名词性物主代词和形容词性物主代词的用法

形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词的用法

一.人称代词的主格在句子中作主语

1. I am sorry I am late.

2. They/We are both from the south.

3.She is clever than me.

二.人称代词的宾格在句子中作动词宾语或介词宾语,表语。

1His mother told him to study hard.

2Deming’s mother bought a new bike for him.

3.Who is it ? It is me

三.形容词性物主代词一般位于名词前,用作定语。

1 My name is John Green. 我叫约翰·格林。

2Excuse me, is this your car? 对不起,这是您的车吗?

3 His parents are in England. 他的父母在英国。

4They wash their faces every day. 他们每天都洗脸。

四.名词性物主代词的句法功能

a. 作主语,例如:

May I use your pen? Yours works better.

我可以用一用你的钢笔吗?

b. 作宾语,例如:

I love my motherland as much as you love yours.

我爱我的祖国就像你爱你的祖国一样深。

c. 作介词宾语,例如:

Your should interpret what I said in my sense of the word, not in yours.

你应当按我所用的词义去解释我说的话,而不能按你自己的意义去解释。 d. 作表语,例如:

Is this your book or mine?

e. 名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词

为避免重复使用名词,有时可用“名词性物主代词”来代替“形容词性物主代词+名词”的形式。

例:My bag is yellow, her bag is red, his bag is blue and your bag is pink.

为避免重复使用bag,可写成My bag is yellow, hers is red, his is blue and

. yours is pin

f. 名词性物主代词有时可以和of 构成短语,

1 A friend of mine is good at English.

2 I hate that behaviour (行为)of hers

That photo of yours is beautiul.

形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词的练习

一.用所给词的适当形式填空

1. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big. ( I )

2. The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she )

3. Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I )

4. _________ is my brother. _________ name is Jack.

Look! Those stamps are _________. ( he )

5. _________ dresses are red. (we) What colour are _________? ( you )

6. Here are many dolls, which one is _________ ? ( she )

7. I can find my toy, but where’s _________? ( you )

8. Show _________ your kite, OK? (they)

9. I have a beautiful cat. _________name is Mimi.

These cakes are _________. ( it )

10. Are these _________ tickets?

No, _________ are not _________. _________ aren’t here. ( they )

11. Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________ classroom. ( we )

12. _________ is my aunt. Do you know _________ job?

_________ a nurse. ( she )

13. That is not _________ camera. _________is at home. ( he )

14. Where are _________? I can’t find _________.

Let’s call _________ parents. ( they )

15. Don’t touch _________. _________ not a cat, _________ a tiger!(it)

16. _________ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she )

17. _________ don’t know her name.

Would you please tell _________. ( we )

18. So many dogs. Let’s count _________. ( they )

19. I have a lovely brother. _________ is only 3.

I like _________ very much. ( he )

20. May I sit beside _________? ( you )

21. Look at that desk. Those book are on _________. ( it )

22.The girl behind _________ is our friend. (she )

二、用am, is, are 填空

1. I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not.

2. The girl______ Jack's sister.

3. The dog _______ tall and fat.

4. The man with big eyes _______ a teacher.

5. ______ your brother in the classroom?

6. Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home.

7. How _______ your father?

8. Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school.

9. Whose dress ______ this?

10. Whose socks ______ they?

11. That ______ my red skirt.

12. Who ______ I?

13.The jeans ______ on the desk.

14.Here ______ a scarf for you.

15. Here ______ some sweaters for you.

16. The black gloves ______ for Su Yang.

17. This pair of gloves ______ for Yang Ling.

18. The two cups of milk _____ for me.

19. Some tea ______ in the glass.

20. Gao shan's shirt _______ over there.

21. My sister's name ______Nancy.

22. This ______ not Wang Fang's pencil.

23. ______ David and Helen from England?

24. There ______ a girl in the room.

25. There ______ some apples on the tree.

26. _______ there any kites in the classroom?

27. _______ there any apple juice in the bottle?

28. There _______ some bread on the plate.

29. There _______ a boy, two girls, three men and ten women in the park.

30. You, he and I ______ from China.

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