高考英语三大从句

分析1:高考英语定语从句复习教案[下载]【以文搜文】

用作定语的从句叫做定语从句(attributive clause)

定语从句通常置于它所修饰的名词(或代词)之后,这种名词(或代词)叫做先行词(antecedent)。

引导定语从句的词叫关联词或引导词,它分为关系代词和关系副词。

判断定语从句使用何种引导词取决于先行词在定语从句中的成分。

常用的关系代词:指人who(主语) whom(宾语);指物which(主语,宾语);即可指人,也可指物,既可作主语也可作宾语 that; 表示所有格whose(定语)既可指“人的”,也可指“物的”。

注意:指人时可以用who,也可以用that.但作主语时,多用主格who. 先行词在定语从句中作主语,宾语,定语,引导词要选择关系代词。

例句:This is the teacher who came from sk middle school.

The book which /that you read belongs to me.

The desk whose leg is broken is very old.

常用的关系副词:表时间when;表地点where;表原因why表方式that(可以省略)。它们分别在从句中作状语。先行词在定语从句中作状语时,引导词要用关系副词。如果表示时间,地点,原因的先行词在定语从句中作主语、宾语,应用that 或which.

例句: This is the day when he went to college.

This is the factory where color TV sets are made.

I don’t believe the reason why he was late for school.

I don’t like the way that he spoke to his mother.(其中that 相当于in which ,可以省。)

He works in the factory which makes color TV sets.

关系代词与关系副词可以转换

When ---适当的介词+which

Where---适当的介词+which

Why ----for which

That(方式)----in which

介词+关系代词的结构中,可以选择的关系代词有whom(指人);which(指物);whose(指“人的”或“物的”) 此处,介词的选择可以根据从句中的谓语动词来定。

例句: This is the day when/on which he went to college.

This is the fact互ry where/in which color TV sets are made.

I don’t believe the reason why/for which he was late for school.

This is the girl from whomI learned the news.

This is the book for which I paid 5dollars.

He works in a factory in whose front there is a river.

限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句

限制性定语从句:从句与主句关系......余下全文>>

分析2:英语从句讲解[下载]【以文搜文】

英语中六大从句用法总结

1.主语从句

1)主语从句可直接位于主语的位置,如果从句较长,谓语又较短,可用it作形式主语,而将从句放在句末。常见的句型有:

*It is a fact\a pity\a question\good news that...

*It seems\appears\happened\has turned out that...

*It is clear&#顶2;important\likely\possible that...

*It is said\reported\estimated\has been proved that...

It is said that comic books create a connection between people of the same generation.

It seems that the performance is very useful.

2)what引导的主语从句表示“...的东西时”,一般不用it作形式主语。

What we lack is experience.

3)what,who,when,why,whether等词含有各自的疑问意义,但它们引导的主语从句,都用陈述语序。

How the plan is to be carried out should be discussed again.

I did know why I felt like crying.

2.宾语从句

1)宾语从句可位于及物动词、介词和某些形容词后。连词that常可省略。介词后一般接疑问词引导的宾语从句。in that(因为),except that(除了),but that(只是)已构成固定搭配,其他介词后一般不接that引导的宾语从句。

*I promised that I would change the situation.

*All this is different from what American young people would say about friendship.

*He is certain that watching so much television is not good for children.

*This article is well-written except that it is a bit too long.

2)宾语从句后如有宾补,要用形式宾语it来代替,而把宾语从句移至宾补之后。

He has made it clear that he would not change his mind.

3)在think,believe,suppose,expect等动词后的宾语从句中,如果谓语是否定的,一般将否定词移至主句谓语上,宾语从句则变成肯定形式。

He didn't think that the money was well spent.

3.表语从句

表语从句出现在结构为“主语+系动词+表语从句”的句子中。表语从句除可用that,what,when,why,whether,how等引导外,还可由because,as if(though)等引导。that常可省略。如主句主语为reason,只能用that引导表语从句,不可用because.

Perhap......余下全文>>

分析3:英语宾语从句[下载]【以文搜文】

这个讲起来有点麻烦了。

主句是一般现在时,从句什么时态都行

eg: He says that he is reading a book now.

主句是一般过去时,从句用过去范畴的时态

eg:He said that he would work hard

eg:They said the had been to France

这两个我举的例子从句一个用的过去将来时。一个用的过去完成时。

主句一般过去时,但是从句是客观的真理,或者自然现象,还是一般现在时

这个要注意,给你举个例子

eg:The students asked me if the earth goes round the sun.

这是客观真理。也是自然现象。这里的从句说的是地球围绕太阳转,这是永恒的真理,也是自然的现象,所以是一般现在时。

其他的主句和从句中间的时态关系须看具体情况。还是给你举几个例子

eg: My mother told me the cat had been fed by him.

eg:S罚e said that she had taken it home with her.

另外宾语从句的从句部分是要遵循陈述的语序的。从句的结构:主+谓+其他

[引导词]

从句是陈述的语气 用that

一般疑问 用if

特殊疑问 用他专属的特殊疑问词

eg:I‘m afraid that you are right

这个理解起来应该比较简单,有疑问可以再站内信或者HI我

分析4:英语定语从句WHERE[下载]【以文搜文】

定语从句中,where是一个关系副词,它引导的定语从句中where做了地点状语。比如:this is the hotel where i stayed last year. 先行词是hotel,w郸ere是关系词,它在从句中做了地点状语。

分析5:英语同位语从句[下载]【以文搜文】

同位语部分是个句子,就是同位语从句,这种用法比较"固定",把关键的几个词背下来.

一、在复合句中用作同位语的从句叫同位语从句。它一般跟在某些名词后面,用以说明该名词表示的具体内容。如:

I heard the news that our team had won.我听到了我们队获胜的消息。

I had no idea that you were here.我不知道你在这里。

二、可以跟同位语从句的名词通常有news,idea,fact,promise,question,doubt,thought,hope,message,suggestion,words(消息),possibility等。如:

I’ve come from Mr wang with a message that he won’t be able to see you this afternoon. 我从王先生那里来,他让我告诉你他今天下午不能来看你了。

三、英语中引导同位语从句的词通有连词 that,whether,连接副词 how,when,where等。(注:if,which 不能引导同位语从句。)如:

l have no idea when he will be back.我不知道他什么时候回来。

He must answer the question whether he agrees to it or not.

他必须回答他是否同意这样一个问题。

四、有时同位语从句可以不紧跟在说明的名词后面,而被别的词隔开。 如:

Several years later,word came that Napoleon himself was coming to inspect them.

几年以后,有消息传来说拿破仑要亲自视 察他们。

The thought came to him that maybe the enemy had fled the city.

他突然想起可能敌人已经逃出城了。

五、同位语从句与定语从句的区别。

1、同位语从句与前面的名词是同位关系,即说明它前面名词的内容;而定语从句与前面的名词是修饰与被修饰关系,即限定它前面的名词范围,或补充一些情况。如:

The news that l have passed the exam is true.我通过了考试这一消息是真的。

(同位语从句,即从句所表达的意思就是前面名词的内容。)

The news that he told me just now is true.他刚才告诉我的消息是真的。

(定语从句,从句对前面名词起修饰限制作用,即“他告诉我的”那个消息,而不是别的消息。)

2、关系词在句中是否做成分 。如:

The idea that computers can recognize human voices surprises many people.

计算机能够识别人的声音的想法使许多人感到惊奇。(that在从句中不充当任何成份。)

The idea that he gave surprises many people.他提出的观点令许多人感到吃惊。

(that在从句中作gave的宾语。)

3、从句是否有疑问的意义。如:

eg.Do you remember the day when i told you that i l......余下全文>>

分析6:英语从句怎么写[下载]【以文搜文】

从句是指用于复合句中担当某个句子成分的主谓结构。虽说从句自身的句子结构是完整的, 但是它不能视为独立的句子,因为它离开了主语就无法独立、完整地表达意思。按其所能表达的意义而言,它相当于一个词或是一个词组.例如: 1) Because they talk at home while the television is on , many people think they can talk at movies as well . (状语从句)许多人在家里是边看电视边谈话,所以他们认为在电影院也可以如此。 2) Whether he comes or not doesn't make any difference to me . (主语从句) 他来与不来对我都一样。 3)There is disagreement among economists about what money is and how money is measured(宾语从句)什么是货币以及怎样计量货币经济学家之间存有分歧。 4) China is not what it used to be . (表语从句)中国不是它过去的样子了。 5) Is there any proof that the food of plant differs from that of animals ? (同位语从句)有没有什么证据说明植物性食品不同于动物性食品? 6) Taxes consist of money that people pay to support their government . (定语从句) 税款是人们支持政府而交的钱。 如果将上面的复合句中所有的从句都独立出来,那将是这样的: 1) Because they talk at home while the television is on 2) Whether he comes or not 3) what money is and how money is measured 4) what it used to be 5) that the food of plant differs from that of animals 6) that people pay to support their government 我们很容易看出,上面的所有这些句子既不是陈述句、疑问句,也不是祁使句,更不是感叹句。也就是说,它们不是独立的句子;也只有在附属于主句后才能获得意义如下:1)因为许多人在家里是边看电视边谈话 2)他来与不来 3)什么是货币以及怎样计量货币 4)它过去的样子5)植物性食品不同于动物性食品6)人们支持政府而交的上面的这些句子在我们中文里如同是人们常说的"半截话";在英文中也就是个"词或词组"了。 B. 我们虽然说过,从句自身的句子结构基本是完整的,但是它不同于"独立句子"的是--每个从句的最前面都好象"戴了顶帽子"即:从属关系词。由此可以看出,从句的另一个特点是:从属关系词总是立于从句之首. C. 从句的再一个特点是:一般说来(除少数倒装的情况外),从句中的语序应该是正常语序。 D. 关于从句种类的划分有两种方法:按从句的词性划分和按从句的句子功能划分。如果按从句的词性划分,从句可分为三种:名词从句、形容词从句和副词从句。如果按从句的句子功能划分(也就是按从句在句子中所担任的成分来划分),从句可分为:主语从句、宾语从句、 表语......余下全文>>

分析7:名词性从句高考考点[下载]【以文搜文】

名词性从句高考考点及专项练习

名词性从句相当于名词,可分别作主句的主语、表语、宾语和同位语。因此,名词性从句成分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从亥和同位从句。

(一)引导名词性从句的连接词

1、连接代词:who, whose, whom, what, which。有词义,在从句中担任成分,如主语、表语、宾语、或定语等。

2、连接副词:when, where, why, how。有词义,在从句中担任成分,作状语。

3、连接词:that, whether, if, as if。that 无词义,在从句中不担任成分,有时可省略;if (whether), as if虽有词义,但在从句中不担任成分。

(二)主语从句

1、主语从句在复合句作主语。

e.g. Who will go is not important.

2、用it作形式主语,主语从句放在句末。

e.g. It doesn’t matter so much whether you will come or not.

3、that引导主语从句时,不能省略。

e.g. That he suddenly fell ill last week made us surprised.

注意:that从句作主语和宾语时,可以用it 来替换成以下几种结构表达。

(A)It is clear/certain/likely/true/surprising that…

(B)It is a pity/shame/good idea/no wonder that ...

(C)It is said/reported/ believed/known/thought/suggested that …

(D)It seems/happens that。

如: It happened that I went out last night.

It is said that China will win in the World Cup.

(三)表语从句

1、表语从句在复合句中作表语,位于系动词之后。

e.g. The question was who could go there.

(四)宾语从句

1、宾语从句在复合句中作宾语。引导宾语从句的连词that一般可省略。

e.g. I hope (that) everything is all right.

2宾语从句中的连接词that有时可省有时又不可省,在以下几种情况中that不能省略:(A)当that从句和主句谓语动词之间有插入词语或者从句主语之间有插入语时,that不可省略;(B)当that 从句与另一名词性从句并列作宾语时,that不能省;(C)当that作介词宾语时,that不可省掉。如:

He judged that, because he was a child, he did not understand wine

Everyone knew what happened and that she was worried.

The reason lies in that she works......余下全文>>

分析8:定语从句高考高频考点[下载]【以文搜文】

高考英语定语从句常见考点归纳  定语从句是中学英语教学的重点,也是学生学习的难点,同时又是高考考查的热点。纵观近年各地高考试题,就能发现考点大多集中在带有"插入语"的定语从句;which 、as 引导的非限定性定语从句; where 、 when引导的定语从句以及定语从句和强调句、同位语从句的区别等方面。 对定语从句的考查不单纯考查其语法结构,而是把它融入到一定的语境中,考查考生的实际综合运用能力。   高考试题中,主要从以下角度考查定语从句:   定语从句的考点之一 that用法  正确区分关系代词that引出的定语从句功能强,除不能作定语(用whose)外,其它几个功能都可用that。但命题角度主要以that与which指物时的区别为重点进行命制。例如:   (1)——Do you have anything in mind _________ you’d like for supper? ——Well, _________ is OK with me.   A. that ; anything  B. which ; everything   C. what ; whatever  D. where ; something 选A。   (2)The wrong you've done him is terrible, for ______ you should make an apology to him, I think.   A. this  B. which  C. what  D. that 选B。   定语从句的考点之二 判断成分,是关系代词还是关系副词  正确区分关系代词(that或which)与关系副词when(表时间)、where(表地点)、why(表原因)。重点根据定语从句中所缺成分(即关系词在定语从句中作状语时,使用关系副词when (on which); where(in which); why(for which);在定语从句中作作主语、宾语或表语时,使用that或which。)来确定是用关系代词还是关系副词,绝不能因先行词是时间名词就用when,是地点名词就用where,是reason就用why来确定。因此,认准先行词只是选择关系词的一个方面,更重要的是看其在后面定语从句中充当什么句子成分例如:   (3)He should stand near the stage ________ he could watch and follow the play.   A. where  B. when  C. that  D. there 选A。   (4)Do you think the reason _______ he gave is believable.   A. for which  B. which  C. why  D. what 选B。   (5)We are living in an age _______ many things are done on computer.   A. which   B. that  C. whose  D. when 选D。   定语从句的考点之三 分词短语作定语  当先行词在定语从句中作主语时,应注意主谓语的一致性及被动语态问题。尤其要注意在考题中不用定语从句,而是用分词短语作定语。例如:   (6)The first textbooks ______ for teaching Engli......余下全文>>

分析9:高考定语从句题目求解?[下载]【以文搜文】

选B,which。。。非限定性定语从句,先行词是passion,在从句中作remember的宾语,句意为:世界银行的主席说,对中国的热情,他记得(这热情)始于童年起

分析10:高考英语大纲单词范围。[下载]【以文搜文】

单词说实话,大部分只要会认,但是有词组的单词一定要会背,还要会背他的词组

高考英语考试的重点其实并不是你英语水平有多高,也不是你单词背了多少,其实高考英语考来考去也就是高一至高二上学期的那些单词,考察的词汇量其实不大,但是大家还是考不好,不懂你有没有想过为什么。其实高考延续数十年的习惯,还是把考试的重点放在词汇的应用上。英语有它的特殊性,就是常用词可以搭配的词组非常多,所以高考英语要有所突破的好方法,就是多背词组,最好2000个常用词,都到《牛津英汉双解高阶词典》里把词组都查出来。虽然很花时间,但是只要做了,考到130以上肯定没问题,如果是把词组百分百的整理出来,那几乎就可以考满分。因为英语考试的出卷人,也是边查《户津英汉双解高阶词典》,边出卷的。他们水平再高,也不敢出这个字典里查不到的东西。

当然也有更轻松的方法,前人肯定有人做过这个事,把他们的成果直接拿来用就可以了,

淘宝搜“高考英语笔记 永安纤城中学 高分145”

就可以找到个英语状元的笔记,我拿来看过,非常完整,居然整理出了高中所有的词组一万五千多个,我拿来给自己的学生用,进步神速,去年高考班上就出了好几个135分以上的学生。整份笔记 72面 纯手写影印,人家3年高中总结的资料只要106元,比两三次英语家教还便宜,效果却比家教上课好得多。

所以比起有的老师要求背课文,我更推荐这个,背词组才是英语高考应试的最终法则。