卫生部、中国残疾人联合会印发的《普通高等学校招生体检工作指导意见》及有关规定。 认可各省(直辖市、自治区)根据教育部有关文件制定的高考加分优惠政策。 第二十二条? 按照《关于印发<非西藏生源定向西藏就业协议书>的通知》(教民司函[2008]63号)的要求,非西藏生源定向西藏就业的考生在填报志愿时除按省级招生办公室要求填涂有关表(卡)外,还需提交“报考高等学校非西藏生源定向西藏就业”书面申请并由考生本人、考生家长或监护人亲笔签名,于高考志愿填报结束后、高考录取结束前将省级招生办公室盖印确认的申请书邮寄至我校招生办公室,否则不予录取。 第二十三条? 优先录取第一志愿考生,在第一志愿生源不足的情况下,录取下一志愿的合格考生。 第二十四条? 考生的专业安排方法:在内蒙古自治区实行“专业志愿清”录取原则,其他省份按照以下方法安排专业:(1)以调阅档案的考生投档成绩排序,按招生计划数1:1划定预录取分数线。 (2)预录取分数线以上的考生,按照考生所报专业志愿第一志愿优先,第二志愿以后视为平行志愿的原则安排专业(投档成绩相同时,文www.gaokaopai.com 高考派—高考志愿填报专家

化课成绩高者优先)。 (3)专业安排从高分到低分按考生所报专业志愿安排。 未被志愿专业录取且服从调剂的考生,参考考生的相关科目成绩、特长及身体条件等综合考虑安排专业。 在投档成绩和文化课成绩均相同的情况下,我校将以学业水平考试成绩或相关科目成绩等作为录取参考。 (4)对预录取分数线以上、不能满足志愿专业且不服从专业调剂的考生作退档处理,不满额的专业由其他进档考生从高分到低分递补。 第二十五条? 对于有学校选考科目的省(直辖市、自治区),除省级招生办公室有明确规定的以外,以考生必考科目加我校选考科目的总分排序从高分到低分进行录取,同等条件下,选考科目成绩高者优先录取。 在选考科目线上考生不足时,可考虑录取兼考科目的考生。 对于实施高考新方案的省(直辖市、自治区),在同等条件下,等级高者优先。 第二十六条? 英语、英语(创新实验班)、翻译、国际汉语教育专业只招收英语语种考生,其余各专业不限制外语语种,学生入校后不得更换主修外语语种。 第二十七条? 自主选拔录取原则我校自主选拔录取候选考生高考成绩达到所在省(直辖市、自治区)当年同科类本科第一批次录取控制分数线,考生须在省级招生办公室规定的自主选拔录取志愿填报批次第一志愿填报我校(实行平行志愿省份,须将我校填报为平行志愿第一顺位),且专业志愿为我校自主选拔录取考试合格专业,我校予以录取。 我校按照“分数优先,遵循志愿”的原则(分数为自主选拔录取考试成绩,自主选拔考试成绩相同者文化课成绩高者优先)为考生安排专业。 如因志愿批次填报错误导致省级招生办公室不能投档或我校无法录取者,责任由考生自己承担。 第二十八条? 艺术类专业录取原则考生须符合户口所在省(直辖市、自治区)艺术类专业录取规定,如省级招生办公室组织相关专业统考或联考,成绩须达到本科合格线。 考生文化课成绩达到我校划定的分数线,我校按照专业课成绩由高到低择优录取:陕西省专业课成绩为省统考或联考成绩,四川省音乐类、美术类专业课成绩为省统考成绩;其他省份考生专业课成绩为我校组织的专业课考试成绩(专业课考试成绩合格者有资格报考),具体方案如下:(1)广播电视编导专业、播音与主持艺术专业录取原则陕西省考生:广播电视编导专业文化课分数线不低于陕西省招生办公室划定的本科第二批次控制分数线,播音与主持艺术专业文化课分数线www.gaokaopai.com 高考派—高考志愿填报专家

不低于陕西省招生办公室划定的本科第二批次控制分数线的80%,按照专业课统考成绩由高到低择优录取(专业课统考成绩相同者,文化课成绩高者优先)。 其他省份考生:文化课分数线主要参考第一志愿考生文化课成绩分布及陕西省文化课分数线确定,对于达到我校文化课分数线的考生,按照我校专业课考试成绩由高到低择优录取(专业课考试成绩相同者,文化课成绩高者优先)。 (2)音乐学(非师范)专业录取原则?? 陕西省考生:文化课分数线不低于陕西省招生办公室划定的本科第二批次控制分数线的75%,按照专业课联考成绩由高到低择优录取(专业课联考成绩相同者,文化课成绩高者优先)。 其他省份考生:文化课分数线主要参考第一志愿考生文化课成绩分布及陕西省文化课分数线确定,对于达到我校文化课分数线的考生,按照我校专业课考试成绩由高到低择优录取(专业课考试成绩相同者,文化课成绩高者优先)。 (3)音乐表演(非师范)专业录取原则陕西省考生:文化课分数线参考陕西省招生办公室划定的艺术类本科文化课分数线确定,按照专业课联考成绩由高到低择优录取(专业课联考成绩相同者,文化课成绩高者优先)。 其他省份考生:文化课分数线参考考生生源所在省(直辖市、自治区)招生办公室划定的艺术类本科文化课分数线确定,对于达到我校文化课分数线的考生,按照我校专业课考试成绩分方向由高到低择优录取(专业课考试成绩相同者,文化课成绩高者优先)。 (4)其他艺术类专业录取原则文化课分数线参考考生户口所在省(直辖市、自治区)招生办公室划定的艺术类本科文化课分数线确定,陕西省考生和四川省音乐类、美术类考生按照专业课统考或联考成绩由高到低择优录取,其他省份考生按照我校专业课考试成绩由高到低择优录取(专业课考试成绩相同者,文化课成绩高者优先)。 第二十九条? 体育类专业录取原则(1)报考体育教育专业的考生,须参加户口所在省(直辖市、自治区)招生办公室组织的体育专业招生专业课统一考试,德智体全面考核,考生户口所在省(直辖市、自治区)招生办公室投档后,我校按专业课成绩由高到低择优录取(专业课考试成绩相同者,文化课成绩高者优先)。 (2)报考运动训练专业的考生,须参加我校组织的专业课、文化课统一考试,由我校划定文化课分数线,分项目按成绩由高到低,择优录取。 第三十条? 少数民族预科班只招收少数民族考生,www.gaokaopai.com 高考派—高考志愿填报专家

民考民(协作计划)只招收新疆维吾尔自治区少数民族考生,具体录取办法执行教育部、国家民委及考生所在省(直辖市、自治区)的有关规定。 第三十一条? 内地西藏班、内地新疆高中班学生的录取办法执行教育部内地西藏班、内地新疆高中班招生领导小组办公室的有关规定。 第三十二条? 非西藏生源定向西藏就业、面向贫困地区定向招生、保送生、高水平运动员及华侨和港澳台地区学生的具体录取办法执行教育部及考生所在省(直辖市、自治区)和联合招生办公室的有关规定。 ?第六章? 新生入学第三十三条? 学校各专业均实行按专业招生,入学后按照“2+2”本科人才培养模式培养,原则上前两年按学科大类进行通识培养,后两年按学科专业方向进行专业培养。 自主选拔录取学生不进行专业分流;其他学生入校一年后,学校将根据社会人才需求情况和学生的学习成绩、志愿情况进行一次性专业分流,专业分流办法详见当年《陕西师范大学本科生专业分流实施办法》。 第三十四条? 免费师范生、非西藏生源定向西藏就业学生、“面向贫困地区定向招生专项计划”学生录取和入学后的待遇及就业问题执行国家相关政策。 第三十五条? 根据国家规定,学生入学须缴纳学费、住宿费等费用。 具体收费标准按照陕西省物价局核定的标准执行。 第三十六条? 新生入学3个月内,学校将组织进行全面审查,审查不合格者,按照教育部有关规定处理。 ?第七章? 助学体系第三十七条 ?为了保证学业优秀、经济困难的学生顺利完成学业,学校建立了 “奖、助、贷、补、减、免”助学体系。 具体内容见我校招生简章和学工网。 网址:http://www.xsc.snnu.edu.cn第八章?? 附则第三十八条? 长安校区通讯地址:西安市长安区西长安街620号,邮编:710119;雁塔校区通讯地址:西安市雁塔区长安南路199号,邮编:710062; 电话:029-85310330,传真:029-85310188;陕西师范大学本科生招生信息网网址:http://zsb.snnu.edu.cn。 ?第三

十九条 ?本章程解释权归陕西师范大学招生办公室。 。

陕西师范大学重点专业:

www.gaokaopai.com 高考派—高考志愿填报专家

陕西师范大学全景地图:

陕西师范大学历年分数线:

陕西师范大学报考指南:

陕西师范大学招生计划:

陕西师范大学人气校友:

www.gaokaopai.com 高考派—高考志愿填报专家

范文3:陕西师范大学分数线2015【以文搜文】

  陕西师范大学简称“陕师大”,坐落于古都西安,是中华人民共和国教育部直属的六所重点师范大学之一,国家“211工程”、“985工程优势学科创新平台”建设高校,入选“111计划”、“2011计划”、”海外高层次人才引进计划“、“卓越教师培养计划”高校,“中俄教育类高校联盟”成员,国家师范生免费教育试点高校,是国家培养高等院校、中等学校师资和教育管理干部以及其他高级专门人才的重要基地,被誉为中国西北地区 “ 教师的摇篮 ” 。

  学校是国家教育体制改革首批试点高校,首批博士、硕士学位授权单位,其创建于1944年,前身是陕西省立师范专科学校和国立西北大学文学院的教育学系,1954年定名为西安师范学院。1960年,与陕西师范学院合并,成立陕西师范大学。1978年,划归教育部直属,成为中央部属高校,已发展成为一所在国内外有重要影响的综合性一流师范大学。

  截至2015年3月,学校设雁塔、长安两个校区,占地2700多亩。有18个博士后科研流动站,15个博士学位授权一级学科,40个硕士学位授权一级学科。有国家重点学科4个,国家工程实验室1个,国家级实验教学示范中心3个,国家级仿真实验教学中心2个。

  2015陕西师范大学分省录取分数线(陆续更新中)

省份

提前批

? 一批

二批

三批

理?

北京

592

565

天津

河北

591 

590 

山西

544 

561 

内蒙

辽宁

578 

561 

吉林

黑龙江

546

565

上海

?436 

江苏

345 

345 

浙江

644 

629 

安徽

623 

596 

福建

596

606

?586  

?579 

江西

545 

563 

山东

河南

549 

571 

湖北

548 

561 

湖南

广东

583

596

广西

557 

506 

海南

723 

664 

重庆

四川

贵州

云南

西藏

陕西

甘肃

青海

宁夏

新疆

【更多相关内容分享】

范文4:2014年陕西师范大学排名【以文搜文】

  2014年陕西师范大学全国排名第71位

  陕西师范大学是教育部直属、国家 “211 工程 ” 重点建设大学,国家教师教育 “985” 优势学科创新平台建设高校,是国家培养高等院校、中等学校师资和教育管理干部以及其他高级专门人才的重要基地,被誉为西北地区 “ 教师的摇篮 ” 。

  学校现设有21个学院,2个基础教学部,66个本科专业,18个博士后科研流动站,15个一级博士学位授权点,103个二级博士学位授权点,40个一级硕士学位点,185个二级硕士学位点,1个教育博士专业学位点,20个硕士专业学位点(含工程硕士8个领域)。

  陕西师范大学优势专业排名

  汉语言文学

  数学与应用数学

  英语

  物理学

  化学

  历史学

  地理科学

  思想政治教育

  教育学

  生物科学

  心理

  陕西师范大学全国排名

年份 全国排名 总分排名 科学研究 人才培养 声誉排名
2014 71 64.06 62.67 65.56 63.24
2013 75 62.62 5.43 7.29 6.41
2012 74 6.19 4.89 7.15 5.79
2011 76 5.97 4.51 6.92 7.54
2010 77 5.8 4.81 7.28 1.27
2009 78 5.82 4.68 7.24 1.67

  陕西师范大学在陕西省排名

本省
排名
学校名称 全国
排名
总分
排名
科学
研究
人才
培养
声誉
排名
1 西安交通大学 18 72.13 72.28 72.43 70.25
2 西北工业大学 29 67.82 67.71 67.43 69.95
3 西北大学 37 66.67 66.49 66.81 66.85
4 长安大学 43 65.84 65.76 66.02 65.36
5 西北农林科技大学 52 65.14 64.01 65.79 66.90
6 西安电子科技大学 65 64.50 63.28 65.26 66.19
7 陕西师范大学 71 64.06 62.67 65.56 63.24
8 西安建筑科技大学 133 62.64 61.47 63.95 61.81
9 西安理工大学 139 62.54 61.28 63.89 61.81
10 西安科技大学 199 62.00 60.55 63.42 61.81
11 陕西科技大学 231 61.84 60.29 63.31 61.81
12 西北政法大学 284 61.67 60.22 63.40 60.16
13 西安工业大学 306 61.61 60.37 63.07 60.33
14 西安石油大学 309 61.60 60.39 63.08 60.16
15 西安工程大学 333 61.54 60.20 63.14 60.16
16 西安外国语大学 349 61.50 60.08 63.07 60.49
17 延安大学 357 61.49 60.04 63.16 60.16
18 西安财经学院 410 61.41 60.15 62.93 60.00
19 西安邮电大学 414 61.40 60.08 62.97 60.00
20 陕西中医学院 422 61.39 60.05 62.98 60.00
21 咸阳师范学院 472 61.35 60.07 62.88 60.00
22 西安医学院 516 61.23 60.03 62.49 60.66
23 陕西理工学院 524 61.19 60.07 62.52 60.00
24 宝鸡文理学院 531 61.18 60.08 62.50 60.00
25 西安文理学院 561 61.15 60.03 62.48 60.00
26 渭南师范学院 588 61.14 60.01 62.46 60.00
27 商洛学院 617 61.13 60.00 62.45 60.00
27 榆林学院 617 61.13 60.01 62.45 60.00
27 西安航空学院 617 61.13 60.00 62.46 60.00
27 陕西学前师范学院 617 61.13 60.00 62.45 60.00
31 安康学院 683 60.03 60.01 60.05 60.00

范文5:陕西师范大学中文专业【以文搜文】

陕西师范大学中文专业

古代汉语试题(A)

一、填空题。(每空1分,共11分)

1、“姜氏欲之,焉辟害”一句中的“辟”与“避”是一对 。

A、古今字 B、通假字 C、异体字 D、繁简字

2、具有使动用法的词类有 、 和 。

3、“亟请于武公,公弗许”一句中,“亟”的词性是 。

4、古书中因传抄刻印而误增加的字叫 ,脱落的字叫 。

5、“梁父即楚将项燕”一句属于 句式。

6、下列各词中属于疑问代词的有: 、 。

吾、谁、余、莫、斯、夫、奚、其、或、若

7、丁种句“仄仄仄平平”的第三字必须是仄声,如果用了平声,句式就成了“仄仄平平平”,末尾连续出现三个平声,这叫做 。

二、指出下列汉字的形体结构。(每字0.5分,共10分)

十 指 步 鼎 鱼 视 帛 羊 下 至

末 载 牧 寸 防 舂 网 甘 莫 手

象形

指事

会意

形声

三、指出下列各句加点词的意义,并指出该意义是本义还是引申义。(每题2分,共12分)

1、昔楚灵王好细要。

2、有时朝发白帝,暮到江陵。

3、臣侍君宴,过三爵,非礼也。

4、防民之口,甚于防川。

5、其御之妻自门间而窥其夫。

6、伐木不自其本,必复生。

四、指出下列句子中加点词的古义与今义,并说明古今义的差异。(每题2分,共12分)

1、饮于河渭,河渭不足,北饮大泽。

2、孟孙才其母死,哭泣无涕,中心不戚。

3、同心之言,其臭如兰。

4、秦父兄怨此三人,痛入骨髓。

5、能谤讥于市朝,闻寡人之耳者,受下赏。

6、朽木不可雕也,粪土之墙不可杇也,于予与何诛?

五、指出下列各句中活用的词,并指出其用法及意义。(每题2分,共12分)

1、其家甚智其子,而疑邻人之父。

2、范增数目项王,举所佩玉玦以示之者三。

3、诸侯恐惧,会盟而谋弱秦。

4、君为我呼入,吾得兄事之。

5、秦时与臣游,项伯杀人,臣活之。

6、於是乘其车,揭其剑,过其友曰:“孟尝君客我!”

六、标出下首律诗的平仄,并指出拗救。(10分)

赋得古原草送别

白居易

离离原上草,一岁一枯荣。

野火烧不尽,春风吹又生。

远芳侵古道,晴翠接荒城。

又送王孙去,凄凄满别情。(加“?”者为入声字)

七、阅读下段古文并回答问题。

晏子没十有七年,景公饮诸大夫酒,公射出质,堂上唱善,若出一口。公作色太息,播弓矢。弦章入,公曰:“章!自吾失晏子,于今十有七年,未尝闻吾过不善。今射出质,而唱善者若出一口。”弦章对曰:“此诸臣之不肖也。知不足以知君之不善,勇不足以犯君之颜色。然而有一焉,臣闻之,君好之,则臣服之;君嗜之,则臣食之。夫尺蠖食黄则其身黄,食苍则其身苍。君其犹有谄人之言乎?”公曰:“善。今日之言,章为君,我为臣。”是时海人入鱼,公以五十乘赐弦章归,鱼乘塞涂。抚其御之手,曰:“曩者之唱善者,皆欲若鱼者也。昔者晏子辞赏以正君,故过失不掩。今诸臣谄谀以干利,故出质而唱善如出一口。今所辅于君未见于众,而受若鱼,是反晏子之义,而顺谄谀之欲也。”固辞鱼不受。君子曰:“弦章之廉,乃晏子之遗行也。”

——《说苑?君道》

1、解释文中加点词的意义。(4分)

2、标出文中的判断句。(3分)

3、翻译文中画横线的句子。(6分)

八、标点并翻译下段古文。(20分)

昔者楚共王与晋厉公战于鄢陵楚师败而共王伤其目酣战之时司马子反渴而求饮其右竖谷阳操觞酒而进之子反曰嘻退酒也竖谷阳曰非酒也水也子反之为人也嗜酒而甘之弗能绝于口而醉战既罢共王欲复战令人召司马子反司马子反辞以心疾共王驾而自往入其幄中闻酒臭而还曰今日之战不谷亲伤所恃者司马也而司马又醉如此是亡楚国之社稷而不恤吾民也不谷无复战矣于是还师而去斩司马子反以为大戮竖谷阳之进酒也不以仇子反也其心忠爱之而适足以杀之故曰行小忠则大忠之贼也

——《韩非子?十过》

附参考答案及评分标准

一、本题共11分,每空1分。

1、A、古今字;

2、名词、动词、形容词;

3、副词;

4、衍文(衍字、衍),脱文(脱字、脱、夺);

5、判断;

6、谁、奚;

7、三平调。

二、本题共10分,每字0.5分。

象形:鼎鱼羊网手

指事:十下末寸甘

会意:步至牧舂莫

形声:指视帛载防

三、本题共12分,每小题2分,其中指出加点词的意义1分,指出属于本义或引申义1分。

1、要:腰,本义;

2、发:出发,引申义;

3、过:超过,引申义;

4、防:防备,堵塞,引申义;

5、间:门缝,本义;

6、本:树根,本义。

四、本题共12分,每小题2分,其中指出加点词的古义与今义各0.5分,指出古今义之间的差异1分。

1、河:古义专指黄河、今义泛指河流,词义范围扩大;

2、涕:古义指眼泪、今义指鼻涕,词义范围转移;

3、臭:古义泛指各种气味、今义专指臭味,词义范围缩小;

4、怨:古义指痛恨、今义指埋怨,词义程度由重变轻;

5、谤:古义指背后议论人、今义指毁谤或造谣中伤,词义感情色彩由中性变成贬义;

6、诛:古义指责备、今义指杀掉、杀死,词义程度由轻变重。

五、本题共12分,每小题2分,其中指出活用的词1分,说明用法1分。

1、智:形容词意动用法,认为……聪明;

2、目:名词用作动词,用已经示意;

3、弱:形容词使动用法,使……削弱;

4、兄:名词作状语,用对待兄长的礼节;

5、活:动词使动用法,使……活下来;

6、客:名词意动用法,把……当成客人。

六、本题共10分,其中标出平仄8分,指出拗字和救字各1分;评分时每句1分,每错一处扣0.5分,扣完本句1分为止。(符号说明:○平可平可仄、△拗、*救。)

赋得古原草送别

白居易

离离原上草,一岁一枯荣。平平平仄仄,仄仄仄平平。

野火烧不尽,春风吹又生。仄仄平仄△仄,平平平*仄平。

远芳侵古道,晴翠接荒城。○仄平平仄仄,○平仄仄平平。

又送王孙去,戚戚满别情。仄仄平平仄,平平仄仄平。(“不”字拗、“吹”字救)

七、阅读下段古文并回答问题。(本题共14分,具体标准如下)

1、解释文中加点词的意义。(每词0.5分,意思相同也可以给分。)

色:脸色。 不肖:不象样,不贤明。 涂:同“途”,路途,道路。 御:御者,驾车人。 曩者:先前,从前。 干:求取。 反:背离,违背。 固:坚决。

2、本文中的判断句:(指出一处1分,指出三处即可。)

①此诸臣之不肖也。

③今所辅于君未见于众,而受若鱼,是反晏子之义,而顺谄谀之欲也。

④弦章之廉,乃晏子之遗行也。

3、翻译:(每句2分,具体标准如下,翻译意思大致标准即可给分。)

①晏子去世十七年后,景公请诸大夫喝酒(1分),景公射箭出了靶子,堂上大夫叫好的声音,象出自一人之口(1分)。

②臣听说过,国君喜好什么,那么臣子就会服从他(1分);国君嗜好什么,那么臣子就会给国君进献什么(1分)。

③先前晏子谢绝赏赐用来匡正国君(1分),所以国君的过失不能掩饰(1分)。

八、本题共20分,其中标点7分,翻译13分。评分时,每错三处标点扣1分,扣完6分为止;翻译每句1分,译文准确无误得满分,基本准确但有表达错误得0.5分,译文错误不得分。标点如下:

昔者楚共王与晋厉公战于鄢陵,楚师败而共王伤其目。酣战之时,司马子反渴而求饮,其右竖谷阳操觞酒而进之。子反曰:“嘻!退,酒也。”竖谷阳曰:“非酒也,水也。”子反之为人也,嗜酒而甘之,弗能绝于口而醉。战既罢,共王欲复战,令人召司马子反。司马子反辞以心疾。共王驾而自往,入其幄中,闻酒臭而还,曰:“今日之战,不谷亲伤,所恃者司马也。而司马又醉如此,是亡楚国之社稷而不恤吾民也。不谷无复战矣。”于是还师而去,斩司马子反以为大戮。竖谷阳之进酒也,不以仇子反也,其心忠爱之,而适足以杀之。故曰:行小忠则大忠之贼也。

——《韩非子?十过》

翻译:

以前楚共王和晋厉公在鄢陵战斗,楚军战败楚共王伤了眼睛。战斗正激烈的时候,司马子反口渴了想要得到水喝,他的车右竖谷阳捧着一杯酒献给他。子反说:“嘿!拿走,这是酒。”竖谷阳说:“不是酒,是水。”子反的为人,喜好喝酒并认为这酒很甘美,不能停口地喝就醉了。战斗结束后,楚共王想再次作战,命令人召见司马子反。司马子反借口自己心有病就拒绝了。楚共王亲自驾车过去,进入子反的帐中,闻到酒味后就回去了。说:“今天这场战斗,我亲自受了伤,所依靠的就是司马,而司马又醉成了这个样子,这是灭亡我们楚国的社稷并且不体恤我们的民众呀。我是不能再和晋军作战了。”于是回师离开,杀了司马子反并把他的尸体示众。竖谷阳献酒并不是专门为了仇恨子反的,其实是心里忠爱子反,却正巧杀害了他。所以说:施行小的忠心就会成为大忠的残害者。

古代汉语练习题(下)

一、解释下列术语:(14分)

1、正义 2、衍文 3、脱文 4、粘

5、对 6、三平调 7、孤平

二、填空题:(每空1分,共12分)

1、具有使动用法的词类有 、 和 ;具有使动用法的词类有

和 。

2、“五谷谓稻黍稷麦菽也”一句中使用的注释术语是 ,“泮读为畔”一句使用的注释术语是 。

3、“治骨曰切,象曰磋,玉曰琢,石曰磨”一句中使用的注释术语是 。

4、一首律诗分为四联,它们依次是 、 、 、 。

三、指出下列各句中活用的词,并指出其用法及意义。(每题2分,共14分)

1、诸侯恐惧,会盟而谋弱秦。

2、宦官惧其毁己也,皆共目之。

3、孔子登东山而小鲁,登泰山而小天下。

4、少时,一狼径去,其一犬坐于前。

5、(冯谖)乘其车,揭其剑,过其友曰:“孟尝君客我!”

6、操军方连船舰,首尾相接,可烧而走也。

7、是故远人不服,则修文德以来之。

四、简答题:

1、写出《十三经注疏》包含的典籍及其注疏者。(13分)

2、简要说明近体诗在字数(句数)、押韵两个方面的要求。(6分)

五、标出下列近体诗的平仄格式,有拗救的请指明。(20分)

1、城阙辅三秦,风烟望五津。与君离别意,同是宦游人。海内存知己,天涯若比邻。无为在歧路,儿女共沾巾。(王勃?送杜少府之任蜀川)

2、晨起动征铎,客行悲故乡。鸡声茅店月,人迹板桥霜。檞叶落山路,枳花明驿墙。因思杜陵梦,凫雁满回塘。(温庭筠?商山早行)

六、翻译下列短文:(21分)

四年春齐侯以诸侯之师侵蔡蔡溃遂伐楚楚子使与师言曰君处北海寡人处南海唯是风马牛不相及也不虞君之涉吾地也何故管仲对曰昔召康公命我先君大公曰五侯九伯女实征之以夹辅周室赐我先君履东至于海西至于河南至于穆陵北至于无棣尔贡包茅不入王祭不共无以缩酒寡人是征昭王南征而不复寡人是问对曰贡之不入寡君之罪也敢不共给昭王之不复君其问诸水滨师进次于陉

——《左传?僖公四年》

附:参考答案及评分标准(下)

一、解释下列术语:(14分)

1、正义:又叫“疏”,(1分)是唐代兴起的一种新的注释方式,这种注释方式既对经文正文注释,也对前代人的注释做注释。(1分)

2、衍文:校勘术语,也叫“衍字、衍”,(1分)指古书在传抄刻印过程中误增加的字。(1分)

3、脱文:校勘术语,也叫“脱字、夺字、脱”等,(1分)指古书在传抄刻印过程中误脱落的字。(1分)

4、粘:近题诗在平仄方面的要求之一,指在一首诗中,(1分)下联出句的第二个字必须和

上联对句的第二个字平仄相同。(1分)

5、对:近题诗在平仄方面的要求之一,指在一首诗中,(1分)是指同一联中对句和出句的平仄应当相对(尤其是双数字及句尾)。(1分)

6、三平调:丁种句“仄仄仄平平”的第三字(七言“平平仄仄仄平平”则为第五字)必须是仄声,(1分)如果用了平声,句式就成了“仄仄平平平”,末尾连续出现三个平声,这叫做“三平调”,是近体诗绝对不允许的。(1分)

7、孤平:乙种句“平平仄仄平”(七言“仄仄平平仄仄平”)中,第一字(七言第三字)必须为平声,(1分)如果用了仄声,句式就变成了“仄平仄仄平”,除去韵脚字是平声以外只有一个字是平声这叫做“犯孤平”。(1分)

二、填空题:(每空1分,共12分)

1、动词、形容词、名词;形容词、名词 2、谓,读为

3、曰 4、首联、颔联、颈联、尾联

三、指出下列各句中活用的词,并指出其用法及意义。(每题2分,共14分)

本题共14分,每小题2分,其中指出活用的词1分,说明用法1分。

1、弱:(1分)形容词使动用法,使……削弱;(1分)

2、目:(1分)名词用为一般动词,用眼睛示意;(1分)

3、小:(1分)形容词意动用法,认为……小;(1分)

4、犬:(1分)名词作状语,象犬一样;(1分)

5、客:(1分)名词意动用法,把……当成客人;(1分)

6、走:(1分)动词使动用法,使……逃走、打败。(1分)

7、来:(1分)动词使动用法,使……来、归附。(1分)

四、简答题:

1、写出《十三经注疏》包含的典籍及其注疏者。(13分)

答:《十三经注疏》所包含的典籍及注疏者是:

《诗经》,(0.5分)唐孔颖达疏;(0.5分)

《易经(周易)》,(0.5分)唐孔颖达疏;(0.5分)

《尚书》,(0.5分)唐孔颖达疏;(0.5分)

《礼记》,(0.5分)唐孔颖达疏;(0.5分)

《仪礼》,(0.5分)唐贾公彦疏;(0.5分)

《周礼》,(0.5分)唐贾公彦疏;(0.5分)

《春秋左氏传》,(0.5分)唐孔颖达疏;(0.5分)

《春秋公羊传》,(0.5分)唐徐彦疏;(0.5分)

《春秋谷梁传》,(0.5分)杨士勋疏;(0.5分)

《孝经》,(0.5分)宋邢昺疏;(0.5分)

《论语》,(0.5分)宋邢昺疏;(0.5分)

《尔雅》,(0.5分)宋邢昺疏;(0.5分)

《孟子》,(0.5分)宋孙奭疏。(0.5分)

2、简要说明近体诗在字数(句数)、押韵两个方面的要求。(6分)

答:近体诗对字数的要求非常严格,近体诗句数一般律诗八句,绝句四句。句数必须是偶数。(1分)字数上有的每句五字,称五言,五言律诗简称五律,五言绝句简称五绝;(1分)有的是七字,称七言,七言律诗简称七律,七言绝句简称七绝。(1分)

近体诗的押韵有以下几个要求:1、偶数句必须押韵(有时首句也可以押韵);(1分)2、必须押平声韵;(1分)3、必须一韵到底,不能中间换韵(必须押同一个韵部的韵)。(1分)

五、标出下列近体诗的平仄格式,有拗救的请指明。(20分)

1、本题共10分,其中标出平仄8分,指出拗救各1分;评分时每句1分,每错一处扣0.5分,扣完本句1分为止。(符号说明:○平、○仄可平可仄、△拗、*救。)

○平仄仄平平,平平仄仄平。

○仄平平仄仄,○平仄仄平平。

仄仄平平仄,平平仄仄平。

平平仄平仄,○平仄仄平平。“在”字拗,“歧”字救。

△ *

2、本题共10分,其中标出平仄8分,指出拗救各0.5分;评分时每句1分,每错一处扣0.5分,扣完本句1分为止。(符号说明:○平、○仄可平可仄、△拗、*救。)

○平仄仄平仄,仄平平仄平。“动、客”拗,“悲”字救。

△ △ *

平平平仄仄,○平仄仄平平。

仄仄仄平仄,仄平平仄平。“落、枳”拗,“明”字救。

△ △ *

平平仄平仄,○平仄仄平平。“杜”字拗,“陵”字救。

△ *

六、翻译下列短文:(本题共21分,其中标点7分,翻译14分。评分时,每错三处标点扣1分,扣完7分为止;翻译每句1分,译文准确无误得满分,基本准确但有表达错误得0.5分,译文错误不得分。)

四年春,齐侯以诸侯之师侵蔡。蔡溃,遂伐楚。楚子使与师言曰:“君处北海,寡人处南海,唯是风马牛不相及也。不虞君之涉吾地也,何故?”管仲对曰:“昔召康公命我先君大公曰:?五侯九伯,女实征之,以夹辅周室。?赐我先君履:东至于海,西至于河,南至于穆陵,北至于无棣。尔贡包茅不入,王祭不共,无以缩酒,寡人是征。昭王南征而不复,寡人是问。”对曰:“贡之不入,寡君之罪也,敢不共给?昭王之不复,君其问诸水滨。”师进,次于陉。 ——《左传?僖公四年》

参考译文:

鲁僖公四年的春天,齐侯率领诸侯的军队侵入蔡国。蔡国溃败,接着讨伐楚国。楚子派使者到诸侯军队说道:“国君您居住在北海,寡人居住在南海,这就象风马牛不相及。没料到君王竟到了我们的领土上,这是什么原因?”管仲回答说:“以前召康公命令我们的先君太公说:?五侯九伯,你都可以征伐他们,来辅助周王室。?赐给我们先君征伐的范围:东到大海,西到黄河,南到穆陵,北到无棣。你们应该进贡的包茅没有缴纳,王室的祭品供应不上,没有东西用来缩酒,寡人来责问这件事。昭王向南巡行没有回来,寡人来责问这件事。”回答说:“贡品没有缴纳,这是我们国君的罪过,怎敢不供给?昭王没有回来您,还是到水边去问。

范文6:陕西师范大学专业【以文搜文】

陕西师范大学

? 学习流程

1. 陕西师范大学新生录取完成后,由高校统一发布学习平台帐号及密码。学生日常学习中进行课件点播、平时作业答题,均可登录陕西师范大学远程教育学院

(http://sde.snnu.edu.cn/wljy/default.aspx)进行操作。

2. 网络教育学习过程中,每年有两次作业及两次考试。陕师学生平时作业分为考查课作业、考评课作业,均计入总分。作业完成后进行课程考试,课程考试为高校自主命

题并提供考前模拟题,以方便学生答题。陕师课程考试正考时间为3月和8月,考试时间均为周末,不会耽误学生正常工作。

3. 学生学习成绩的考核为:总评成绩=平时作业所占成绩30%+课程考试所占成绩60%+平台登录10%。

4. 报考网络教育专升本层次的学生,必须参加并通过部分公共基础课的全国统一考试(简称“统考”)作为毕业条件之一。统考科目为:大学英语B、计算机应用基础。

统考每年举行三次,4月、9月和12月进行。

相关统考免考规定为:(1)已具有国民教育系列本科以上学历(含本科),可免考全部统考科目;(2)除计算机类专业学生外,获得全国计算机等级考试一级B或以上级别证书者可免考“计算机应用基础”;(3)在入学注册时年龄满40周岁的非英语专业学生,可免考“大学英语”;(4)除英语专业学生外,获得全国公共英语等级考试(PETS)三级或以上级别证书者、省级教育行政部门组织的成人教育学位英语考试合格证书者,可免考“大学英语”;(5)户籍(以身份证信息为准)在少数民族聚居地区的少数民族学生,可免考“大学英语”。

? 毕业流程

1. 高起专学生在学校规定的弹性学制内完成所学课程且成绩合格者,在完成学生信息采集后,可准备毕业。

2. 专升本学生在学校规定的弹性学制内完成所学课程且成绩合格者,在两门统考成绩合格、论文提交、完成学生信息采集后,可准备毕业。

? 学士学位

1.根据高校要求,符合下述条件者,可授予成人高等教育学士学位(每年三月份申报):

(1)上年度毕业生及当年1月毕业生;(2)参加陕西省学位办组织的成人学位外语考试且成绩合格;(3)教学计划规定的主干课程成绩达到70分(含70分)以上;

(4)完成毕业论文并通过答辩,评定成绩达到良好(含良好)以上。

2.陕西地区学士学位英语考试时间为每年一次,考试时间为11月。

部分专业设置

范文7:陕西师范大学专业应用【以文搜文】

陕西师范大学专业应用

1. 【思想政治教育】:能在中等学校从事思想政治教育课程教学研究工作,能在党政机关、中等及以上学校从事马克思主义理论与思想政治教育工作。

2. 【哲学】:能够在教育、科研机构、党政机关、企事业单位、大专院校等从事马克思主义哲学、中国哲学、外国哲学和科学技术哲学、伦理学、逻辑学等研究、教学、理论宣传与实际工作。

3. 【行政管理】:适合从事各级党政机关、社会团体和企事业单位的行政管理工作,以及从事高等院校和科研机构的行政管理教学、研究工作。

4. 【社会学】:能在各类企事业单位、社会团体从事社会调查、政策研究与评估、社会规划与管理、发展研究与预测等工作。

5. 【化学】:能胜任在重点中学进行化学教学和化学研究,既懂化学专业知识、又懂教育规律的教学及教育行政管理工作等,能胜任在化学及与化学相关的科学技术和其它领域从事科研、教学、技术及相关管理工作。

6. 【 应用化学】:能胜任在科研机构、高等院校、工矿企业、事业单位从事技术开发、科学研究的高级专门人才。

7. 【学前教育】:能够在各类学前教育师资培养机构和托幼机构从事教学、研究、保教、管理和服务以及各类儿童社会教育服务机构、儿童文化事业单位和儿童用品设计与生产部门工作。

8. 【教育学(非师范)】:能胜任教学管理、教育行政和教育科学研究的复合型高级专门人才。

9. 【心理学】:能够在科研机构、高等院校从事与心理学相关的科学研究及教学、管理等实践工作。

10. 【应用心理学】:能够在教育、企业、行政管理等部门从事心理健康辅导、心理咨询与治疗、人力资源测评等工作。

11. 【音乐学】:培养掌握音乐教育理论、基础知识和基本技能,具有创新精神、实践能力和一定教育教学研究能力的高素质音乐教育工作者。

12. 【音乐学(非师范)】:主要为音乐研究单位的专业研究、专业艺术院校专业理论教学、社会实用性音乐创作、艺术行政管理部门的综合管理等培养一专多能的应用型人才。主要有音乐学方向、作曲方向、视唱练耳方向、音乐应用方向(音乐编辑与录音 、音乐事业策划与管理、音乐文学与批评)等方向。

13. 【舞蹈学(非师范)】:培养掌握舞蹈学科基本理论、基础知识与基本技能,具有相当程度的舞蹈表演和舞蹈编导能力。

14. 【表演(音乐表演方向)】:能够在音乐表演单位、专业教学单位、音乐研究单位及

艺术行政管理部门从事表演、教学、研究及管理工作。

15. 【计算机科学与技术】:能从事信息技术课程教学的重点中学师资及教育行政管理人

员。

16. 【软件工程】:能够从事软件分析、设计、开发、维护等工作,以及软件工程项目的

组织与管理,能够适应计算机软件技术快速发展的多层次、实用型、复合型软件工程技术人才和软件工程管理人才。

17. 【信息管理与信息系统】:培养能够适应信息技术发展,具备现代管理学理论基础、信

息技术知识及应用能力,掌握信息处理和信息系统分析与设计方法以及信息管理等方面知识与能力的多层次复合型、实用型人才。

18. 【计算机科学与技术(创新实验班)】:培养掌握计算机科学与技术特别是网络技术方

面的基础理论、应用原理,具有在网络管理与信息安全、网络软件、移动通信与无线网络技术等领域开展研究与应用的基本能力的专门人才。

19. 【地理科学】:从事基础地理教育的教师。

20. 【地理科学(创新实验班)】:培养地理科学领域内,从事资源环境科学研究和管理

人才及从事基础地理教育的教师。

21. 【旅游管理】:能够在各级旅游行政管理部门、旅游企事业单位从事旅游管理、旅

游开发的专门旅游人才,且为各级各类旅游专业院校培养师资。

22. 【地理信息科学】:能在科研机构、高等院校或地理信息产业公司从事科学研究、教

学及产品研发等工作的复合型专门人才,能胜任在城市、区域、资源、环境、交通、人口、住房、土地、基础设施和规划管理等领域从事与地理信息系统有关的应用研究、技术开发等工作。

23. 【环境科学】:能在科研机构、高等院校、企事业单位及行政部门从事科研、教学、

环境保护与管理等工作,能胜任环境保护、城市建设、企业环保、国土资源、城市治理等行业。

24. 【教育技术学】:从事多媒体教学、网络远程教育和教学软硬件设计、开发、应用的

教育技术专业人才。

25. 【教育技术学(创新实验班)】:从事多媒体教学、网络远程教育和教学软硬件设计、

开发、应用的教育技术。

26. 【新闻学】:能在广播、电视、报社、网站从事编辑、采访与媒体经营管理工作。

27. 【编辑出版学】:能在新闻、出版、文化、教育部门从事编辑、出版、发行工作。

28. 【播音与主持艺术】:能在广播电台、电视台从事播音与主持工作。

29. 【广播电视编导】:为各级电视台、广播电台、音像出版社、影视制作公司、企事业

单位、广播电视宣传部门等机构培养出镜记者、编导、电视节目摄像、剪辑等方面一

专多能的复合型人才。就业去向多为电台、电视台、影视公司、网络公司、电影厂及政府和企事业单位的宣传文化部门。

30. 【生物科学】:从事生物教学及教学研究人员以及教育管理工作者。

31. 【生物学(基地班)】:培养高水平的现代生物学教学和科研人才。

32. 【生物技术】:从事生物技术有关的研究、技术开发、生产管理和从事生物技术教学

等方面。

33. 【食品科学与工程】:能在食品领域从事食品企业管理、质量控制、新技术研发和工

程设计等方面工作。

34. 【食品质量与安全】:能在食品企业、国家机关、教学科研等部门从事食品质量与安

全检测、监测、评价、预警、控制、认证及监管工作,以及能够从事食品质量与安全标准制定、食品质量安全教学科研工作。

35. 【汉语言文学】:国家级特色专业。

36. 【中国语言文学(基地班)】:培养新世纪高水平的文科基础学科教学和科学研究人

才。

37. 【秘书学】:秘书学概论、秘书实务、秘书史、公文写作、秘书礼仪、办公自动化等。

38. 【英语】、【英语(创新实验班)】、【翻译】:能胜任国际会议同声传译和文件笔

译、会展现场口笔译、政府部门高级口笔译和工程文件翻译、影视翻译工作的英汉同声传译或笔译人才及从事翻译教学和翻译研究工作。

39. 【俄语】:满足社会对中、高级专业翻译人员、国际贸易及俄语教学人才的需求。

40. 【日语】:培养方向为外事、经贸、旅游管理等方面的专门人才。

41. 【历史学】:该专业专门培养优秀的中学历史教师。

42. 【文物与博物馆学】:能从事文物与博物馆管理与研究工作。

43. 【古典文献学】:从事图书管理以及文献整理、文化事业等工作。

44. 【体育教育】:培养高等院校、中等专业学校、普通中学的体育师资。

45. 【运动训练】:从事运动训练教学、科研、管理等方面工作。

46. 【数学与应用数学】:培养能在高等院校、科研机构、重点中学以及教育行政管理等

部门从事教学、科研、管理与开发的高层次专门人才。

47. 【 信息与计算科学】:培养具有良好的数学基础和数学思维能力,掌握信息与计算科

学的基础理论、方法和技能,能解决信息处理和工程计算中实际问题的高级专门人才。

48. 【统计学】:培养富有开拓创新精神,具有较强实践能力、自主学习能力和国际视野,

适应科学技术发展和现代化建设需要的在科技、教育和经济部门从事科学研究和教学工作的研究型高级专门人才,或在生产经营及管理部门从事统计调查、数据信息挖掘和管理工作的高素质复合型统计专业人才。

49. 【视觉传达设计】:计算机设计基础、标志设计、POP设计、网页设计、路牌广告设

计、包装设计、CIS形象设计、二维动画短片、艺术设计作品赏析等。培养方向主要为满足社会需要的视觉传达方面的优秀设计人才及教学科研人员。

50. 【环境设计】:计算机三维设计、环境景观设计、公共建筑设计、建筑装饰与构造、

住宅室内空间设计、家具造型艺术设计、仿生设计、广告与装潢设计、陈设艺术设计、商业展示与博览设计等。培养方向主要为能够独立从事环境艺术设计、创作、教学和研究工作。

51. 【 绘画(国画、动画方向)】:国画方向培养方向主要是文化艺术部门、学校及有关

事业单位从事绘画创作、教学、研究、宣传等工作的专门人才。

动画方向能够在动画公司、电视台、影视制作公司、网络传媒机构、数字娱乐公司、

游戏研发部门、广告公司、文化机构等单位从事动画原画创作、动画编导、动画制作及动画设计管理等工作。

52. 【电子信息科学与技术】:能在电子信息科学技术、光信息科学技术及声信息科学与

技术等领域从事科学研究、教学、技术开发、产品设计、生产技术或理论工作。

53. 【经济学】:能够综合运用经济、信息技术、会计、法律、管理、外语等方面知识,在

政府、企业、金融和高校等部门从事相应工作。

54. 【金融学】:能够在政府管理部门、跨国公司、金融机构和高等院校从事金融管理、

公司财务管理以及教学科研工作。

55. 【市场营销】:能在企业、事业单位从事市场开拓、营销管理、营销咨询和策划、市

场调查与研究工作。

56. 【人力资源管理】:能够在工商企业、事业单位和政府部门从事人力资源开发与管理

工作。

57. 【财务管理】:能够从事公司、金融部门、社会中介机构、企事业单位等经济管理工

作的财务管理工作。

58. 【电子商务】:能够在IT行业,企事业单位,政府部门从事有关电子商务系统规划、

设计、开发、应用、运作管理工作以及从事有关电子商务方面教学与科研工作。

59. 【汉语国际教育】:能在国内外有关部门、文化企事业单位从事中外文化交流及相关

工作的专门人才。

60. 【材料化学】:能在材料科学与工程及其相关领域从事研究、教学、科技开发及相关

管理工作。

范文8:陕西师范大学中文专业【以文搜文】

陕西师范大学中文专业

古代汉语试题(A)

一、填空题。(每空1分,共11分)

1、“姜氏欲之,焉辟害”一句中的“辟”与“避”是一对 。

A、古今字 B、通假字 C、异体字 D、繁简字

2、具有使动用法的词类有 、 和 。

3、“亟请于武公,公弗许”一句中,“亟”的词性是 。

4、古书中因传抄刻印而误增加的字叫 ,脱落的字叫 。

5、“梁父即楚将项燕”一句属于 句式。

6、下列各词中属于疑问代词的有: 、 。

吾、谁、余、莫、斯、夫、奚、其、或、若

7、丁种句“仄仄仄平平”的第三字必须是仄声,如果用了平声,句式就成了“仄仄平平平”,末尾连续出现三个平声,这叫做 。

二、指出下列汉字的形体结构。(每字0.5分,共10分)

十 指 步 鼎 鱼 视 帛 羊 下 至

末 载 牧 寸 防 舂 网 甘 莫 手

象形

指事

会意

形声

三、指出下列各句加点词的意义,并指出该意义是本义还是引申义。(每题2分,共12分)

1、昔楚灵王好细要。

2、有时朝发白帝,暮到江陵。

3、臣侍君宴,过三爵,非礼也。

4、防民之口,甚于防川。

5、其御之妻自门间而窥其夫。

6、伐木不自其本,必复生。

四、指出下列句子中加点词的古义与今义,并说明古今义的差异。(每题2分,共12分)

1、饮于河渭,河渭不足,北饮大泽。

2、孟孙才其母死,哭泣无涕,中心不戚。

3、同心之言,其臭如兰。

4、秦父兄怨此三人,痛入骨髓。

5、能谤讥于市朝,闻寡人之耳者,受下赏。

6、朽木不可雕也,粪土之墙不可杇也,于予与何诛?

五、指出下列各句中活用的词,并指出其用法及意义。(每题2分,共12分)

1、其家甚智其子,而疑邻人之父。

2、范增数目项王,举所佩玉玦以示之者三。

3、诸侯恐惧,会盟而谋弱秦。

4、君为我呼入,吾得兄事之。

5、秦时与臣游,项伯杀人,臣活之。

6、於是乘其车,揭其剑,过其友曰:“孟尝君客我!”

六、标出下首律诗的平仄,并指出拗救。(10分)

赋得古原草送别

白居易

离离原上草,一岁一枯荣。

野火烧不尽,春风吹又生。

远芳侵古道,晴翠接荒城。

又送王孙去,凄凄满别情。(加“?”者为入声字)

七、阅读下段古文并回答问题。

晏子没十有七年,景公饮诸大夫酒,公射出质,堂上唱善,若出一口。公作色太息,播弓矢。弦章入,公曰:“章!自吾失晏子,于今十有七年,未尝闻吾过不善。今射出质,而唱善者若出一口。”弦章对曰:“此诸臣之不肖也。知不足以知君之不善,勇不足以犯君之颜色。然而有一焉,臣闻之,君好之,则臣服之;君嗜之,则臣食之。夫尺蠖食黄则其身黄,食苍则其身苍。君其犹有谄人之言乎?”公曰:“善。今日之言,章为君,我为臣。”是时海人入鱼,公以五十乘赐弦章归,鱼乘塞涂。抚其御之手,曰:“曩者之唱善者,皆欲若鱼者也。昔者晏子辞赏以正君,故过失不掩。今诸臣谄谀以干利,故出质而唱善如出一口。今所辅于君未见于众,而受若鱼,是反晏子之义,而顺谄谀之欲也。”固辞鱼不受。君子曰:“弦章之廉,乃晏子之遗行也。”

——《说苑?君道》

1、解释文中加点词的意义。(4分)

2、标出文中的判断句。(3分)

3、翻译文中画横线的句子。(6分)

八、标点并翻译下段古文。(20分)

昔者楚共王与晋厉公战于鄢陵楚师败而共王伤其目酣战之时司马子反渴而求饮其右竖谷阳操觞酒而进之子反曰嘻退酒也竖谷阳曰非酒也水也子反之为人也嗜酒而甘之弗能绝于口而醉战既罢共王欲复战令人召司马子反司马子反辞以心疾共王驾而自往入其幄中闻酒臭而还曰今日之战不谷亲伤所恃者司马也而司马又醉如此是亡楚国之社稷而不恤吾民也不谷无复战矣于是还师而去斩司马子反以为大戮竖谷阳之进酒也不以仇子反也其心忠爱之而适足以杀之故曰行小忠则大忠之贼也

——《韩非子?十过》

附参考答案及评分标准

一、本题共11分,每空1分。

1、A、古今字;

2、名词、动词、形容词;

3、副词;

4、衍文(衍字、衍),脱文(脱字、脱、夺);

5、判断;

6、谁、奚;

7、三平调。

二、本题共10分,每字0.5分。

象形:鼎鱼羊网手

指事:十下末寸甘

会意:步至牧舂莫

形声:指视帛载防

三、本题共12分,每小题2分,其中指出加点词的意义1分,指出属于本义或引申义1分。

1、要:腰,本义;

2、发:出发,引申义;

3、过:超过,引申义;

4、防:防备,堵塞,引申义;

5、间:门缝,本义;

6、本:树根,本义。

四、本题共12分,每小题2分,其中指出加点词的古义与今义各0.5分,指出古今义之间的差异1分。

1、河:古义专指黄河、今义泛指河流,词义范围扩大;

2、涕:古义指眼泪、今义指鼻涕,词义范围转移;

3、臭:古义泛指各种气味、今义专指臭味,词义范围缩小;

4、怨:古义指痛恨、今义指埋怨,词义程度由重变轻;

5、谤:古义指背后议论人、今义指毁谤或造谣中伤,词义感情色彩由中性变成贬义;

6、诛:古义指责备、今义指杀掉、杀死,词义程度由轻变重。

五、本题共12分,每小题2分,其中指出活用的词1分,说明用法1分。

1、智:形容词意动用法,认为……聪明;

2、目:名词用作动词,用已经示意;

3、弱:形容词使动用法,使……削弱;

4、兄:名词作状语,用对待兄长的礼节;

5、活:动词使动用法,使……活下来;

6、客:名词意动用法,把……当成客人。

六、本题共10分,其中标出平仄8分,指出拗字和救字各1分;评分时每句1分,每错一处扣0.5分,扣完本句1分为止。(符号说明:○平可平可仄、△拗、*救。)

赋得古原草送别

白居易

离离原上草,一岁一枯荣。平平平仄仄,仄仄仄平平。

野火烧不尽,春风吹又生。仄仄平仄△仄,平平平*仄平。

远芳侵古道,晴翠接荒城。○仄平平仄仄,○平仄仄平平。

又送王孙去,戚戚满别情。仄仄平平仄,平平仄仄平。(“不”字拗、“吹”字救)

七、阅读下段古文并回答问题。(本题共14分,具体标准如下)

1、解释文中加点词的意义。(每词0.5分,意思相同也可以给分。)

色:脸色。 不肖:不象样,不贤明。 涂:同“途”,路途,道路。 御:御者,驾车人。 曩者:先前,从前。 干:求取。 反:背离,违背。 固:坚决。

2、本文中的判断句:(指出一处1分,指出三处即可。)

①此诸臣之不肖也。

③今所辅于君未见于众,而受若鱼,是反晏子之义,而顺谄谀之欲也。

④弦章之廉,乃晏子之遗行也。

3、翻译:(每句2分,具体标准如下,翻译意思大致标准即可给分。)

①晏子去世十七年后,景公请诸大夫喝酒(1分),景公射箭出了靶子,堂上大夫叫好的声音,象出自一人之口(1分)。

②臣听说过,国君喜好什么,那么臣子就会服从他(1分);国君嗜好什么,那么臣子就会给国君进献什么(1分)。

③先前晏子谢绝赏赐用来匡正国君(1分),所以国君的过失不能掩饰(1分)。

八、本题共20分,其中标点7分,翻译13分。评分时,每错三处标点扣1分,扣完6分为止;翻译每句1分,译文准确无误得满分,基本准确但有表达错误得0.5分,译文错误不得分。标点如下:

昔者楚共王与晋厉公战于鄢陵,楚师败而共王伤其目。酣战之时,司马子反渴而求饮,其右竖谷阳操觞酒而进之。子反曰:“嘻!退,酒也。”竖谷阳曰:“非酒也,水也。”子反之为人也,嗜酒而甘之,弗能绝于口而醉。战既罢,共王欲复战,令人召司马子反。司马子反辞以心疾。共王驾而自往,入其幄中,闻酒臭而还,曰:“今日之战,不谷亲伤,所恃者司马也。而司马又醉如此,是亡楚国之社稷而不恤吾民也。不谷无复战矣。”于是还师而去,斩司马子反以为大戮。竖谷阳之进酒也,不以仇子反也,其心忠爱之,而适足以杀之。故曰:行小忠则大忠之贼也。

——《韩非子?十过》

翻译:

以前楚共王和晋厉公在鄢陵战斗,楚军战败楚共王伤了眼睛。战斗正激烈的时候,司马子反口渴了想要得到水喝,他的车右竖谷阳捧着一杯酒献给他。子反说:“嘿!拿走,这是酒。”竖谷阳说:“不是酒,是水。”子反的为人,喜好喝酒并认为这酒很甘美,不能停口地喝就醉了。战斗结束后,楚共王想再次作战,命令人召见司马子反。司马子反借口自己心有病就拒绝了。楚共王亲自驾车过去,进入子反的帐中,闻到酒味后就回去了。说:“今天这场战斗,我亲自受了伤,所依靠的就是司马,而司马又醉成了这个样子,这是灭亡我们楚国的社稷并且不体恤我们的民众呀。我是不能再和晋军作战了。”于是回师离开,杀了司马子反并把他的尸体示众。竖谷阳献酒并不是专门为了仇恨子反的,其实是心里忠爱子反,却正巧杀害了他。所以说:施行小的忠心就会成为大忠的残害者。

古代汉语练习题(下)

一、解释下列术语:(14分)

1、正义 2、衍文 3、脱文 4、粘

5、对 6、三平调 7、孤平

二、填空题:(每空1分,共12分)

1、具有使动用法的词类有 、 和 ;具有使动用法的词类有

和 。

2、“五谷谓稻黍稷麦菽也”一句中使用的注释术语是 ,“泮读为畔”一句使用的注释术语是 。

3、“治骨曰切,象曰磋,玉曰琢,石曰磨”一句中使用的注释术语是 。

4、一首律诗分为四联,它们依次是 、 、 、 。

三、指出下列各句中活用的词,并指出其用法及意义。(每题2分,共14分)

1、诸侯恐惧,会盟而谋弱秦。

2、宦官惧其毁己也,皆共目之。

3、孔子登东山而小鲁,登泰山而小天下。

4、少时,一狼径去,其一犬坐于前。

5、(冯谖)乘其车,揭其剑,过其友曰:“孟尝君客我!”

6、操军方连船舰,首尾相接,可烧而走也。

7、是故远人不服,则修文德以来之。

四、简答题:

1、写出《十三经注疏》包含的典籍及其注疏者。(13分)

2、简要说明近体诗在字数(句数)、押韵两个方面的要求。(6分)

五、标出下列近体诗的平仄格式,有拗救的请指明。(20分)

1、城阙辅三秦,风烟望五津。与君离别意,同是宦游人。海内存知己,天涯若比邻。无为在歧路,儿女共沾巾。(王勃?送杜少府之任蜀川)

2、晨起动征铎,客行悲故乡。鸡声茅店月,人迹板桥霜。檞叶落山路,枳花明驿墙。因思杜陵梦,凫雁满回塘。(温庭筠?商山早行)

六、翻译下列短文:(21分)

四年春齐侯以诸侯之师侵蔡蔡溃遂伐楚楚子使与师言曰君处北海寡人处南海唯是风马牛不相及也不虞君之涉吾地也何故管仲对曰昔召康公命我先君大公曰五侯九伯女实征之以夹辅周室赐我先君履东至于海西至于河南至于穆陵北至于无棣尔贡包茅不入王祭不共无以缩酒寡人是征昭王南征而不复寡人是问对曰贡之不入寡君之罪也敢不共给昭王http://http://www.wenku1.com/news/FEAF38D796377E26.html之不复君其问诸水滨师进次于陉

——《左传?僖公四年》

附:参考答案及评分标准(下)

一、解释下列术语:(14分)

1、正义:又叫“疏”,(1分)是唐代兴起的一种新的注释方式,这种注释方式既对经文正文注释,也对前代人的注释做注释。(1分)

2、衍文:校勘术语,也叫“衍字、衍”,(1分)指古书在传抄刻印过程中误增加的字。(1分)

3、脱文:校勘术语,也叫“脱字、夺字、脱”等,(1分)指古书在传抄刻印过程中误脱落的字。(1分)

4、粘:近题诗在平仄方面的要求之一,指在一首诗中,(1分)下联出句的第二个字必须和

上联对句的第二个字平仄相同。(1分)

5、对:近题诗在平仄方面的要求之一,指在一首诗中,(1分)是指同一联中对句和出句的平仄应当相对(尤其是双数字及句尾)。(1分)

6、三平调:丁种句“仄仄仄平平”的第三字(七言“平平仄仄仄平平”则为第五字)必须是仄声,(1分)如果用了平声,句式就成了“仄仄平平平”,末尾连续出现三个平声,这叫做“三平调”,是近体诗绝对不允许的。(1分)

7、孤平:乙种句“平平仄仄平”(七言“仄仄平平仄仄平”)中,第一字(七言第三字)必须为平声,(1分)如果用了仄声,句式就变成了“仄平仄仄平”,除去韵脚字是平声以外只有一个字是平声这叫做“犯孤平”。(1分)

二、填空题:(每空1分,共12分)

1、动词、形容词、名词;形容词、名词 2、谓,读为

3、曰 4、首联、颔联、颈联、尾联

三、指出下列各句中活用的词,并指出其用法及意义。(每题2分,共14分)

本题共14分,每小题2分,其中指出活用的词1分,说明用法1分。

1、弱:(1分)形容词使动用法,使……削弱;(1分)

2、目:(1分)名词用为一般动词,用眼睛示意;(1分)

3、小:(1分)形容词意动用法,认为……小;(1分)

4、犬:(1分)名词作状语,象犬一样;(1分)

5、客:(1分)名词意动用法,把……当成客人;(1分)

6、走:(1分)动词使动用法,使……逃走、打败。(1分)

7、来:(1分)动词使动用法,使……来、归附。(1分)

四、简答题:

1、写出《十三经注疏》包含的典籍及其注疏者。(13分)

答:《十三经注疏》所包含的典籍及注疏者是:

《诗经》,(0.5分)唐孔颖达疏;(0.5分)

《易经(周易)》,(0.5分)唐孔颖达疏;(0.5分)

《尚书》,(0.5分)唐孔颖达疏;(0.5分)

《礼记》,(0.5分)唐孔颖达疏;(0.5分)

《仪礼》,(0.5分)唐贾公彦疏;(0.5分)

《周礼》,(0.5分)唐贾公彦疏;(0.5分)

《春秋左氏传》,(0.5分)唐孔颖达疏;(0.5分)

《春秋公羊传》,(0.5分)唐徐彦疏;(0.5分)

《春秋谷梁传》,(0.5分)杨士勋疏;(0.5分)

《孝经》,(0.5分)宋邢昺疏;(0.5分)

《论语》,(0.5分)宋邢昺疏;(0.5分)

《尔雅》,(0.5分)宋邢昺疏;(0.5分)

《孟子》,(0.5分)宋孙奭疏。(0.5分)

2、简要说明近体诗在字数(句数)、押韵两个方面的要求。(6分)

答:近体诗对字数的要求非常严格,近体诗句数一般律诗八句,绝句四句。句数必须是偶数。(1分)字数上有的每句五字,称五言,五言律诗简称五律,五言绝句简称五绝;(1分)有的是七字,称七言,七言律诗简称七律,七言绝句简称七绝。(1分)

近体诗的押韵有以下几个要求:1、偶数句必须押韵(有时首句也可以押韵);(1分)2、必须押平声韵;(1分)3、必须一韵到底,不能中间换韵(必须押同一个韵部的韵)。(1分)

五、标出下列近体诗的平仄格式,有拗救的请指明。(20分)

1、本题共10分,其中标出平仄8分,指出拗救各1分;评分时每句1分,每错一处扣0.5分,扣完本句1分为止。(符号说明:○平、○仄可平可仄、△拗、*救。)

○平仄仄平平,平平仄仄平。

○仄平平仄仄,○平仄仄平平。

仄仄平平仄,平平仄仄平。

平平仄平仄,○平仄仄平平。“在”字拗,“歧”字救。

△ *

2、本题共10分,其中标出平仄8分,指出拗救各0.5分;评分时每句1分,每错一处扣0.5分,扣完本句1分为止。(符号说明:○平、○仄可平可仄、△拗、*救。)

○平仄仄平仄,仄平平仄平。“动、客”拗,“悲”字救。

△ △ *

平平平仄仄,○平仄仄平平。

仄仄仄平仄,仄平平仄平。“落、枳”拗,“明”字救。

△ △ *

平平仄平仄,○平仄仄平平。“杜”字拗,“陵”字救。

△ *

六、翻译下列短文:(本题共21分,其中标点7分,翻译14分。评分时,每错三处标点扣1分,扣完7分为止;翻译每句1分,译文准确无误得满分,基本准确但有表达错误得0.5分,译文错误不得分。)

四年春,齐侯以诸侯之师侵蔡。蔡溃,遂伐楚。楚子使与师言曰:“君处北海,寡人处南海,唯是风马牛不相及也。不虞君之涉吾地也,何故?”管仲对曰:“昔召康公命我先君大公曰:?五侯九伯,女实征之,以夹辅周室。?赐我先君履:东至于海,西至于河,南至于穆陵,北至于无棣。尔贡包茅不入,王祭不共,无以缩酒,寡人是征。昭王南征而不复,寡人是问。”对曰:“贡之不入,寡君之罪也,敢不共给?昭王之不复,君其问诸水滨。”师进,次于陉。 ——《左传?僖公四年》

参考译文:

鲁僖公四年的春天,齐侯率领诸侯的军队侵入蔡国。蔡国溃败,接着讨伐楚国。楚子派使者到诸侯军队说道:“国君您居住在北海,寡人居住在南海,这就象风马牛不相及。没料到君王竟到了我们的领土上,这是什么原因?”管仲回答说:“以前召康公命令我们的先君太公说:?五侯九伯,你都可以征伐他们,来辅助周王室。?赐给我们先君征伐的范围:东到大海,西到黄河,南到穆陵,北到无棣。你们应该进贡的包茅没有缴纳,王室的祭品供应不上,没有东西用来缩酒,寡人来责问这件事。昭王向南巡行没有回来,寡人来责问这件事。”回答说:“贡品没有缴纳,这是我们国君的罪过,怎敢不供给?昭王没有回来您,还是到水边去问。

范文9:陕西师范大学第二专业《写作》作业【以文搜文】

《写作》作业

I. Directions: Correct the errors in the following sentences and write down the correct sentences in the corresponding space on your answer sheet.

Example:

After seeing an offensive mouthwash ad on television. I resolved never to buy that brand again. After seeing an offensive mouthwash ad on television, I never resolved to buy that brand again.

1.He failed to pass the examination he was lazy.

2.I pretended to be happy. To stop my mother from worrying.

3.I waited for him, moreover I saved him a seat.

4.The candidate in some elections with charm defeats the one with ideas.

5.While walking in the street, a car hit the old man.

6.I enjoy Beethoven, or I like Bach even better.

7.He had little opportunity for schooling most of study was done by himself at night by the light of a fireplace.

8 No matter how far away from home a person is. He will always try to get home in time for this big dinner.

9. The doctor suggested plenty of food, rest, and exercising.

10. Sometimes the best way is to remain absolutely silent to impress people.

11.Turning to the left suddenly, a pistol pointed at him

12.I enjoy Beethoven, or I like Bach even better.

13.Before you say you love me, I will not marry you.

14.I love my husband, and I can’t stand his mother.

15.Dilapidated and almost an eyesore, Shirley bought the old house to restore it to its original beauty.

16.Having tucked the children into bed, the cat was put out for the night.

17.Financial aid is a growing problem for many college students.

18he picnic will be ruined and it rains tomorrow.

19. He soon realized this fact straightway busied himself about his own affairs without further thought of John.

20. She now develops my ideas more fully and gives enough detail. To make each point convincing.

21. Come to class prepare to take notes and with some questions to ask.

22. As soon as she finished the history exam. Mary began to study for her math quiz.

23. Having walked for the whole day, finally a farmhouse came into view.

II. Sentence Combination:

1.a. The diamond necklace is expensive.

b. It is also a thing of beauty. ( not only ? but also )

2.a. More and more universities are creating loan plans to aid middle-income families.

b. Middle-income families are not rich enough to pay rising college cost.

c. Middle-income families are not poor enough to qualify for assistance.( attributive clause &

neither ? nor?)

3.a. He has strength.

b. The strength is superior.

c. He has ability.

d. The ability is dramatic.

e. The ability is powerful.

f. He has looks.

g. The looks are good.

h. The looks are boyish.

4.a. She wrapped the package.

b. She wrapped the package as quickly as she could.

c. She reached the post office.

d. The post office was closed.

5.a. The doctor recommended John an exercise.

b. The exercise would not harm him.

c. The exercise would not tire him.

d. The exercise would strengthen his muscles.

e. The exercise would increase his lung power.

f. The exercise would stimulate his heart.

g. The exercise would improve his circulation.

( that clause; neither?nor? but?and?)

III. Choose the topic sentence

(I) Directions: Read the following paragraphs and spot the topic sentence of each paragraph. Write the number of the topic sentence in the corresponding space on your answer sheet.

A

_________________________________________________________.

(1) Eating lunch is one of my favorite pastimes. (2) Because lunch comes in the middle of the day, it gives me a welcome break from studying. (3) At school, lunch means thirty minutes out of class and a chance to rest after the morning’s work. (4) While eating, I can plan what I’m going to do in the afternoon. (5) And besides offering a pleasant break in the day, lunch always a good meal.

B

_________________________________________________________.

(1)Develop a good attitude about test. (2) The purpose of a test is to show what you have learned about a subject. (3) The world won’t end if you don’t pass a test. (4) Don’t worry excessively about a single test. (5) Tests provide grades, but they also let you know what you need to spend more time studying. (6) They help make your new knowledge permanent.

C

_________________________________________________________.

⑴Study regularly. ⑵Go over your notes as soon as you can after class.⑶Review important points mentioned in class as well as points you remain confused about. ⑷ Read about these points in your textbook. ⑸ If you know what the teacher will discuss the next day, skim and read that material too .⑹ This will help you understand the next class. ⑺ If you review your notes and text-book regularly, the material will become more meaningful and you will remember it longer.

(II) Directions: Read the following paragraphs carefully and select the best topic sentence from the four possible answers that follow each paragraph. Write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space on your answer sheet.

A Topic sentence:

Normally a student must attend a certain number of courses in order to graduate, and each course which he attends gives him a credit which he may count towards a degree. In many American universities the total work for a degree consists of thirty-six courses. A typical course consists of three classes per week for fifteen weeks; while attending a university a student will probably attend four or five courses during each semester. Normally a student would expect to take four years attending two semesters each year.

A).Normally a student would at least attend 12 classes each week.

B).American university students are usually under pressure of their studies.

C).How many years do you have to stay at university to get a degree?

D).How many courses do you have to take to get a degree?

B Topic sentence : .

Ideally, a school system should be one in which the love of leading, rather than the acquisition of facts, is cultivated; one in which the spirit of inquiry is encouraged. Ideally, family and government policy should be to see that we have a great number of books—any books. A person with a book is a real person alive on the earth; without a book he is a fool.

A).We don’t need to read books.

B).We should have a lot of books.

C).The family and the government should see that we have many books.

D).Buying books is encouraged.

C

Topic sentence:_____________________________________________.

E-mail is often used for quick exchange of news, information, and schedules that will otherwise occur over the telephone while it lacks the richness of vocal inflection and the immediate and interactive qualities of a telephone conversation, it avoids the annoyance of telephone tag. Moreover, both parties to an E-mail exchange can deal with the communication at times convenient for them, without interruptions into other business. Many people find it hard to ignore a ringing telephone, even when they are in the middle of something else. E-mail messages arrive with little or no notice and will

wait indefinitely. If both parties check their electronic mail reasonably and frequently each day, an exchange can be completed within a few hours and with minimum inconvenience.

A.Both E-mail and telephone are convenient means by which to realize successful communication.

B.We can not over-emphasize the advantages of E-mail.

C.Both E-mail and telephone have advantages and disadvantages.

D.Although E-mail messages are written, they share characteristics with telephone calls; E-mail has

D

Topic sentence: ____________________________________________.

Jefferson was more than six feet tall, thin but strong, with an informality of manner that was often criticized. “His clothes seem too small for him,” one writer reported. “He sits as if he were at home, among friends; his face has a sunny look; his whole figure has a loose, informal appearance. His speech seems loose, without organization; yet he scatters information wherever he goes.”

A. Jefferson was more than six feet tall.

B. Jefferson’s clothes were too small for him.

C. What Jefferson was like.

D. Jefferson scattered information wherever he went.

IV. Directions: Rearrange the following numbered sentences so that they will read logically. Put the numbers in proper sequence in the corresponding space on your answer sheet.

A

1.Since then, the whole country has been observing Mother’s Day.

2.Mother’s Day comes on the second Sunday in May.

3.More and more churches, cities followed the example and set aside the day to honor mother.

4.In 1910, a member of a church in Philadelphia planned the Sunday morning service to honor her own mother.

B

The time necessary for this is 5 to 10 minutes.

Other experiments have shown that brain needs time to ‘digest’ what has been learnt.

During this break it is important the right side of the brain, because the left side is used during a learning period.

After a break of this time the memory will have absorbed what it just learnt, and more will be remembered.

Listening to music, breathing in fresh air, and looking at a picture, are all ways of using the other side of the brain.

a few advantages, as well as some disadvantages, in comparison to telephone.

C

1. She always had to pay the full price for her ride.

2.Then she reached the age of sixty and got her senior citizen’s card, but when she used it for the first time on the bus, it made her feel very old.

3. Mrs. Mathews was very happy when she heard this.

4.The bus driver had often seen her travelling on the bus before, and he notice that she was feeling unhappy, so after she had paid her money, he winked at her and whispered, “ Don’t forget to give your mother’s card back to her when you see her again.”

5. Women may get the card when they are sixty.

6. Senior citizens are permitted to travel cheaply on a bus if they have a special card.

7. Mrs. Mathews lived in the country but she went into town once a week to buy food and other things

D

1. From this example we can see that your brain chooses the visual information which is useful to you, and rejects the information which it does not need.

2. Our eyes give us information all the time.

3. For example, if you walk down a crowded street, you will see many faces.

4. But you will probably not really notice them.

5. The way we see things is more complicated then we imagine.

6. But our brains decide what is important to us.

V. Read the following paragraphs and write down the numbers of the four irrelevant sentences in the corresponding space on your answer sheet.

A

(1)Every family has its own traditions at Christmas. (2) Some exchange presents first thing on Christmas morning. (3) Others put all the presents around the Christmas tree and wait until evening before giving them out. (4) Every one gets two or three days off work for Christmas. (5) But all families have a huge Christmas dinner --- usually at midday. (6) If they can afford it they have a turkey and ham, followed by Christmas pudding. (7) But most people stay at home and have a lazy day.

B

____ ____

(1) A nurse in a big hospital has many important responsibilities. (2) There are many nurses working the Atlanta hospitals. (3) She has to feed and bathe her patients and make them comfortable. (4)She

has to make sure she gives the right medicine to the right patient. (5) Nurses often go out to dinner with the doctors. (6) A good nurse must keep up with medical science by reading professional journals.

C

____ ____ ____ ____

(1) House reform will benefit both the country and the majority of urban citizen. (2) Perhaps there are still some residents against the idea. (3) On the one hand, the government expects another economic growth point to be formed by collecting public funds through selling houses, which therefore is bound to stimulate the fast growth in the national economy. (4) So housing reform shouldn’t be neglected.

(5) On the other hand, it is only through the purchase of houses that individuals are likely to make their Utopian dream --- owing a house of their own --- come true; moreover, public funds for housing are the key to urban residents’ housing problem. (6) Who is willing to live in a dim, stuffy house?

(7) However, to make the reform a success is by no means an easy task.

D

⑴ In America, Mother’s Day is celebrated on the second Sunday in May. ⑵ I want to tell you today how the idea of having a special day for mothers began. ⑶ On that day we send our mother a special Mother’s Day card, and perhaps some flowers or candy, to show out love and appreciation for all they have done for us. ⑷ It all started over a hundred years ago with a woman named Anne May Jarvis. ⑸ Although Mother’s Day is a relatively new holiday in America, more other countries are also setting aside a day to honor their mothers.

VI. Directions: Write an essay on the topic “The Qualifications for a Good Teacher”. Your essay should NOT be less than 200 words.

1.The Qualifications for a Good Teacher

2.Teachers and Students

3.Why I like My Job

4.My Opinion on Examinations

范文10:陕西师范大学第二专业《语法》作业【以文搜文】

《语法》作业

(一)

I. elect one answer from the choices provided after each sentence. The word you choose should fit the blank in the sentence:

1. Fifteen miles (seems, seem) like a long walk to me.

2. Either my brothers or my father (is, are) coming.

3. The rest of the novel (is, are) very interesting.

4. Our family (is, are) a happy one.1

5. It was reported that six (was, were) including a boy.

6. Between the two buildings (stands, stand) a monument.

7. Every boy and every girl in this room (is, are) entitled to a copy.

8. Few of my family really (understands, understand) me.

9. What caused the accident and who was responsible for it (remains, remain) a mystery to us.

10. I, who (is, am) your good friend, will share your joys and sorrows.

11. There are two roads and either (leads, lead) to the station.

12. The whole class (was, were) greatly moved at his words.

13. The wounded (is, are) being taken good care of here now.

14. The police (is, are) searching for a prisoner.

15. The United Nations (was, were) founded in 1945.

16. All that can be eaten (has, have) been eaten up.

17. Nothing but cars (is, are) sold in the shop.

18. His brother, rather than his parents, (is, are) to blame.

19. There (comes, come) the three noisy children from next door.

20. The boy sitting by the window is the only one of the students who (is, are) from the countryside in our school.

21. He suffers from diabetes, which (is, are) a kind of chronic disease.

22. My father, together with some of his old friends, (has, have) been there already.

23. Those who (enjoys, enjoy) singing may join us.

24. Many a student (has made, have made) that mistake before.

25. Deer (runs, run) faster than dogs.

26. No one except Jack and Tom (knows, know) the answer.

27. Half of the material (has, have) been taken away.

28. More than one student (has, have) failed the exam.

29. Because there (is, are) so many students in that class, I can sometimes sleep in the back row.

30. Some of the water (has, have) already gone bad.

31. My family as well as I (am, are) glad to see you.

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32. Twenty miles (is, are) a long way to cover.

33. Over 80 percent of the population (is, are) workers.

34. Politics (is, are) one of the subjects that I study.

35. There (is, are) priceless jeweler on display at the exhibition hall.

36. Each of the footballers (weighs, weigh) over 150 pounds.

37. Measles (is, are) an infectious disease.

38. Each man and each woman there (is, are) asked to help.

39. At the foot of the mountain (was, were) two enormous vineyards, both owned by the same woman.

40. Neither Luis nor his parents (is, are) the least bit interested in keeping in touch with her. 41The United Nations (was, were) formed in San Francisco in 1945.

42The government (is, are) doing its best to boost production.

43That family (is, are) a very happy one.

44The football team (is, are) having baths and then coming back here for tea.

45A lot of machinery (was, were) imported from abroad.

46The public (was, were) convinced of his innocence.

47War and peace (is, are) a constant theme in history.

487John, rather than his roommates, (is, are) to blame.

49Many a boy (was, were) disappointed after seeing the film.

50A number of pages (is, are) badly torn.

51There (is, are) more than one answer to your question.

52All of the fruit (looks, look) ripe.

II.Choose the best answer from the four choices given:

1. Can you lend me _______ pencil so that I can finish _______ test?

A. a?the B. a?a C. the?the D. the?a

2. This is ________ first time that the child has seen ________ elephant.

A. a?a B. a?the C. the?an D. a?an 3. When Linda was a child, her mother always let her have bed.

A. the breakfast in B. the breakfast in the

C. breakfast in D. breakfast in the

4. ______ usually go to church every Sunday.

A. The Brown B. A Brown C. Browns D. The Browns

5. The investigators found that more should be done for ________ in India.

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A. those poor B. a poor C. poor D. the poor

6. The city assigned a policeman to the school crossing because ________ traffic there was so heavy.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

7. I had ________ trouble with ________ car this morning.

A. a?a B. /?a C. /?the D. the?the

8. He has promised to give up ________ hundreds of times.

A. a tobacco B. tobacco C. the tobacco D. tobaccos

9. The train is running fifty miles ________.

A. an hour B. one hour C. the hour D. a hour

10. They told me that they had ________ respect for their employer.

A. a B. the C. / D. quite a

11. Ann’s habit of riding a motorcycle up and down the road early in the morning annoyed the neighbors and ________ they took her to the court.

A. in the end B. at the end C. in an end D. in end

12. He grabbed me ________ and pulled me onto the bus.

A. by an arm B. an arm C. the arm D. by the arm

13. She is wearing ________ beautiful dress her mother bought her.

A. / B. a C. an D. the

14. I love ________ mountains, but I hate ________ sea.

A. the?the B. /?the C. /?/ D. the?/

15. Hundreds of people are ________ now, so there are about 50 people trying for the same position.

A. out of the work B. out work C. out of work D. out of a work

16. I didn’t know why he looked angry when I patted him ________.

A. on the head B. on head C. on a head D. on his head

17. The DMZ extends about two hundred kilometers ________.

A. from east to west B. from the east to west

C. from the east to the west D. from eastern to western

18. Never travel with ________ who leaves you in case of danger.

A. the friend B. that friend C. a friend D. friend

III.Put the verbs in brackets into the proper tenses:

1. I wish I ________ (be) handsome.

2. I ________ (see) Bill this morning, but I ________ (not see) him since.

3. I __________ (know) Carl since I __________ (be) a little child.

4. It’s high time we _________ (go) now.

5. She ________ (see) her doctor twice a week.

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6. The room ________ (measure) five metros by four.

7. If you ________ (ask) me, I would have told you the whole story.

8. If the weather ________ (be) not warm, you couldn’t grow tobacco.

9. I ________ (write) an essay since two o’clock.

10. You ________ (live) in North London, don’t you?

11. I’d rather you ________ (go) now.

12. Helen ________ (tell) me you are seriously ill. Why didn’t you tell me yourself?

13. I’ll make sure that everything ________ (be) in order.

14. We must take an umbrella. It ________ (rain).

15. A: Do you like this silk dress?

B: Yes, I do. It ________ (feel) so soft.

16. I don’t think Jim saw me; he ________ (read) a book at that moment.

17. We _____ (begin) to learn English five years ago. We ____ it for five years up to now.

18. Mr. Smith _______ (write) a book about China last year, but I don’t know whether he has finished it.

19. It just isn’t fair: while I __________ (work) as a waiter last month, my friends __________ (lie) on the beach.

20. George ________ (get) up at five o’clock every day this week to prepare for his examination.

21. If only I ________ (have) more money, I could buy some new clothes.

22. I ________ (listen) to the radio when you ________ (ring) the bell the first time, that’s why I ________ (not hear) you.

23. There ________ (be) no hospitals in my hometown fifty years ago.

24. Jane ________ (buy) a new dress every month when she was in Shanghai.

25. A: I called you at seven yesterday evening, but there was no answer.

B: Oh, I am sorry. I ________ (have) dinner at my friend’s home.

26. Mrs. Smith ________ (leave) her keys in the office, so she had to wait until her husband ________ (come) home.

27. When the teacher came in, the students ________ (talk) about the new film.

28. A: Did you see Tom at the party?

B: No, he ________ (leave) by the time I got there.

29. A: Don’t forget to ask him to write to me.

B: I won’t. As soon as he ________ (come), I’ll ask him to write to you.

30. While the train _______ (still move), a great many men suddenly ______ (jump) out. I _______ (think) that something terrible _______ (happen), so I ______ (run) away. 31. I ________ (know) Miss Huggins for several years. I (read) her latest novel, but I . (not finish) it yet.

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32. When she (arrive) I (telephone) Harry. (=She arrived during my telephone call.)

33. As soon as I (know), I’ll ring you up. 34. If he (study) harder, he will catch up with us soon. 35. Frank (come) to see his grandma if he (be) free tomorrow. 36. We were all surprised when he made it clear that he (leave) office soon. 37. He turned off the light and then (leave). 38. Our geography teacher told us yesterday that the earth (turn) around the sun. 39If I ________ (have) a better command of the language, I ________ (try) to translate the book into English.

40Jane suggested that we ________ (do) the work in three groups.

41It is quite important that we ________ (keep) all the things discussed here a secret.

42I’ll keep a seat for you in case you ________ (change) your mind.

43If she ________ (take) more exercises, she ________ (be) much healthier

44. If she had not been ill, she ________ (not miss) so many lessons.

45. I am not tired. If I were tired, I ________ (have) a rest.

46. I wish I ________ (have) more spare time.

47If I ________ (know) her address, I would write to her.

48. You are late. If you had come a few minutes earlier, you ________ (see) our old friend Tom.

49. It is time we ________ (begin) our discussion.

IV. Put into the blanks an appropriate modal auxiliary verb from the brackets:

1. Although the boy is only eight years old, he ________ (must, can, may, should) speak English very well.

2. This dictionary ________ (may, must, can’t, mustn’t) be Liu Ying’s. Look! Her name is on the cover.

3. A: Come back home every month.

B: I ________ (will, must, should, can).

4. A: Shall I tell Mary about it?

B: No, you ________ (mustn’t, can’t, needn’t, shouldn’t). I’ve told her already.

5. A: Excuse me. Will you please tell me the way to the station?

B: Oh, sorry, I don’t know. You ________ (may, must, would, should) go and ask that policeman.

6. Read the text louder, please. I _____ (wouldn’t, can’t, needn’t, may not) hear you.

7. We _______ (may, can, should, need) keep the new traffic law and learn how to protect ourselves.

8. A: May I put my bike here?

B: No, you _____ (couldn’t, needn’t, won’t, mustn’t). You should put it over there.

9. A: Listen! Helen is singing in the next room.

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B: It ________ (mustn’t, may, should, can’t) be Helen. She has gone to Beijing.

10. Peter ________ (must, may, can, will) come with us tonight, but I am not very sure.

11. Cars and buses ________ (can, need, must, may) stop when the traffic lights are red.

12. Johnny, you ________ (won’t, mustn’t, shouldn’t, can’t) play with the knife, or you ________ (can’t, may, must, shouldn’t) hurt yourself.

13. A: ________ (may, must, should, will) I ask you a question?

B: Sure. But you ________ (can, must, could, would) wait a minute.

14. The city cleaners ________ (may, can, might, have to) repeat their work many times a day during the dust-storm season.

15. A: Must I come at four o’clock?

B: Oh, no, you ________ (mustn’t, can’t, don’t, don’t have to).

16. A: Could I take this seat?

B: Yes, you ________ (could, may, must, need).

V. Multiple choices:

1. The house built of ________ was once used as a warehouse.

A. stone B. stones C. a stone D. some stones

2. There is ________ on your nose.

A. an egg B. the egg C. egg D. eggs

3. There are trees on ________ side of the street.

A. such a B. both C. some D. each

4. There’s ________ water in the bottle.

A. few B. a number of C. plenty of D. any

5. ________ work has to be done before the plant goes into operation.

A. Much B. Double C. A number of D. Neither

6. The students spent ________ their time working in the fields.

A. both B. most C. more D. half

7. I saw ________ boys at the cinema.

A. the both B. many a C. both the D. the several

8. ________ cases have been reported.

A. Such few B. Such some C. Few such D. Some these

9. A: Did you see Tom at the party?

B: No, he ________ by the time I got there.

A. had left B. was leaving C. left D. has left

10. A: Do you know Miss Wang?

B: Yes. I first met her two years ago. She ________ at a radio shop at that time.

A. was working B. has worked C. is working D. had worked

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11. A: What did Mr. Jones do before he moved here?

B: He ________ a city bus for over twenty-five years.

A. is driving B. drove C. has driven D. drives

12. Hurry up! The play ______ for ten minutes.

A. has been on B. has begun C. had begun D. began

13. I’m sorry to have kept you waiting.

B: Oh, not at all. I ________ here only a few minutes.

A. have come B. had been C. was D. have been

14. Do you think that the classroom ________ every day?

B: Yes, I think so.

A. should clean B. should be cleaning

C. should cleaned D. should be cleaned

15. I wasn’t at home yesterday. I ________ to help with the harvest on the farm.

A. asked B. was asked C. was asking D. had asked

16. A: May I speak to Mr. Smith?

B: Sorry, he ________ Australia. But he ________ in two days.

A. has been to; will come back B. has gone to; will be back

C. has been in; would come back D. is leaving for; doesn’t come back

17. I haven’t heard from Jim for a long time.

B: What do you think ________ to him?

A. was happening B. to happen C. has happened D. had happened

18. I like my new bike. It ________ very well.

A. rides B. is riding C. is ridden D. has ridden

19. The old man was quite weak after the accident, so he ________.

A. must be taken care B. must take care of

C. must be looked after D. must look after 20. What a nice bike! How long you it?

B. Just two weeks.

A. have; bought B. did; buy C. have; had D. are; having

21. The television . It doesn’t work now.

A. must repair B. was repairing C. must be repaired D. has repaired 22. A: Do you think this kind of apple well?

B: No, I don’t think so.

A. have sold B. sells C. are sold D. would sell 23. A: Can you tell me whom the play in 1998?

B: Sorry, I don’t know.

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A. was written by B. was written C. is written by D. is written 24He did it in ________ time it took me.

A. the one-third B. half a C. the double D. one-third the

25Are you going to buy ________ rice?

A. all these B. these all C. all this D. both these

26________ evenings he did enjoy himself very much.

A. The first few B. The few first C. The first some D. Some the first

27Why is there ________ traffic on the streets in February than in May?

A. less B. fewer C. few D. little

28There are trees on ________ side of the street.

A. such a B. both C. some D. each

29There’s ________ water in the bottle.

A. few B. a number of C. plenty of D. any

30There must be ________ empty talk but more hard work.

A. fewer B. no C. the least D. less

31The house built of ________ was once used as a warehouse.

A. stone B. stones C. a stone D. some stones

32There is ________ on your nose.

A. an egg B. the egg C. egg D. eggs

33This will please ________.

A. the eyes B. eyes C. the eye D. people’s eyes

34. No sooner had the teacher left the classroom _________ the students made noises.

A. rather than B. before C. would rather D. than

35 No matter who _________ this game gets to play against Carret in the final.

A. wins B. beats C. win D. beat

36There must be ________ empty talk but more hard work.

A. fewer B. no C. the least D. less

37Are you going to buy ________ rice?

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A. all these B. these all C. all this D. both these

38 Either you or he _________ against traffic regulations.

A. is driving B. are driving C. drive D. have driven

39A: Did you see Tom at the party?

B: No, he ________ by the time I got there.

A. had left B. was leaving C. left D. has left

40A: What a nice bike! How long ________ you ________ it?

B. Just two weeks.

A. have; bought B. did; buy C. have; had D. are; having

41When I got to the cinema, the film________ for ten minutes.

A. has begun B. had begun C. had been on D. was

42I saw ________ boys at the cinema.

A. the both B. many a C. both the D. the several

43I like my new bike. It ________ very well.

A. rides B. is riding C. is ridden D. has ridden

44A: Do you know Miss Wang?

B: Yes. I first met her two years ago. She ________ at a radio shop at that time.

A. was working B. has worked C. is working D. had worked

45They paid ________ money for the machine than I expected.

A. little B. less C. much D. fewer

46 I’d like ________ paper.

A. a few B. several C. a bit of D. these

47 There are ________ mistakes in the paper.

A. the B. a little C. much D. a few

VI. Rewrite the following sentences:

A. Put the following sentences into the passive voice (by phrase may be omitted):

1. Someone will tell you how to prepare for the examination.

2. They criticized me for something wrong that I had done.

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3. It surprised me to hear that they wouldn't give him a holiday after his hard work.

4. Someone must have turned on the light without your notice.

5. They won't hold the meeting until next Friday.

6. Someone has taken the stranger to another hospital.

7. They have found ways to make waste water clean.

8. They gave him a medal for his wonderful work.

9Do you wash your clothes very often?

10Must I do all the exercises on my own?

11People call him Little Old Man.

12He told me to wait here for him.

13Tom broke the window.

14Someone has left the light on.

15They will look after your baby well.

16You’ll have to write out the names clearly.

17We must take down the notice quickly.

18People are talking about it all over the town.

19How should we account for this?

20Have they looked into the matter?

B. Rephrase the following, using the alternative words given in brackets:

1. When we reached the football ground, the game had not yet started. (before)

2. We arrived at the station and then we bought the tickets. (as soon as)

3. The secretary had typed three letters. I came in. (by the time)

4. She only noticed it after he had pointed it out. (until)

5. He answered eight advertisements. Then he got a job. (before)

6. When I met George, he had not yet heard the news. (before)

7. When we reached the football ground, the game had already started. (after)

8. He did all his work. He went to bed. (by the time)

VII. Translate the following into English:

1. 据说,他能说几种外国语。

2. 每隔几分钟电话铃就响一次。

3. 明年夏天他们打算到大连去度假。

4. 这种料子容易销售。

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5. 你的来信已经收到。

6. 我不懂多少法语。

7. 他的小说销路不佳。

8. 昨天他告诉我,他打算下个月结婚。

9. 要是你以前告诉过我该多好啊。

10. 自从我生病以来,他经常给我写信。

11. 上星期他每天来看我。

12. 到下周末,我在这儿就整整一年了。

13. 他从来不做家庭作业,但在班上学习很好。

14. 他做了很多工作,也犯了很多错误。

15. 在房屋前面有一个花园。

16 上星期他每天来看我。

17 雨一停,我们就动身。

18 她说,到周末她将已经返回中国。

19 如果他来时我在吃中饭,请告诉他等一会儿。

20 这件事可以马上做

(二)

I. Put the verbs in brackets into the infinitive, the –ing participle or the –ed participle:

1. I can’t help ______ (wonder) whether we should risk ______ (go) without raincoats.

2. Matthew didn’t fancy _______ (get) up at five o’clock.

3. You can’t miss _______ (see) the statue on your way to the bank.

4. A: I’m thinking of ________ (fly) to Oxford tomorrow in my helicopter. Would you like ________ (come)?

B: No, thanks. I want ________ (go) to Oxford, but I’d rather ________ (go) by train.

5. This problem demands ________ (look into).

6. Success means ________ (work) very, very hard.

7. The ________ (fall) snow was frozen hard.

8. We don’t want anything ________ (say) about this.

9. He soon had them all ________ (laugh).

10. He kept them ________ (work) all day.

11. He didn’t feel like ________ (work), so he suggested ________ (spend) the day in the garden.

12. We all appreciate your ________ (want) ________ (help) us in our difficulties.

13. I didn’t mean ________ (eat) anything but the cakes looked so good that I couldn’t resist ________ (try) one.

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14. I was beginning ________ (get) angry.

15. I wish he would stop ________ (pretend) to be an expert on Byzantine art.

16. More traffic will be able to pass on the ________ (widen) road.

17. I caught the boys ________ (steal) apples from my garden.

18. Is there any need for you ________ (hurry)?

19. He’s watching television. But he’s supposed ________ (do) his homework.

20. ________ (teach) by a foreigner will improve your oral English.

21. Tim decided ________ (put) broken glass on top of his wall ________ (prevent) boys ________ (climb) over it.

22. We don’t understand him ________ (need) so much money.

23. A: Would you children mind _______ (keep) quiet for a moment? I’m trying _______ (fill) up a form.

B: It’s no use _______ (ask) children _______ (keep) quiet. They can’t help _____ (make) a noise.

24. I must remember _______ (remind) him that the garden needs ________ (water).

25. I remember _______ (allow) them _______ (play) in my garden without first ____ (ask) for permission.

26. We need another copy of the ________ (sign) contract.

27. You may take the horse to the water, but you can’t make him ________ (drink).

28. I won’t have it ________ (say) that I treated him unfairly.

29. We had nothing _____ (do) except _____ (look) at the posters outside the cinemas.

30. This cloth is used ________ (make) a coat.

31. The doctor advised ________ (stay) longer in hospital.

32. The witness denied ________ (see) the accused man.

33. Most people prefer ________ (spend) money to ________ (earn) it.

34. I resented ________ (be) unjustly accused and asked him ________ (apologize).

35. Has something troubled you? Did you receive some ________ (trouble) news?

36. Do you wish your breakfast ________ (bring) to your room, madam?

37. You should make your views ________ (know).

38. Children were warned ________ (not play) fire.

39. China is a ________ (develop) nation with an ________ (increase) population.

40. She used ______ (drive) to the station every day, but then she suddenly decided ____ (walk) instead. 41He didn’t feel like _____ (work), so he suggested _____ (spend) the day in the garden.

42I didn’t mean ________ (eat) anything but the cakes looked so good that I couldn’t resist ____

(try) one.

43Most people prefer ________ (spend) money to ________ (earn) it.

44I don’t regret ________ (tell) her what I thought, even if it upset her.

45She began ________ (understand) what he really wanted.

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46I remember ________ (hear) him ________ (say) the grass needed ________ (cut).

47I advise you ________ (wait) before ________ (decide) ________ (accept) the job.

48Success means ________ (work) very, very hard.

49I hate ________ (mention) it, but you owe me some money.

50A child can’t learn ________ (spell) without ________ (be) helped.

51I remember ________ (allow) them ________ (play) in my garden without first ________ (ask) for permission. 52I was beginning ________ (get) angry.

53The criminal even threatened ________ (murder) the president.

54I can’t help ________ (wonder) whether we should risk ________ (go) without raincoats.

55You still have a lot ________ (learn) if you’ll forgive my saying so.

56Mrs Allison will charm everyone at the party. She is a ________ (charm) woman.

57Did you try to encourage your son? Did you give him any ________ (encourage) advice?

58He soon had them all ________ (laugh).

II.Add a suitable question tag to each of the following statements:

1. You’d rather go, ________?

2. I’m older that you, ________?

3. He has his hair cut every month, ________?

4. I needn’t tell you the news, ________?

5. You must be hungry, ________?

6. There’s nothing wrong, ________?

7. Something’ll have to be done about the price, ________?

8. No one left here yesterday, ________?

9. You’d rather I didn’t say anything, ________?

10. David usually goes on foot, ________?

11. Helen has just finished reading a novel about an English family trying to settle down in Italy,_____?

12. You’re married, ________?

13. I must answer the letter, ________?

14. Someone turn that radio down, ________?

15. Naturally, the aim is to enjoy our time together, ________?

16. Now it won’t be long before we meet again, ________?

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17. Jack has coffee with breakfast, ________?

18. I suppose you know the meaning of the word, ________?

19. We may go home now, ________?

20. If paradise exists, this must be it, ________?

21. Eventually, everything will turn out fine, ________?

22. Don’t forget to phone me, ________?

23. Do sit down, ________?

24. Birds rarely build nests in our garden, ________?

25You’d rather go, ________?

26I needn’t tell you the news, ________?

27You have two cars, ________?

28You couldn’t lend me a pound, ________?

29Jane has to stay here all day, ________?

30Give me a hand, ________?

31The pubs close at half past three, ________?

32David wouldn’t get such a long holiday if he worked in industry, ________?

33He was spring-cleaning all day yesterday, ________?

34Jack has coffee with breakfast, ________?

35He shouldn’t smoke so much, ________?

36There’s nothing wrong, ________?

III.Fill in each blank with a proper preposition:

1. Fruit is rich ________ vitamins. In

2. The weather is favorable ________ football.

3. Mary is still inseparable ________ her mother.

4. She is sick ________ flu.

5. You can never be happy if you feel envious ________ other people.

6. Everyone blames you ________ a certain mistake.

7. You should always look out ________ the traffic.

8. The manager will have to hire two people to make up ________ the lost time.

9. I don’t like the idea ________ getting married yet.

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10. A key ________ the back door is always kept on a high ledge above the door.

11. My uncle is an expert ________ electronics.

12. There’s a limit ________ every man’s patience.

13. Pop music has a very bad effect ________ children.

14. Your team has no hope ________ winning.

15. Anyway he was dead. I couldn’t bring him back ________ life.

16. It’s rude to point ________ someone.

17. He compared the girl ________ a flower.

18. Laura is very enthusiastic ________ her new job.

19. She was deaf ________ his request to do her work.

20. Please don’t get mad ________ me. I was only trying to help.

21. Much ________ his regret, he had found out his mistakes too late.

22. ________ general, far too many people get married ________ haste.

23. He takes pride ________ doing things properly.

24. You can bring a friend along ________ the party if you like.

25. His illness may result ________ malnutrition.

26. I believe they are related ________ marriage.

27. The chair is ________ the way here. Let’s move it away.

28. Her marriage ________ Smith didn’t last very long.

29. The key ________ success is hard work.

30. Do your children receive gifts ________ Christmas?

31Look ________ the sentence ________ the bottom ________ the page.

32Let’s go on ________ our discussion.

33I’m sure we’ll be able to catch up ________ you.

34Please remind her ________ the meeting when you see her.

35That depends much ________ how we look at it.

36I don’t care ________ what people say.

37How shall we deal ________ the matter?

38We must keep the children ________ playing near the river.

39The city seems quite different ________ what it was three months ago.

40The plan is far ________ perfect.

41The subject isn’t very familiar ________ us.

42The place is famous ________ its plum-blossoms.

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43She was very much worried ________ your health.

44What is the name of the girl ________ a blue coat?

45When still a child ________ six, he could already recite poems.

46She showed great interest ________ physics.

47There is no need ________ anxiety.

IV.Rephrase the following sentences:

A. Rephrase the following sentences using anticipatory it:

1. He is quite likely to let you down.

2. Possibly the Joneses will come to the party as well.

3. Whether they will come or not doesn’t matter very much.

4. To be with you here this evening is a great pleasure.

5. To spoil such a fine drawing would be a pity.

6. To drive without a license is illegal.

7. John happened to be the only witness.

8. John doesn’t seem to be coming after all.

9. Do you find living here very dull?

10. I cannot possibly forgive him.

11. You were so kind to invite us.

12. The park looks very small.

13. Our plan seems to be perfect.

14. How he came to have such a valuable painting is a mystery.

15. That you should feel obliged to resign at this point is regretted.

16. I think a good idea would be to get up a petition.

17A car was ready for us.

18Is anyone waiting to see me?

19 Beneath our house was an old cellar with a thick flint wall.

20A man is sitting on that sofa.

21A cherry tree is in my garden.

22Something must be wrong

B. Rewrite the following sentences, using inversion:

1. I have never found him in such a good mood.

2. He had hardly finished his work when the telephone rang.

3. He only found out an hour ago that an accident had happened.

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4. They rarely go to school by bus.

5. It is no longer necessary these days for women to spend hours of drudgery in the kitchen.

6. He got to the meeting in time only because someone had given him a lift.

7. I will not give up halfway for anything.

8. He had no sooner begun to speak than I sensed that something was wrong.

9. He did not come to our school at any time during his long stay in Shanghai.

10. I only realized what trouble he was in when I heard his voice trembling.

11. He had scarcely got to the office when his boss wanted to see him.

12. Jimmy not only passed the exam but got good marks for all the courses he had taken.

13You can improve your spoken English only by practice.

14She seldom speaks with foreigners.

15 The little boy had no sooner seen me than he ran off.

16I realized that I was wrong only then.

17I’ve never taught such a clever student as he.

18He could scarcely concentrate on his work because others kept disturbing him.

V. Combine each group of sentences into one:

A. Combine each group of sentences into one containing a suitable non-finite clause:

1. I knew that he was poor. I offered to pay his fare.

2. She didn’t want to hear the story again. She had heard it all before.

3. I don’t like to cross the field. I knew that the bull was bad tempered.

4. Mrs. Wilson suddenly felt dizzy. She sat down quickly.

5. I had worked hard all day. I was ready for bed by eight o’clock.

6. He found no one at home. He left the house in a bad temper.

7. I had heard that the caves were dangerous. I didn’t like to go any further without a light.

8. The castle was burnt in the sixteenth century. It was never built.

9. At the station, we were met by a man. He was carrying a copy of the Times.

10. He had spent all his money. He decided to go home and ask his father for a job.

11. He was exhausted by his work. He threw himself on his bed.

12. The men were working on the site. They were in some danger.

13I saw him. He was running for the bus.

14He sat there. He was watching the men at work.

15Tom felt tired. He went to bed at once.

16He used chopsticks. He ate his dinner.

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17I stood at the gate. I was waiting for his arrival.

18We had not got a reply from them. We became quite worried.

B. Combine each pair of simple sentences into one sentence, using proper subordinators:

1. I saw a film yesterday. The film was dull.

2. The students were trapped in a cave. One of them has already been brought out.

3. She spoke French rapidly. I couldn’t understand her.

4. I lost my pen somewhere. The auditorium might be the place.

5. He had a sore throat. He had spoken for three hours.

6Illness kept him away from school. He didn’t get the prize. (because)

7You promise to behave yourself. You shall not go to the party this afternoon. (unless)

8His mother waited up. He came home. (until)

9I graduated from high school. I have been studying at the university. (since)

10I came to the United States. I had studied English in my own country. (before)

11He passed the examination. He had been prevented by illness from studying. (although)

VI.Correct errors in the following sentences:

1. I can tell you a much more funnier story than that.

2. Dick’s behaviour is more courteous than Bob.

3. Mary’s nicer of the four girls in the family.

4. Both Mary will do it and her husb will do it too.

5. You can either write a thesis or a short essay on the subject.

6. He not only likes the girl, but the family too.

7. Mr Jones is principal of the school, moreover he is an expert in translation.

8. For I have never met him, I can’t tell you what he looks like.

9. So that he awakened his mother, John slammed the door.

10. Let’s start as arranged, although it rain tomorrow.

11. He is as a good worker as John.

12. He is more an efficient worker than John.

13. She told us to read the text carefully, and that we should write a short review of it.

14. Give him an inch, or he’ll take a mile.

15. The teacher is very strict with us, simply since he wants us to make rapid progress.

16. Just take a look at that fellow, so you’ll get sick.

17. I think Mary is nicer of the two.

18. George did work more than anyone else.

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19. The students are not only organizing social activities, but also are interested in political questions.

20. He can neither sing nor he can compose.

21. Because all the shops have closed, it must be very late now.

22. I often take a shower, even althogh I prefer a bath.

23. This room is larger than that one three times.

24. He looked as more nervous as a brick wall.

25. Either he needs some rest or some cold drink.

26. Both Pauline and her husband did not want to attend the meeting.

1. I have least experience in teaching than he.

2. She is more friendly and diligent than any girl in her class.

3. His English is as good as his brother.

4. Mary sings best than any daughters in the family.

5. Her sister is three years elder than she.

6. He skates not so well as Tom.

7. Qinghua University is one of the biggest university in China.

8. The hot weather here started more later this year than last year.

9. Tim runs fastest of we all.

10. They will make a farther investigation on the life of the panda.

11. The much you practice speaking English, the much fluently you will be able to speak it.

12. Of all these machine tools you have seen, this one is more useful.

VII.Translate the following into English:

1.这是一个难以解答的问题。

2.冬天,天色晚得早。

3.问他没有用,他什么也不知道。

4.假如我会说英语,我当时就会清楚地表达我的意见。

5.如果当初你采纳我的劝告,你现在就不会陷入这样的困境。

6.我已经在这里呆了两天,没有什么可看的了。

7.从这儿到车站有两英里路。

8.如果她答应参加宴会,她一定会来的。

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9.我已经习惯于做这种工作。

10.我的兄弟是被接见的第三个人。

11.可惜你错过了那次音乐会。

12.如果商店把货物包扎好,这些货物就不会损坏了。

13我已习惯于做这种工作。

14做这种试验值得吗?

15如果她答应参加宴会,她一定会来的。

16看来他很害怕。

17即使出得起钱,我也不买这幅图画。

18你本应该帮她一把

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